Economic and geopolitical aspects of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline
... need to ensure the reliable operation of gas supply infrastructure makes any military conflict in the region impossible.
Zhiznin S. Z., Timokhov V. M.
Nord Stream 1, Nord Stream 2, third energy package, energy security, gas pipeline, NS 1, NS 2, geopolitical and economic factors
The strongholds of Russian coastal borderlands: economic dynamics amid geopolitical turbulence
... been gravitating towards the sea since the late 1990s, is no exception. This article aims to identify and provide a conceptual framework for the phenomenon of Russia’s coastal borderlands and their constituent ‘strongholds’. It also explores the factors and features of the economic dynamics of the coastal borderlands amid the post-2014 geopolitical turbulence. Economic and statistical methods are used to highlight the irregularity of the economic and settlement patterns across Russia’s coastal borderlands, in their water and land areas. It is shown that Russian economic and military ...
The Youth in Kaliningrad, Gdansk and Klaipeda: Geopolitical Vision of the World, Identity and Images of the Other
... 1994—2012 based on the screening by the Nezavisimaya gazeta and the results of surveys of students at the Immanuel Kant Baltic ... ... Apart from the measures aimed at strengthening the region’s economic base, it is necessary to increase the symbolic capital ... ... geopolitika: osnovy koncepcii i opyt ee primenenija v Rossii [Critical geopolitics: the basis of the concept and experience of its use ... ... 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic ...
Russian energy diplomacy and international energy security (geopolitics and economics)
This article considers national energy security as a component of foreign policy and diplomacy and analyses the current state of Russian energy policy, the role of Russia in global energy geopolitics and the factors affecting it. The author examines energy diplomacy as an instrument of foreign policy at both global and regional levels taking into account the changes in the corporate policy of energy companies.
global energy, international ...
Geopolitical development potential of the Russian exclusive region: search for key strategy and mechanisms for its implementation in new conditions
... when it was established, the problem of choosing a development strategy has always been and remained an urgent issue. Especially sharply, it arose with a change in the geopolitical position of the region after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the Baltic economic area. Exclavity is the most important geopolitical factor in the life of the region. The dialectic of exclave is in the discretion of not only the obstacles, but also of the development possibilities of the region. Another major factor is the immediate proximity of the European Union. Through understanding ...
On the economic security of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave
... indicators and much worse on 19. Proposals for economic restructuring aimed at more intensive exploitation of regional natural and labour resources are examined along with the region’s prospects as part of the Great Eurasia (Bolshaya Eurasia) project and as an ‘international development corridor’.
Fedorov G. M.
economic security, Kaliningrad region, exclave position, geopolitical factors, economic development
The coastalisation of population in today’s Russia: A sociogeographical explication
... not a ubiquitous — socio-geographical process. This process is a result of the evolving spatial architecture of countries and regions, a lack of balance between the potential of leading cities, economic and settlement projections of global geoecological, geo-economic, and geopolitical processes, the scale and effect of transnational and transboundary contracts, and the changing images of coastal ... ... coastalisation’ and ‘quasicoastalisation’ are analysed and relevant cases are considered. The author identifies numerous factors and explores prospects of the further coastalisation of population in the Kaliningrad and Leningrad regions and Saint ...
One Belt - One Road Initiative: A Window of Opportunity for Russia’s Western Border Regions
... development of the People’s Republic of China, its reviving leadership and ambitions, and its increasing efforts to reformat and integrate ... ... policy. In this article, we will highlight the key geoeconomic and geopolitical aspects of the One Belt — One Road initiative implementation,... ... total GRP, and 20.8 % of the national population. We analyse the factors in effect — including geopolitical ones, as well as current ... ... including Russia’s Baltic regions — the infrastructural and economic island of the Kaliningrad exclave among them — into ...
Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... Petersburg agglomeration. The coastal location of the agglomeration and close connections with the Leningrad region make it possible ... ... creates additional prerequisites for the inversion of the Russian economic space — ‘Russia of the physical space’ and ‘the ... ... productive forces], p. 82.
