Competitive effects of low trade barriers: evaluations for the Kaliningrad region
International trade is an important factor affecting competition in domestic markets. Considering the vastness of Russian territory, one can expect the pro-competitive effect to vary from region to region. This analysis tests the hypothesis that the unique geographical position and economic status of the ...
Competitiveness of the region: content, factors, policies
The article describes a framework conception of regional competitiveness. The notion of regional competitiveness as well as approaches to the classification of competitiveness factors are considered in detail. The author elaborates a set of indicators of regional competitiveness. The article also dis-cusses ...
Socially efficient entry barriers?
Stagnation of the Russian economy lends a new urgency to the question of whether reserves of competition incentives can be used to overcome the current negative economic tendencies. The lowering of entry barriers is traditionally considered a universal instrument of promoting competition. However, lower entry barriers can be mistakenly associated ...
Country Competitiveness: an Empirical Study
What makes countries competitive? What economic policies effectively influence country competitiveness? The aim of this research paper is to analyse country competitiveness empirically, in order to explore the factors that make countries competitive. This can allow governments to structure their business ...
The role of International trade in improving the competitiveness of Saint Petersburg
This article aims to explore the prospects for the development of international trade and the impact of trade on increasing competitiveness of Saint Petersburg. To this end, the authors study the theoretical aspects of regional competitiveness as such, analyse the ten years’ data on the city’s international trade, and explore the significance of image, reputation, and ...
Cluster policy as a mechanism to increase regional competitiveness
Today, cluster policy is the most efficient tool to improve the competitiveness of territory economies. International practice offers a wide range of cluster policies. This article discusses different approaches to classification of cluster policies and emphasizes the advantages of cluster policy for achieving regional strategic goals.
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Network Transformations in Economy
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The Institutional Architecture of Territorial Innovative Systems: Towards a Spatially Targeted Regional Policy
The uniqueness of a territorial socio-economic system lies in the specific features of spatial networking of economic entities that form clusters of excellence and ensure the competitiveness of the entire system. Identifying the key elements of territorial capital is a global challenge faced by modern regional policy. I analyse the background for, and limits to, the development of a spatially targeted regional development ...
Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
... 2010, The Kaliningrad dilemma: a 'development corridor' or a 'double periphery'? The geopolitical factor of the development of the Russian exclave on the Baltic Sea, Balt. Reg., no. 2, p. 4—12. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2010-2-1.
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Identifying Key Stakeholder Groups for Implementing a Place Branding Policy in Saint Petersburg
Regional brands have become a valuable intangible asset and a crucial competitive resource for forging partnerships. An effective place branding policy is impossible without a precise understanding of the interests of stakeholder groups. It is essential to realize that each region is unique in its own way. Territories differ ...
The creation of a common EU energy market: a quiet revolution with far-reaching consequences
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The boundaries of the territorial community
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Key Directions of Sectoral and Spatial Changes in the Russian Industry
... industry is associated with the introduction of mechanisms of industrial integration structures using single organizational production modules capable of rational combination and transformation of the elements of national production structure to create competitive transnational production associations, such as clusters and other production forms serving as ‘growth poles’ and becoming elements of the emerging framework for national production. This methodology makes it possible to develop new approaches,...
Opportunities and Challenges of Large Investment Projects in the New Economy: the Port of Ust-Luga
... multimodal complex — the commercial seaport of Ust-Luga. This is one of the most recent large projects in seaport infrastructure development. This article estimates the project’s significance for the development of the Baltic region and presents a competitive analysis of the seaport position in comparison to the largest European ports. The authors analyze the strengths of the seaport construction project, namely, the favorable natural environment and climate, advantageous geographical position,...
In pursuit of an innovation development trajectory of the Kaliningrad region
Amid growing inter-state competition, national innovation policies are increasingly seeking to promote the development of regional innovation systems to intensify innovative processes and to enhance the economic competitiveness of territories. An efficient regional innovation policy requires a territorial adaptive ...
The innovative process in the Baltic Sea region
In order to maintain its global competitiveness in the future, the Baltic Sea region (BSR) needs to preserve and improve its technological capability and innovativeness. This article focuses on innovations in the Baltic Sea region, particularly on external innovation drivers and innovation ...
The dynamics of agricultural land use in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
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Clusters in the system of economic and innovation development of agriculture in the Rostov Region and the Krasnodar Region
The issue of regional development involves the study of growth drivers in a competitive, innovative and open environment. In these conditions, cluster forms of integration are considered as centers of economic and innovative regional development. The article examines a specialized agro-industrial complex that is developing ...
