On the possibility to adopt the historical practice of applying technologies for land fertility increase in Eastern Prussia at agricultural enterprises of the Kaliningrad region
... considers the features of East Prussian land use system, whose crucial component was technologies for land fertility increase. A special package of measures in the framework of melioration and irrigation activities accounted for the high productivity of agriculture in this territory despite the fact that the local climate conditions can hardly be called perfect according to the well-known principles of agricultural science. The authors offer an overview of scientific approaches to the reconstruction ...
The evolution of agricultural nature management models in the Baltic States and the Kaliningrad region in 1890—2016
In each historical period, regional models of agricultural practices are affected by a combination of natural, political, and economic factors. Such models incorporate indicators of changes in the cultivated land area, land structure, and the intensity of agricultural practices. At early stages, ...
The Regional Committee of the CPSU in the system of agricultural authorities in the two post-war decades: The case of the Kaliningrad region
The paper analyzes the role of the CPSU’s Kaliningrad Regional Committee in agricultural management in the Kaliningrad region in 1946—1965. The author estimates the performance of the Regional Committee in distributing powers between regional administrative structures, coordinating actions with Union authorities, and exercising ...
Structure of Production and Management of Agricul¬tural and Industrial Sector of Kaliningrad Region in Historical Evolution (1945-1993)
The article is dedicated to the structural change in the management of the agricultural and industrial sector in the Kaliningrad region that took place in the Soviet times under the influence of both technical innovations and the change in the policy line.
Основные этапы развития ...
Rural areas of Eastern Germany: modern challenges
After the German reunification the agricultural development of eastern territories seemed to have picked up its pace. Yet the main problems those territories are facing today hatched already in the mid-1990s. In our study we address the problems and challenges that hinder sustainable development ...
Current state of agriculture of the Kaliningrad region
The article describes the current state of agriculture of the Kaliningrad region. The authors compare the production volume of certain types of agricultural products in the Kaliningrad region with those of other Russian regions. Special attention is paid to the livestock and crop production.
The dynamics of agricultural land use in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries
The agricultural land dynamics is one of the central issues of land use in Europe and Russia. Each historical period is characterized by its own model of agricultural land use. The analysis of its dynamics in the North-West of Russia and the Baltic countries ...
Development factors and regularities of the territorial structure of nature management
The Kaliningrad and Pskov regions serve as good examples for comparison of the main trends and patterns of the territorial agricultural structure as the most dynamic type of nature management. The territorial structure of agriculture in the regions and the factors of its evolution are considered on the example of two historical periods (1975—80 and 2016—17). In the Pskov ...
Development of Information Support to Agricultural Producers in the Kaliningrad Region
This article presents the results of analysis of information needs and information infrastructure of the Kaliningrad region’s agricultural sector and offers a concept of information support to the regional agricultural producers on the Internet.
программа ведомства «Создание Единой системы информационного ...
Agricultural effectiveness of the villages of the Novgorod and Pskov Provinces belonging to the tsar's family in the first half of the 19th century
On the basis of archive sources, this article analyses the development of agriculture by peasants belonging to the tsar’s family in the Novgorod and Pskov provinces. The article offers author's methodology of numerical data processing for an accurate assessment of agricultural effectiveness.
Pollination as an ecosystem service in agricultural nature management
This article discusses the role of pollination by honeybees as an ecosystem service in the structure of agricultural production. Forest, marsh, and mea-dow communities are considered as basic conditions for pollination in the eco-systems of the Kaliningrad region. A classification of the area for beekeeping is conducted according to the productive capacity ...
Modeling Value Chains in Kaliningrad Agriculture
The article describes an approach to modeling and monitoring of the value added in the agricultural sector of the Kaliningrad region in the situration of the need to improve food security and increase internal agricultural output. The results of the first phase of the simulation based on the example of crop production chains of added value ...
GMOs in agriculture: legal regulation and discussion
The article analyses legal arguments for admissibility/inadmissibility of GMOs in agriculture. The authors show that there is still no unanimous opinion of the effects produced by GMOs. Given the uncertainty, the ban on the use of genetic engineering in agriculture leads to the weakening of the role of legislation as a regulator of ...
The modelling of consumer demand for food in the Kaliningrad region
This article presents an approach to developing a comprehensive model of demand for agricultural produce in the Kaliningrad region within the re-search problem of ensuring regional food security. The comprehensive model includes the regulatory and statistical patterns of consumption and a model of demand for resources among agricultural ...
Measuring social well-being in the rural areas of the Kaliningrad region
... Rural districts were identified in the Kaliningrad region on the basis of the following criteria: the share of population residing in the rural areas (threshold value of 50 %); the share of non-residential areas (threshold value of 75 %), the share of agricultural lands (threshold value of 50 %). Further analysis was based on the indices of geodemographic situation, investment potential, and production development. Rural municipalities were ranked according to these indices. The study showed that the ...