8. Cowen, D., Smith, N. 2009, After Geopolitics? From the Geopolitical Social to Geoeconomics, Antipode,... ... faktorov social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija regionov [Piramida of factors of social and economic development of regions],Voprosy ...
Transboundary Clusters in the Coastal Zones of the European Part of Russia: Inventory, Typology, Factors, and Prospects
This article presents an inventory and a typology of the existing and emerging economic clusters in the coastal zone of the European part of Russia. The authors hold ... ... international markets, and better logistics and communications. The inhibitors comprise geopolitical risks and institutional barriers. It is shown that the potential and prospects... ... [Transboundary cluster formation in the coastal zones of the European part of Russia: factors, models, economic and telecommunication effects], Rostov-on-Don, 421 p. (in...
Western border regions of Russia: delimitation, structure, typology
This article is devoted to the western border regions of Russia, which play an important role in terms of history, geopolitics, geoeconomy, culture, and mindset. Relying on the interpretations of ‘border’, ‘frontier’, and ‘borderlands’, which are traditional ... ... focus is the structuring of border regions based on environmental, climatic, positional, political-territorial, resource and economic, settlement-related, and other factors. I provide a multi-criteria typology in view of the actual and potential effect of geopolitical and geoeconomic turbulence ...
Exclavity as a challenge and a resource for foreign positioning of the Kaliningrad region
The exclusive position of the Kaliningrad region is a fundamental geopolitical factor in its socio-economic and socio-cultural development. Given the region’s foreign positioning, exclavity ... ... possibilities and limitations of exclavity in overcoming foreign positioning of the region. The economic dependence of the Kaliningrad region on the federal government policies inside... ... cooperation benefits in the short and medium term. While the Kaliningrad region is secured geopolitically by the military superiority of the Russian state over a potential adversary...
Large business in the coastal zones of Russia: features and factors of localisation
... businesses’ industrial and regional priorities in the maritime economy and investigate how they are transformed under the influence of geopolitical and geo-economic factors. Amid active Eurasian integration, which includes the Greater Eurasia project, big businesses are spurring the development of maritime economic complexes and the formation of sea-land economic structures, including cross-border ones. The study identifies which ...
Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
... po prioritetnym vidam jekonomicheskoj dejatel'nosti [Scenario forecast of formation and use of labor resources of the Kaliningrad region, taking into account the relative... ... cost-effectiveness of different options for the development of the region in priority economic activities], 2014, Report on research work, Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant Baltic... ... 2010, The Kaliningrad dilemma: a 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea, Balt. Reg., no....
Recreational zoning of the territory of the Kaliningrad region
This article provides a detailed definition of the concepts of ‘tourist area demarcation’ and ‘tourist zoning’. The earlier proposed components of competitiveness index help identify four major groups of factors of recreation zone differentiation. The recreation zoning of the Kaliningrad region was carried out in view of the geopolitical position, development of tourist infrastructure, and current and potential tourist specialisation of municipalities.... ... Bertalanffy von. L. Zu einer allgemeinen Systemlehre // Biologia Generalis.1949. № 195. S. 114—129.
9. Pirozhnik I. I. Economic and geographic problems of formation of territorial recreational systems and recreational division into districts in ...
Russia’s Coastal Zone as a Social and Geographic Phenomenon: Conceptualisation and Delimitation
37. Topchiev, A. G., Polosa, A. I. 1987, Primorskie khozyaystvennye kompleksy: ponyatiyno-kontseptual'nyy analiz [Maritimes economic systems: concepts and conceptual analysis]. In: Primorskie regiony: geograficheskie i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problem, Vladivostok, p. 42—50.
38. Baklanov, P. Ya., Romanov, M. T. 2010, Geopoliticheskie faktory razvitiya transgranichnykh regionov [Geopolitical factors of development of cross-border regions], Tamozhennaya politika Rossii na Dal'nem Vostoke no. 2, p. 60—71.
