The dynamics of development of cities and local budgets
... and Urals federal districts helps analyse the standing of large cities serving as “growth poles” identified with the help of two methodologies. The article offers a geographical analysis of three aspects of financial standing of municipalities:
financial independence, social orientation, territorial equity. The dynamic of development and financial standing are compared in order to identify the role of budgets in the development of cities (stimulating and inhibiting ones).
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The development of municipal authorities' financial independence
... which could level the differences in economic and social development of municipalities and solve the problem of stability and independence of local budgets.
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Mnatsakanyan A. G., Kokhan A. N.
local budgets, financial and economic bases of local government
Introducing Sectoral Models into Regional Management: An Assessment of Regulatory Impacts on the Economy
... decision-making and consequent actions should be based on the assessment of the impact of different groups of external, internal, and independent factors on value chains, based on the criterion of optimal factor income. In conclusion, the authors offer recommendations ... ... Ya. 2015, Global Value Chains: World Trends and the Russia’s Involvement, Vestnik Finansovogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Financial university], Vol. 1, no. 85, p. 83−96. (In Russ.)
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Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
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The synergy effect of economic metaphor in the interdiscursive space
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The system of financing political parties in Latvia
This article considers the mechanism of financing of political parties in the Republic of Latvia. The author analyses the participation of financial and economic groups in the country’s political life. Key business actors affecting the formation of Latvian political system are identified. It is concluded that, since regaining independence in 1991, business has been a principal source of financing for Latvian political parties. The scope of financing of political parties in the republic depends on the intensity of political struggle and increases in the period of election campaigns....
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
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The moving boundaries of news translation
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Valdeón, R.A., 2007. Ideological Independence or Negative Mediation: Bbc Mundo and Cnn En Español's (Translated) Reporting of Madrid's Terrorist Attacks. In: ...