Trade Liberalisation and its Impact on Regional Development: Theoretical and Experimental Studies
... associated with lower cost of access to international markets. Thirdly, the analysis of regions having different industrial specialisatio n suggests that expanding international trade contributes to higher growth rates in the regions, having globally competitive national industries. The conclusions presented in this article can be used for formulating an industrial policy and a regional development policy for both small export-oriented economies, namely, the Baltic Sea states, and larger economies ...
Equivocality in Delineating the Borders of a Cluster: The Baltic’s Case
... into the global economic system has created a need for a spatially targeted regional policy as a means of boosting national competitiveness. The regional polarisation approach, which seeks to create new and support the existing nodes of a regional economic ... ... study for testing our model. Latvia’s mature IT-cluster is an important national growth point. Regional and industry-specific policies should consider the differences between the cluster’s geographical and non-geographical boundaries.
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
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Transformation of global value chains in Russia and the Baltics amid Covid-19: prospects for regionalization and implications for economic policy
... global trends towards GVC transformation in the industries in which Russia and the Baltics traditionally specialise; (2) as a response to the long-term structural challenges faced by Russia and the Baltics in creating a new generation of internationally competitive firms; (3) as a result of companies tackling the effects of the pandemic against the background of historically stable relationships; (4) as a product of strong social contacts and soft power. GVC regionalisation will be driven by individual ...
The principles of tariff policy and the objectives of economic growth promotion
This article considers the tariff policy issues serving as the focus of economic discussions, since their solution has a profound effect on the opportunities of the country’s economic development. The tariff policy problems impair the efficiency and competitiveness of national business and lower living standards. The government declares its readiness to limit the growth of tariffs, which, however, suggests “manual operation” and stopgap measures. The author emphasizes the need to reconsider the ...
Clusters in the institutional perspective: on the theory and methodology of local socioeconomic development
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clusters, mesoeconomics, mesoeconomic system, regional development
Tools for developing and implementing the innovative policy of a region
This article focuses on the tools of development and introduction of innovation policy at the mesolevel, which serves as an integral part of the innovation policy of a state and the driving force of regional competitiveness. The author presents the results of innovative activity ranking of Russian regions, pays attention to the innovative potential of the Kaliningrad region, and considers the decisions of public authorities and the recent developments in ...
Saint Petersburg as a Global Coastal City: Positioning in the Baltic Region
... its transport, logistics, and demographic potential and the advantageous geo-economic situation. St. Petersburg has certain competitive advantages in the region brought about by its demographic potential, port freight capacity, and the favorable geo-economic ... ... through the Pulkovo airline hub and seaports of Ust-Luga, Primorsk, and Saint Petersburg.
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Competition and cooperation problems in the energy sector of the Baltic region
This article considers the problems of competition and cooperation in the field of energy in the Baltic region, first of all, those related to the export of Russian oil and oil products, the Nord Stream gas pipeline, and the construction of nuclear plants in Poland, the Kaliningrad region,...
Evolution of International Research Cooperation models in the Contemporary Foreign Policy Environment
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universitetov Rossii sredi mirovyh nauchno-obrazovatel'nyh centrov» [Order of the Government of the Russian Federation on October 29, 2012 №2006-p "On approval
of the action plan for the development and competitiveness of the leading universities of Russia among the world's scientific and educational centers"], 2012.
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Innovative economy in the Baltic Sea region
... in the field of advanced technologies, and the methods of public support. Examples of private-public infrastructure for the implementation of innovative projects are offered.
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The role of brand ecosystem in solving the tasks of hi-tech product marketing
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Forecasting Actions of Baltic elites: A Scenario Approach
... role of political elites in it. The author pr ovides additional material for analysing possible developments in the domestic policies of the Baltic States in view of external factors.
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On Sources and Mechanisms of Coastal Area Self-development
... internal catalyst of regional economic development is entrepreneurship functioning on the basis of genetic-cultural determination. The author comes to the conclusion that an efficient regional economic policy aimed at the increase in the region’s competitiveness should rest, first of all, on the development of intellectual capital and the corresponding human capital, the revival and strengthening of the economic role of technocracy and small innovative enterprises.
The creation of a competitive investment climate in Russia as a basis for modernisation: the legal aspects
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competitiveness, investment climate, negative factors
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
... Moscow, Ministerstvo jenergetiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation], available at: http://minenergo. gov. ru/upload/iblock/d6f/d6fb1b2ad5fa7be6db 40215f7bc3 e5b6.pdf (accessed 20 March 2013).
