Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
In 2013, Russia’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) soared and the OFDI stock exceeded $ 500 billion. However, a year later, Russia’s OFDI dropped by nearly 15 per cent. Rapid upward and downward swings make it necessary to analyze the motivation of Russian firms to invest abroad ...
The role of the European Central Bank in ensuring the financial stability of the EU
... and the centralized supervision of the banking sector of the Member States of the eurozone with supervisory powers transferred to the European Central Bank in accordance with Article 127 (6) of the Treaty on the functioning of the EU. Secondly, the direct recapitalization of banks from the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF), established under the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) based on the Treaty, signed a few months earlier — February 2, 2012. The fulfilment of these obligations ...
The international legal regulation of the status of voluntary human shields
... cases of use of human shields by the parties of armed conflict justifies the conclusion that these persons are a sui generis case and should be regarded as an exception to a number of general rules. As a result, they should not be classified as taking a direct part in hostilities and must be treated according to the principle of proportionality provided that the permissible level of excessiveness of collateral damage can be lowered.
участи раненых и больных ...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
... using IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook data for 55 countries in the estimation sample. This unique research applies a Multinomial Logistic procedure, and a Heckman Two-Step procedure in its accountancy for market size, exports, openness, and foreign direct investment. The business environment factors for estimation are highlighted. Also, several macro-economic modifications of the basic model specification are tested, providing further empirical analysis. Results indicate that the ten most competitive ...
Foreign direct investment in North-West Russia
This article considers the socioeconomic characteristics of foreign direct investment and identifies the features of investment activities with foreign capital participation in the exclave region. The author analyses the dynamics of foreign direct investment inflow to the regions of North-West Russia and the industries ...
The organisational and economic mechanism for attracting direct foreign investment at the regional level
This article considers the aspects of foreign investment in the region on the basis of a study into the dynamics of foreign direct investment (FDI) and their role in regional economy. The author proposes a model of regional development concept based on FDI attraction.
1. Официальный сайт Правительства Калининградской области....
Framework for the Analysis of Geography of Transnational Corporations Investments Abroad
This article develops a methodology for studying the geography of companies — an area of human geography that remains understudied in Russia. The authors refer to foreign direct investment (FDI) studies to stress the importance of analysing individual transnational corporations. Special attention is paid to FDI statistics, including international statistics provided by IMF, OECD, and UNCTAD, the official data of central ...
Model evaluation of the directed properties of rectangular loops
Model evaluation of the directed properties of rectangular loops with different form coefficient is carried out on the basis of theoretical approach, developed by authors. Comparison of the received results with known experimental values of the studied parameters for Pistolkors’s ...
Foreign nationals on the Boards of Directors of Russia’s Ten Largest Non-Financial Companies Investing Overseas
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Transborder corporate integration in the Baltic Sea Region
The paper examines flows of foreign direct investment within the Baltic region. The author demonstrates close investment ties among the EU members, which are of special importance for Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Transborder corporate integration in the region is characterized by significant ...
Borrowed speech in a written text
This article focuses on the problem of forms of including borrowed speech into a written text. The author corrects the established interpretation of direct speech, gives a detailed description of citation as a syntactic phenomenon, and offers its classification.
1. Вернадский В. И. Избранные труды по истории науки. М., 1981.
2. Волошинов В. Философия ...
Estimation of Target Elevation Angles in Meter Radars
The problem of estimating the angles of the target location in the radar meter wave range, associated with the interference of direct and reflected from the earth's surface waves. In the area of small site angles, the directional patterns for the forward and reflected waves merge together and significantly distort the estimates of the target site angles. The possibility of ...
Household management as seen by the federal military personnel during the American Civil War
... concerning the economic well-being of their families. These statements were put into the context of a soldier’s or officer’s rank in the family hierarchy and their antebellum economic activities. The main results are following. Firstly, the direct control over the family economics took forms of the real estate purchase and direct instructions concerning family business. It is worthy to note that there is a direct correlation between the serviceman’s place in the family and the width ...
Legal aspects of the EU policy on irregular immigration
....eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2001:0672: FIN:EN:PDF, (accessed 25.08.2015).
8. Proposal for a comprehensive plan to combat illegal immigration and trafficking of human beings in the European Union, 2002, Official Journal C, no. 142, 14.06.2002.
9. Council Directive 2002/90/EC of 28 November 2002 defining the facilitation of unauthorised entry, transit and residence, 2002, Official Journal L, no. 328, 5.12.2002, p. 17–18.
10. 2002/946/JHA: Council framework Decision of 28 November 2002 on the strengthening ...