Euroregions as a factor of successful international integration in modern conditions
... focuses on the correlation between the contemporary crisis phenomenon in the Eurozone and some CIS countries, and the existing Euroregions. We attempt to analyze the interdependence... ... of the qualitative aspect of cross-border relations of European countries with their economic sustainability in the context of regional international integration. The theoretical... ... Yu. V. 2009, Osobennosti geopoliticheskih processov v Central'noj
Evrope [Features geopolitical processes in Central Europe], Upravlencheskoe konsul'tirovanie [Management...
Transformation of global value chains in Russia and the Baltics amid Covid-19: prospects for regionalization and implications for economic policy
Although Russia and the Baltics have historically been economic partners, the economic relations between them are tense today. Nearly stagnating ... ... value chains (GVC) and operations of multinational companies is much more resistant to geopolitical and economic shocks than traditional international trade. In particular... ... 2014 did not curb GVC activities between Russia and the Baltics. The article discusses factors in the transformation of the Baltics-Russian GVCs amid COVID-19. The research...
The labour market of Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave amid Covid-19
... the consequences of Covid-19 for Russia’s Kaliningrad exclave and how its territorially isolated and lockdown-affected small ... ....2014.30
2. Fadda, S., Tridico, P. (eds.) 2016, Varieties of Economic Inequality, NY, Routledge.
3. Liotti, G. 2020, Labour ... ... cross-country flows of labor resources in the Kaliningrad region: factors and vectors in the contemporary Eurasian context, Vestnik ... ... geopolitiki [Kaliningrad region in the new coordinates of the Baltic geopolitics], Kaliningrad, IKBFU Publishing, p. 189—221 (in Russ....
The Baltic economic model: some results of the 1990—2015 transformations
... the Baltic States has been developing in the conditions of sovereignty, both de facto and de jure. This period has been sufficient to identify regular patterns in the national economic models. Studies into the nature of the economic development of the Baltic States... ... transformacij na postsovetskom prostranstve [The theory of modernization and socio-economic factors of democratization in the context of political transformations on the post-Soviet... ... Mezhevich, N. М. 1991, Geopoliticheskoe polozhenie Jestonskoj SSR: mify i real'nost' [The geopolitical position of the Estonian SSR: Myths and Reality]. In: Politicheskaja geografija...
Strategic development of a university in the Russian exclave
The article focuses on key characteristics of modern universities (global, scientific and entrepreneurial) ones. The authors discuss prospects of the strategic development ... ... pathways of transformation. Paris.
Malizia, E., Feser, E.
2000. Understanding local economic development. New Jersey.
Mohrmana, K., Ma, W., Baker, D.
2008. Higher... ... London.
Klemeshev Andrey, Gareev Timur
regional strategies, development corridor, geopolitical factor, Kaliningrad region, Baltic region
Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
... researchers in different fields. Yet the prospects for cooperation between the region and neighbouring communities in Poland and Lithuania, which once constituted an integrated social, economic and political space, remain unclear. Media analysts and scholars alike tend... ... the delapidated cross-border relations are rather subjective and lie in the field of geopolitical orientation, information and institutional policy, as well as persistent... ... http://search.worldbank.org/data?qterm=2263478 (accessed 16 August 2013).
4. PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $), 2013, World Bank Database, available at: http://search...
Opportunities for sustainable economic development of the coastal territories of the Baltic Sea Region in the context of digital transformation
The article explores opportunities for the sustainable economic development of coastal territories in the Baltic Sea region ... ... coastal territories, underpins the importance of the blue economy and highlights the role of digital transformation in reaching the ... ... strongholds of Russian coastal borderlands: economic dynamics amid geopolitical turbulence. Balt. Reg. 2020. vol. 12, no. 3, p. 89—104.... ....002.
16. Sokolovskaya, O. E. 2019, Various aspects of ecological factor influence on the formation of a region’s sustainable development,...
