Russian energy diplomacy and international energy security (geopolitics and economics)
This article considers national energy security as a component of foreign policy and diplomacy and analyses the current state of Russian energy policy, the role of Russia in global energy geopolitics and the factors affecting it. The author examines energy diplomacy as an instrument of foreign policy at both global and regional levels taking into account the changes in the corporate policy of energy companies.
EU — Russia energy cooperation: major development trends and the present state
The article analyzes the development of EU — Russia energy relations through the lens of the evolution of three parameters: the political agenda (the Energy Dialogue), the institutional structure, and the legal modalities. The identification of these three aspects for assessing the evolution of ...
Russia-EU energy efficiency cooperation in the Baltic region: the untapped potential
A stereotypical understanding of EU-Russia energy relations is often reduced to trade in oil and natural gas, which downplays the importance of energy efficiency ... ... Partnership for Modernisation. However, it lacks practical development, which relates to the instability of the legal environment in Russia, insufficient mechanisms of financial support for energy conservation projects and poor political support. Nevertheless,...
Global energy and environmental security in the current global economic crisis
This article considers the problems of the environmental impact of energy. Further reduction of this impact on the global environment can be achieved two ways. The ... ... Outsmarts China Alliance // Foreign Policy. 2006.
of the Global Energy Market
Russia in Global Affairs. 2007. № 1
Kosov Yuri, Mallon Vim ...
Russia’s energy geostrategy in the Baltic Sea region
This article explores Russian energy policy in the Baltic Sea region in the context of the world energy market globalization. The study focuses on the three Baltic States — Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia — ... ... the region as a whole is strongly influenced by the stability of energy supply in each state. The article analyses the role Russia plays in the energy policy of the region from both geopolitical and geostrategic viewpoints. The author identifies the ...
The features of EU energy strategy in the Baltic region
This article analyses the issues of EU energy policy in the 1990s-the beginning of the 2000s in order to identify the features of energy supply and energy safety ... ... market development. The research shows that most of the initiatives do not take into account the perspective and interests of Russia, which has a strong presence in the energy market. The analysis conducted will help the assessment of prospects of further ...
The creation of a common EU energy market: a quiet revolution with far-reaching consequences
... changes in the EU energy structure and legislation. The authors examine the main stages of the creation of a common energy market in the EU. They analyse recent actions taken... ... theoretical and practical consequences for the EU, as well as third countries, including Russia.
1. Braun, J. 2011, EU Energy Policy under the Treaty of Lisbon Rules: Between... ... 17 January 2013).
5. Vasconcelos, J. 2009, Energy regulation in Europe: regulatory policies and politics of regulation, European review of energy markets, Vol. 3, no....
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
This article analyses certain issues of implementation of Russian energy policy in the Baltic region fr om the geoeconomic perspective. The purpose of the study is ... ... prirodnye resursy [Geography and natural resources]. no. 2.
2. Lachininskii, S. S. 2012, Current trends in geoeconomic studies in Russia,Regional Research of Russia, Vol 2, Pleiades Publishing Ltd, p. 80—86, available at: http://link. springer. com/article/10....
Electric energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the role of Russia in it
... explores the existing undersea HVDC power exchange projects. It is emphasised that cooperation in the electric energy sector is concentrated largely in the EU member states despite earlier plans to establish the Baltic energy ring, which would also include Russia and Belarus. The author stresses that one of the most acute problems for the EU today is overcoming isolation of the energy systems of the Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia) from that of the major part of the EU. This task has become especially relevant after the closing of the Ignalina ...
Energy security in the scientific and institutional discourse in Russia and Poland: problems and solutions
This article examines fundamental and applied approaches to energy security. The authors explore differences and similarities in the views of scientists and politicians on the issue and analyse energy security policies pursued in Poland and Russia (the Kaliningrad region). On this basis, the authors propose rational principles for solving the problem of energy security in the region.
1. Ергин Д. Добыча: Всемирная история борьбы за нефть, деньги ...
Research and technology agreements in the Norwegian concession system of the 1970s—1990s
This article is devoted to research and technology agreements in Norway, and their positive impact on the development of relations with foreign oil and gas companies during the period of formation of the Norwegian oil and gas industry. Based on ... ... institutions, and foreign oil and gas companies, which would give an impetus to the development of the technological component of Russia’s oil and gas sector. Research and technology agreements have been used by Norwegians with the aim of diversification ...
Major infrastructure projects and the foreign policy of the Baltic states in 2010—2014
At the current stage of social development, particular attention is drawn to studies that assess major infrastructure — and thus political — projects ... ... their political motivation. It is concluded that the disregard of the factor of mutually beneficial economic cooperation with Russia destabilizes the development of national economic of the Baltic States. The author believes that modern infrastructure ...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
In the context of regional gas infrastructure development this paper considers the issue of energy ... ... the countries of East Baltic, which depend heavily on a single energy supplier — Russia. In recent years, the countries of the region have announced several LNG terminal... ... Action DG and Mobility and Transport DG, available at: http://ec. europa. eu/clima/policies/package/docs/ trends_to_2030_update_2009_en. pdf (accessed 25 December 2012)...
The prospects of nuclear power development in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea region as a factor of the formation of international relations system in the region
The current development of economic diplomacy in the world is determined by a combination of globalization and regionalization. In addition, it has an ... ... Baltic Sea is indicative of the effectiveness of political and economic cooperation in the region. The author believes that Russia and the three Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have the economic and technological opportunities for building ...