17. Zverev, Yu. M. 2010, Competition and cooperation problems in the energy sector of the Baltic region, Balt. Reg., no. 1(3), p. 31—40. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2010-1-5, available at: http://journals. kantiana. ru/upload/iblock/fb2/Zverev%20Yuri_31—40.pdf (accessed 10 March ...
Introducing Sectoral Models into Regional Management: An Assessment of Regulatory Impacts on the Economy
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The Development of International Tourism in Lithuania: a Comparative Analysis of Regional Aspects
... The increasing tourist and recreational attractiveness of such cities as Druskininkai, Trakai, Palanga, Vilnius, and Klaipeda to international tourists, as well as an advantageous quality-price ratio of the services offered contribute to the growth of competitiveness on the international tourism market. Service standards applied in Lithuania at the international tourism market uphold and improve the image of Lithuania in the Baltic Sea region. The interregional cooperation between Lithuania, Latvia,...
Russian soft power in the Baltic States through the lens of research: traditions, competition, confrontation
In this article, we aim to analyse the research discourse in the Baltic countries (Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania) as regards Russian soft power, which is considered as hard power, and to compare the theses that dominate this discourse with the actual interactions between Russia and the three states in media, education, and culture. Each Baltic country has built a system of political and legal restrictions to diminish the effect of Russian soft power, which is considered in terms of hard power, i...
The alignment of stakeholders’ interests in interfirm networking
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Key Strategies of Development of Research Tools and Methods for Marine Spatial Planning
... different governing bodies in this new field of administrative activity.
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Energy security in the scientific and institutional discourse in Russia and Poland: problems and solutions
... authors explore differences and similarities in the views of scientists and politicians on the issue and analyse energy security policies pursued in Poland and Russia (the Kaliningrad region). On this basis, the authors propose rational principles for solving ... ... распоряжением Правительства Российской Федерации от 13 ноября 2009 г. № 1715-р.
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Kaliningrad region: coastal position as a geographical factor of economic development
... indirect positive impact on the sectoral structure and the pace of economic growth. The role of the borderline situation is ambivalent: if the relations with neighboring countries and the EU as a whole are favorable, then cross-border links that promote competitiveness and socio-economic development of the border regions also develop. If, as of the beginning of 2018, there are problems in mutual relations, both sides suffer economic losses, and their competitors win. In general, the economy of the Kaliningrad ...
Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region
... 2, 88 p, available at: http://files.conferencemanager.dk/medialibrary/04d6301d-b532-4d77-9d6f-90a7e38fc1db/images/Upd ated_Report_Clusters_are_individuals_Vol._II.pdf (accessed 16 December 2012).
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The features of EU energy strategy in the Baltic region
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The research and technology development in Lithuania and the prospects of research and technology cooperation between Lithuania and the Russian Federation
This article focuses on the present state and prospects of research and technology development in Lithuania. The authors focus on the main competitive innovation spheres (information technologies, biotechnologies, special purpose laser technologies) and analyse the principal lines of innovation policy and strategy. The article presents the results of a SWOT analysis of Lithuanian innovation ...
Empirical results on Russian companies' innovation activity
Innovation is a vital process for countries striving to evolve and occupy a competitive position in international markets. This paper is based on research designed to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the national innovation system in Russia. The objective of the study was to examine innovation activity and innovation ...
Development of the Olympic movement in the early 20th century in Germany
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physical education, sports, Olympic movement, sports competition, German athletes
Innovation performance of Russia’s Northwestern regions: a comparative evaluation
Innovative activities underpin the economic development and competitiveness of Russian regions. This article seeks to compare the innovation performance of Russia’s north-western regions, which are among the most progressive in the country, and their available resource. A review of the literature suggests that ...
Territorial differences in the attitudes to the migration crisis in Germany: The political aspect
... immigrants. The antiimmigrant sentiment, supported by the rhetoric of the extreme right-wing parties and the criticism of current policies, have been growing in the society. This article reviews theoretical approaches to the study of public attitude to migrants ... ... toward Immigration, Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, p. 225—249.
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Russian-Estonian Economic and Investment Cooperation During the Crisis: Dynamics and Possibilities
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Russia, Estonia, economic cooperation, trade balance, foreign direct investments, sanctions, competition among jurisdictions
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
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Finland)], PhD thesis, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg State University, 172 p.
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