Opportunities and Challenges of Large Investment Projects in the New Economy: the Port of Ust-Luga
... mechanism for implementing large investment projects of crucial economic importance in the modern economic conditions characterized ... ... sanction policy of foreign states, limited public investment, and a mass exodus of foreign investors. An example of a large-scale ... ... also considers the challenges the project faces — unfortunate geopolitical situation, growing competition from other seaports,... ..., Faktory konkurentosposobnosti mezhdunarodnyh morskih portov [Factors of competitiveness of international seaports], Jekonomika ...
Interregional and cross-country flows of labor resources in the Kaliningrad region: factors and vectors in the contemporary Eurasian context
... article focuses on the urgent issues of the labour resourses repeoduction in the Kaliningrad region as a result of interregional and international labor migration for the last years. Reducing the number of own labor resources in changing external and internal ... ... analysis. The aim of the study is to analyze the position of the Kaliningrad region in the labor migration within the transforming geopolitical space. The article describes the regional labor market evolution under the influence of demographic and economic dynamics. The migration situation in the region has been thoroughly considered. It was revealed that, despite the fact ...
Social and Economic Space Compression in Border Areas: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
The so-called “compression” of social and economic space has been the subject of quite a few studies in the past decades. There ... ... Osnovnye faktory szhatija prostranstva i ih realizacija na primere Evropy [The main factors of compression of space and their implementation on the example of Europe].... .... 67—72.
28. Agnew, J. 2001, The new global economy: time — space compression, geopolitics, and global uneven development, Journal of world systems research, YII....
The Baltic Sea Region and the Black Sea Area: Two Pieces of the Same Puzzle
The Baltic Sea region and the Black Sea area are overlapping regions that have their own political, historical and cultural peculiarities. They belong to the same geopolitical system, within which they are developing two regional cooperation subsystems strongly influenced both by internal political and economic dynamics and by external actors. The aim of this research is to analyse the political and economic factors that influence the cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the Black Sea area ...
Cross-Border Tourist Routes: The Potential of Russia’s North- West
... available at:
12. Alexandrova, A. Yu. 2015, The Silk Road; the geopolitical, geographic and economic aspects of designing cross-border tourism route, Nauki o Zemle. Nauka. Innovacii. Tehnologii [Earth sciences. Science.... ... Technologies], no 2, p. 68—77. (in Russ.)
13. Andreev, V. A., Ostropol’tsev, S. Yu. 2016, International transportation routes as a factor of the trans-border clusters emergence. Тhe Territory Of New Opportunities, The Herald of Vladivostok State University ...
Communication of Covid-19 consequences in the Baltic States inforsphere
This article seeks to describe the dynamics of Covid-19 in the Baltic States and to analyse the ways of communicating the threat and its consequences. Particular ... ....1111/risa.12991
3. Stepanova, V. V., Sivobrova, I. A., Nikolaev, A. V. 2014, Risk Factors Assessment Model in the Regional Operational Management System, GISAP: Economics, Jurisprudence and Management, no. 7. doi:
9. Kretinin, G. V., Katrovskiy, A. P., Pototskaya, T. I., Fedorov, G. M. 2016, Geopolitical and geo-economic changes in the Baltic Sea Region at the turnoff the XX–XXI...
The development of the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad in changing geopolitical and geo-economic conditions (based on the GRP analysis)
The development of the Kaliningrad region, Russian exclave in the Baltic, is significantly influenced by foreign policy factors. The deterioration of relations between Russia and the West has led to a reduction in the region's economic ties with the neighbouring Baltic States. The coastal position ... ... обращения: 11.10.2020).
Fedorov G. M.
the Kaliningrad region, Russian exclave, gross regional product, geopolitical turbulence, economic development
Natural Increase in the Baltic South and South-West
... of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, West Pomeranian, Pomeranian, and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeships, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, ... ... D. Szymańska. Toruń, 2000. Р. 9—11.
30. Kuptsch Ch. The Economic Crisis and Labour Migration Policy in European Countries ... ... Р. 137—142.
50. Rauglaudre P. de. Russophones in Latvia: a geopolitical approach // Multicultural Regions and Cities. Region ... ... L. International cross-border migration in South-East Baltic: factors, structure, consequences // Baltic Region. 2010. № 4(6)....