Competition and cooperation problems in the energy sector of the Baltic region
This article considers the problems of competition and cooperation in the field of energy in the Baltic region, first of all, those related to the export of Russian ... ... the construction of nuclear plants in Poland, the Kaliningrad region, Lithuania, and Belarus. The author shows that, though Russia and the EU occasionally pursue opposite goals, there is considerable interdependence between them, and a confrontation ...
Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
In 2013, Russia’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) soared and the OFDI stock exceeded $ 500 billion. However, a year later, Russia’s OFDI dropped by nearly 15 per cent. Rapid upward and downward swings make it necessary to analyze the motivation of Russian firms to invest abroad as well as to assess the impact of sanctions on Russian OFDI. The author points out that a significant part of Russia’s outward FDI stock is accounted for by the operations of Russian corporations in their home market....
The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
The aim of this article is to adjust the technique of comparing the standard of living in 11 ... .... 2012, How Capitalism Was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia, 2nd ed., New York, Cambridge University Press... ...
48. André, Ch., Chalaux, T. 2018, Building a typology of housing systems to inform policies in OECD and EU member States, Economie et Statistique / Economics and Statistics...
Forecasting Actions of Baltic elites: A Scenario Approach
This paper provides an overview of different approaches to forecasting the future of the three Baltic States. The author’s ... ... author pr ovides additional material for analysing possible developments in the domestic policies of the Baltic States in view of external factors.
1. Mezhevich N. M., 2014... .... Reg., no 1, p. 7—28. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-1.
2. Mezhevich, N. M. 2015, Russia and the Baltic States: Some Results and a Few Perspectives, Balt. Reg., no. 2...
Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
This article presents a modern interpretation of the concept of ‘geoeconomic situation’ as applied to one of the most important centers of the Baltic region — the St.... ... industrialization and space polarization, which creates additional prerequisites for the inversion of the Russian economic space — ‘Russia of the physical space’ and ‘the economic space of Russia’. The study uses traditional methodology of economic geography ...
Lithuania's Lonely Leadership 2.0.
The article scrutinizes Lithuanian foreign policy within the framework of the regional leadership concept first introduced in the early 2000s. The reasons of failure of the first leadership attempt ... ... European-style reform (where Lithuania is a selfproclaimed expert) even less relevant, and confrontational rhetoric towards Russia may lead to economic losses and contribute to rising political tension in the region.
1. Brunalas, B. 2011, Liderstvo ...
Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region: a treacherous path to partnership
This article examines policies of Moscow and Brussels in the Baltics since the launch of the European Union’s Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region in June 2009. An increase in the efficiency of Russia’s policy in the region requires not only the development of bilateral relations with the region’s countries but also a dialogue with the European Union, the key player in the Baltic. The author identifies Russian economic, military, political,...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
International cluster is a relatively new form of spatial organisation of economy in the globalisation conditions, which has become ... ... Federation and the European Union], Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant State University of Russia, 392 p.
3. Leading web platform for European clusters, 2013, available at:... ... Minjekonomrazvitija RF ot 26 dekabrja 2008 № 20636-AK/d19 [Guidelines for implementing cluster policies in the Russian Federation.
Approved by Ministry of Economic Development 26...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
The shipbuilding industry clusters in the Eastern Baltic Sea region, i. e. Estonia, Finland and North-West Russia, may benefit significantly from increased mutual cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters are still poorly developed. The aim of this article is to analyse the preconditions for cluster internationalization between these clusters, which are rather different but complementary in terms of skills. The research material for this desk study was collected from various sources, including ...
Current trends in the development of a green finance system: methodology and practice
The concept of green growth and sustainable development is turning into a global ideology guiding ... ... explore the possibility of translating the Baltic experience into practices usable in Russia. The research uses economic observations, economic description, structural and... ... investments and tackling climate-related financial risks: Which role for macroprudential policies? Ecological Economics, no. 160, p. 25—37. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.01...
Cultural types and the perception of current environmental risks by local communities of the Baltic Sea region
This work presents findings from research into the relationship between the structural organisation and cultural attitudes of local communities in the Baltic Sea region and the way they perceive environmental risks. The response of the Kaliningrad community ... ... West, J., Swartling, A. G. 2011, Adaptive capacity determinants in developed states: examples from the Nordic countries and Russia, Regional Environmental Change, no. 11, p. 579—592. doi:
5. Jacobsen, K....
Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region
This article offers a comprehensive definition of international, cross-border, and transnational clusters. The author presents a classification of international clusters of ... ... formation of industrial complexes in terms of economic stability in the region], Menedzhment v Rossii i za rubezhom [Management in Russia and abroad], no. 3, p. 76—86.
22. Yermolenko, V. V. 2010, Intellektual'nye resursy i mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v ...
The historical aspects and current issues of the development of Russian-Lithuanian economic relations
This article focuses on development of Russian-Lithuanian economic ties. The research and practical significance of this study lies in the identification of the sources ... ... formation of territory and population of Lithuania. historical Overview], Kaliningrad, Izdatelstvo Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
4. Navickas, К. 1970, Litva i Antanta (1918—1920) [Lithuania and the Entente (1918—1920).], Vilnius, Mintis.
Developing geotourism with a focus on geoheritage in a transboundary region: the case of the Curonian Spit, a UNESCO site
... has received special attention amid international travel restrictions. The conflict between the conservation and economic use of these territories is increasing. This work aims to find ways to optimise and modernise environmental outreach and recreation ... ... ru/article/n/geopark-kak-novoe-napravlenie-razvitiya-turizma-v-gornyh-rayonah-altayskogo-kraya (accessed 10.04.2021) (In Russ.).
16. Ruban, D. A. 2017, Unique centers of geodiversity in Russia: some organizational and legal issues. In: Ruban, D. A. (ed.) Sovremennye problemy prava, economiki i upravlenijz, no. ...