The evaluation of thermal conductivity coefficient in vertical direction at mat coat f the Baltic Sea
The article provides the example of an evaluation of thermal conductivity in vertical direction under the data of field observations in
the coastal waters of Sambia peninsula is considered. The calculation of volume absorption of solar radiation is made.
Д., Залогин Г.
The Legal Regulation of the EU Immigrant Integration Policy
... (дата обращения: 05.05.2018).
15. Council conclusions of the Justice and Home Affairs Council of 5—6 June 2014. URL:
(дата обращения: 10.05.2018).
16. Council Directive 2003/109/EC of 25 November 2003 concerning the status of third-country nationals who are long-term residents // Official Journal of the European Union. L 16. 23.01.2004. P. 44—53.
17. Council Directive 2003/86/EC of 22 September 2003 on the ...
The designing of professionally directed teaching materials in the course of “Foreign language” as pedagogical means of increasing motivation of future psychologists
... possibilities of the course «foreign language» in a context of the professional education of future psychologists are considered in the article. As pedagogical means of increasing motivation of future psychologists the designing of professionally directed teaching materials is proposed.
1. Зеер Э.
Ф., Павлова А.
М., Сыманюк Э.
Модернизация профессионального образования: компетентностный подход: ...
Parallel displacements of directions on the Grassmann-like manifold of centered planes
In projective space the Grassmann-like manifold of centered planes is considered. Parallel displacements of directions on this manifold are studied.
1. Белова О. О. Связность в расслоении, ассоциированном с грассманоподобным многообразием центрированных плоскостей ...
The semantic category of affectedness and its syntactic realisation
This article deals with affectedness, a semantic category which underlies particular syntactic phenomena determining syntactic rules and tendencies but having no morphological markers, not unlike other covert categories. It is relevant to direct object selection in various languages, be-passives and getpassives in English, some types of impersonal sentences in Russian, etc.,which reflects general typological patterns.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Введение // Логический ...
Another Critical Idealism of Hermann Cohen
... course of making judgments. Judgment determines the ratio between two different concepts; therefore, Cohen defines judgment as an act of ‘separation’ and ‘association’. This means that the judgment is an act of generation through the variable directions of separation and association. Thus, the Marburg philosopher defines discursive thinking as a correlation between separation and association. Therefore, discursive thinking can be defined as the penetration and preservation of the direction ...
Theoretical and methodological problems of tax-related budget set-tlement in the Russian Federation
... traditional sources of tax reimbursement: revenue, expenses, financial result (pre-tax profit, taxable profit, retained earnings). Under these conditions, it is hardly possible to estimate unambiguously the tax burden on the taxpayer's activities. Moreover, direct by their economic nature taxes are subject to indirect taxation.
1. Налоговый кодекс РФ. Ч. 1 от 31 июля 1998 года № 146-ФЗ. [Электронный ресурс]. Доступ из справ.-правовой ...
Socio-psychological factors provoking aggression in adolescents
... socio-psychological factors among adolescents aged 12—16. The study group included 109 teenagers of 12—16 age group — 60 girls and 49 boys who live in Zhytomyr. The research relied on the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ) and the questionnaire Direction of Aggression in Adolescents, which was designed by E. K. Ageenkova, M. V. Tarasova and P. M. Larionov. The study analysed gender aspects of aggression and the focus of aggression among adolescents in connection with frustrating factors that ...
Contacts with Diasporas and Diaspora Organisations as a Key to a Successful Migrant Integration Policy in the EU
We analyse European Commission and European Parliament documents — directives, communications, conclusions, recommendations — and best practices for EU member states’ international projects focusing on migrant integration in both the EU states and the countries of origin. Special emphasis is placed on the role of ...
On the illocutionary “responsibility” of the author in a dramatic paratext
This article deals with the heterogeneity of author's illocutionary intentions in the process of creating a dramatic paratext. It is suggested that the pragmatic orientation of typologically different paratextual structures can be purely directive (prescriptive) as well as narrative, which emphasizes the transgenre character of paratext. The article addresses the specific features of implementation of the extradiegetic author category in drama on a paratextual level, as well as its role ...
Russia-EU energy efficiency cooperation in the Baltic region: the untapped potential
... and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, 8 March, 2011, “Energy Efficiency Plan”, 2011, COM, no. 109 final, available at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=COM:2011:
0109:FIN:EN:PDF (accessed 11.09.2013).
13. Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council, 25 October 2012, “On Energy Efficiency, Amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and Repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC (2012/27/EU)’ (2012/27/EU), available at: http://eur-lex....
The dynamics of the world market of gold in the context of the present pulse geopolitical processes. Part 1. Introduction to the problem
The article is devoted to the analysis of the behaviour of bidders in the global gold market affected by short-term and medium-term geopolitical disturbances. The direction, volume, speed and time range of investments in gold are determined depending on the nature of geopolitical threats. Based on non-economic factors, the author reveals the main patterns of making trivial and non-trivial decisions on investing ...
Training of Students of Nautical Directions in the Field of Information Security
... и науки РФ от 15 марта 2018 г. № 193. Доступ из справ.-правовой системы «Гарант».
Zhestovsky A. G.
safety of navigation, information security of navigation, competence formation, seaworthy directions of training
Peculiarities of zooplankton succession depending on the landscape and the genesis of the lake basin (on ex-ample of some lakes of the Pskov Oblast)
... materials, this article characterises the zooplankton of three large lakes of similar age and origin found at different trophic stages and in different landscapes of the Pskov region. It is shown that the structural features of the organization and direction of succession of zooplankton communities are directly dependent on the landscape and genesis of the lake basin and, in their turn, can be used as an indicator of the successional stage of the aquatic ecosystem.
1. Абросов В. Н. Зональные ...
Cross-border Cooperation as a Mechanism of Regional Marketing in the Baltic Region
The article offers a pragmatic approach to certain aspects of cross-border regionalisation. The marketing component of Euroregion development and the implementation of cross-border cooperation projects are considered as key directions of the joint activity of cross-border partner-regions. The authors analyse the opportunity to apply the territory brand model to research on the mechanisms of cross-border cooperation and to the elaboration of an efficient development strategy ...
On the speech-act nature of the verbal threat.
... act theory. We identify the major content-related components of utterances containing threats and explain how they differ from commissive acts. We conclude that the speech act of threat is a synthetic speech-act structure, whose core element is directive and whose auxiliary element commissive.
1. Апресян В. Ю. Компьютерная лингвистика и интеллектуальные технологии. М., 2003. С. 32—35
2. Вендлер 3. Иллокутивное ...
Construction of transport and energy networks in the Baltic region as an impetus for regional development
... February 2011, available at: http://www.gasum.com/gasnetwork/Documents/Balticconnector%20-%20Executive%20Summary%20Report%20-%2010022011.pdf (accessed 11 March 2013).
7. Cohesion Policy 2014—2020: Investing in growth and jobs, 2011, Luxembourg.
8. Directive 2009/73/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas and repealing Directive 2003/55/EC, 2009, Official Journal of the European Union, 14.8.2009, available at: ...
How to extract formulas from Pascal's triangle to find all primes
... the existence of an infinite set of numerical properties of a right-angled Pascal triangle is confirmed and the main results of finding its numerical discriminant are given. Exactly, the numerical properties of the truncated Pascal triangle for the direct finding of all primes are found.
Sherban V. L.
Pascal triangle, Fibonacci numbers, prime numbers, recurrent sequences
The Belarus Business Environment as Assessed by the Management of Leading Finnish Companies Operating in the Country
10. Ministry of the Economy of the Republic of Belarus, 2013, Revera Consulting Group, Doing Business in Belarus, available at: http://www.economy.gov.by/dadvfiles/001713_783132_Doing_Business_ENG.pdf (accessed 12.08.2014).
11. Foreign direct investments, National Bank of the Republic of Belarus, vailable at: http://www.nbrb.by/engl/statistics/ForeignDirectInvestments/ (accessed 22.09.2014).
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13. Opros “Delovoy ...
Paul Natorp’s social pedagogic theory and it’s relevance to modern russian education
... defined by several key factors. The first one is Natorp’s dependency on legacy of Plato, J. Pestalozzi and I. Kant, while second deals with his critic of fundamental grounds of dominant contemporary pedagogical system. The major Natorp’s objection was directed against positioning psychology at the basis of a pedagogical theory. In principle this point of critique was matter of continuation of much broader debate between Neo- Kantianism and Positivism which for this time took place on pedagogical “territory”....
The evaluation of recreation activity on the Vistula spit
The article presents the results of the analysis of intensity, saturation and direction of recreational streams on the Vistula spit. The basic kinds of recreational occupations and their influence on the natural complexes of the Vistula spit are considered. The article also provides the analysis of natural complex conditions changing ...
On the prospects of cooperation between Russian and Lithuanian innovative sectors
... 2007. Statistical theory of simplex search. Vilnius.
45. Baublys, A. 2007. Interface of transport modes. Vilnius.
46. Giardino, C. (et al.). 2010. Oceanologia, № 52 (2), pp. 197—210.
47. Olenin, S. (et al.). 2010. Marine Strategy Framework Directive. Task Group 2 Report. Non-indigenous species. Luxembourg, Communities.
48. Olenin, S. (et al.). 2010. Pathways of Aquatic Invasions in Europe. In: Atlas of Biodiversity Risk. Sofia, pp. 138—139.
49. Olenin, S. (et al.). 2010. Newsletter ...
Influence of hematopoietic growth factors on the activation status and functional activity of human T-lymphocytes
The authors present the results of a study proving a direct effect of GM-CSF and Epo on the functional activity and activation status of T-cells in varying degrees of differentiation. The obtained data demonstrate immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory properties of Epo and CSF-GM. The study shows the direct ...
Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
.... 2004, Polskie prawo konstytucyjne. Zarys wykładu, Warszawa.
6. Grodzki, R. 2009, Polska polityka zagraniczna w XX i XXI wieku. Główne kierunki — fakty — ludzie — wydarzenia [Poland’s foreign policy in the 20th and 21st century. The main directions — facts — people — events], Zakrzewo.
7. Grzybowski, M. 2004, Role ustrojowe Prezydenta RP w kontekście członkostwa w Unii Europejskiej [Constitutional roles of President of Poland in the context of membership in European Union], ...
Variability of climatic characteristics оver the South-East Baltic coastal waters in the early XXI century
The study is focused on features of hydrometeorological conditions in the southeastern Baltic Sea and their trends assessment for 2005—2019 (climatic half period). The authors used the data from field observations of atmospheric pressure, wind direction and speed, and air temperature from the automatic hydrometeorological station located offshore, as well as the satellite data from the infrared and microwave (radar images) ranges to determine sea ice and sea surface temperature, respectively....
Model studies of the optimization procedure for the design parameters of the log-periodic C-band antenna
5. Проектирование полосковых устройств СВЧ : учебное пособие. Ульяновск, 2001.
Volkhonskaya E., Nikishin M.
logoperiodic antenna, optimization, design parameters, symmetrical vibrators, directional diagram
The image of river in A. Ivanov’s novel The gold of revolt: the linguistic aspect
This article considers the image of the river Chusovaya, which is directly connected to the idea of space and road in A. Ivanov’s fictional world. The Chusovaya is not only a place but also a character of the novel.
: Чусовая. СПб., 2007.
Numerical modelling of overburden rehandling by draglines
Statement of two direct problems of numerical modeling for the simple one-pass overburden rehandling systems and the complicated multiple-pass overburden rehandling systems and one return statement of problem of numerical modeling (for the complicated double-pass systems) ...
The pedagogical dimension of the professional training of mid-level technical specialists
This article emphasizes the need to develop the pedagogical dimension of training of mid-level technical specialists. The author identifies and characte-rizes the three basic directions in the formation of the given professional qual-ity.
Н., Матросов П.
Г., Каплин С.
Основы общей и профессиональной педагогики : учеб. пособие ...
The development of emotional culture in primary school children
Психологическая культура человека: теоретические основы и методика формирования. Саранск, 2007.
Romanova O. M.
emotional culture, primary school children, directions of emotional culture development,
experiment, diagnostics of emotional culture.
On the author’s speech structure of Kant’s axiological discourse
The major difference between Kant's axiological and cognitive discourse is that the former contains a greater number of personal pronouns that signify different speech roles of the author. This text is characterised by a more direct expression of the addressee factor, which explains the emergence of the speech acts that are absent in Kant's cognitive texts. Another substantial difference is the explicit imperative modality of this type of Kant's texts.
1. Kant I. Grundlegung ...
Perspective heat supply operation buildings of multiple parameters
A promising concept for managing the work of heat-paragraph shall ated microdistrict from several houses is described. The possibility of an adaptive optimal control of several parameters — temperature, ambient air, the dynamics of change, direction and speed of wind, sun exposure facade.
1. Вольвач А. Ю., Нестеров С. В., Толстель О. В. Нечеткое управление системой отопления многоквартирного дома. // Обозрение ...
The role of mass media and PR in social work
This article describes the main directions of cooperation between social workers and mass media. The author shows the role of mass media in social problems.
Основы рекламы. М.; Ростов н/Д, 2005.
On the question of increasing the range properties of an asymmetric vibrator
... the effects of the electromotive force generator on the capacitive and inductive components of the antenna system are considered.
Kuzelev A. A., Ponymatkin V. E., Shpilevaya S. G., Popov A. A.
pin antenna, range properties, wave resistance, directional diagram, physical model of the antenna, inter-turn capacitance, linear inductive resistance
Zur Subjekt-Redestruktur des axiologischen Diskurses von I. Kant
The major difference between Kant's axiological and cognitive discourse is that the former contains a greater number of persona pronouns that signify different speech roles of the author. This text is characterised by a more direct expression of the addressee factor, which explains the emergence of the speech acts that are absent in Kant's cognitive texts. Another substantial difference is the explicit imperative modality of this type of Kant's texts.
1. Арутюнова ...