Innovative factors and conditions of sustainable development of rural territories
... potential, diversification of production through support for non-agricultural activities and employment, application of innovations and efficient technologies, and manufacturing of environmentally friendly products. The analysis of the development of agricultural and innovations in the Baltic Sea regions serves as a basis for identifying the factors and conditions of supporting innovative entrepreneurship. Of special importance are the research, technological, and innovative potential of the territory,...
First results of the import substitution policy in the Kaliningrad region
The aim of this research work is to analyze the results of the import substitution policy of an exclave territory. The objectives of this research include the analysis of the development of agriculture in the exclave region, the evaluation of the food security level, the assessment of import substitution and its influence on the development of agriculture. The subject of this study is the policy of import substitution of the Kaliningrad ...
Agriculture produce procurement in the post-war years (based on the materials of the Kaliningrad rural district of the Kaliningrad region)
This article analyses the policy of compulsory procurement of agricultural produce from farmers in the late 1940s — mid-1950s. Currently, the public procurement of the Stalin era is recognised as a forced seizure of grain and other products in rural areas. Based on the materials from the Kaliningrad rural district ...
Rural areas of russia’s north-west borderland: problems and development paths
... initiatives supported by the authorities, extensive use of innovations, the Internet, and scientific knowledge. The study takes into account and assesses the heterogeneity of rural areas by producing a typology of districts built on the structure of agricultural production, using the Hall-Tideman index. The study used several indicators to identify the role and place of border districts in their respective regions. Three types of districts were distinguished according to the structure of agricultural ...
Clusters in the system of economic and innovation development of agriculture in the Rostov Region and the Krasnodar Region
... development for the agro-industrial complex (including the "completion" of basic spheres in the agro-industrial complex and the actual cluster development formats). Today the innovative vectors of the complex development often lay along the large agricultural holdings, which also act as customers of R&D in the industry. The lack (despite the presence of formal strategies for regional and cluster development) of consensus on interaction in the industry and its development strategy was revealed....
The legal regime of information systems in Russian agriculture
In this article, I consider the development and use of information systems in the case of Russia’s agricultural industry. I compare the information system with information and the information infrastructure and show that agriculture lacks a single information infrastructure. Further, I review existing classifications of information systems and the ...
The development of a 1946 draft decree of the USSR Council of Ministers on populating the agricultural areas of the Kaliningrad region
This article examines the development of draft resolutions of the USSR Council of Ministers “On the Priority Measures for the Population of Districts and the Development of Agriculture in the Kaliningrad Region.” The author considers the reasons behind a reduction in financial benefits and food support for settlers in the Kaliningrad region.
1. История края (1945—1950) : учеб. пособие для студентов-историков ...
Methodological approaches to scientific maintenance of branch: regional aspect
The authors consider peculiarities and methodological approaches to scientific maintenance of a branch taking as an example the agriculture of the Kaliningrad region being the exclave region of Russia.
С., Дупленко Н.
Предпринимательство региона / под ред. В.
С. Бильчака. Калининград,...
The German agricultural discourse in the 17th century (based on the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» by Salomon Gubert
This article explores peculiarities of the formation of the German agricultural discourse as a special type of scientific discourse of the seventeenth century. The author performs a discursive and cognitive analyses of the treatise «Stratagema oeconomicum oder Akkerstudent» written by the German pastor Salomon Gubert ...
Military sovkhozes of the Red Army in former East Prussia in 1945—1946
This paper focuses on the ensuring of food supply for the military personnel of the Red Army and the German population in the first post-war years. Emphasis is placed on the development of new agricultural structures - subsidiary farms, enterprises, and, later, military sovkhozes, which created the basis for the agricultural industry after the Soviet population of the Kaliningrad region.
1. Гордеев И. А. Военные совхозы ...
Land Use Policy and Land Management in Estonia
... Romano-Germanic land management model, which has replaced the Soviet model in Estonia. It is shown that the model’s introduction has contributed to the development of the Republic’s land market and increased land use efficiency, in particular, in agriculture. There are positive trends towards land market development and an increase in production and investment in land use. Estonian land resources are a reliable strategic investment.
1. Lemmen, Chr., van Oosterom, P., Bennett, R. 2015, The ...
Social and Economic Space Compression in Border Areas: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
... spatial differentiation of regional socioeconomic charac-teristics in the Northwestern Federal District. The study focuses on border areas, where the following key manifestations of compression have been identified: trans-port connectivity, level of agriculture development, and depopulation. All these indicators of space compression process are studied at the municipal level. The authors identify the key features of socioeconomic space compression for the border areas of the Russian Northwest.
Trends in agrarian land use and the nutrient balance values ensuring an increase in land fertility
This article analyses major trends in agricultural land use in the Kaliningrad region (the proportions of fallow land, tilled crops, grassland). The author suggests a methodology for calculating soil nutrient balance tested on a farm.
1. Вовлечение в сельскохозяйственное ...
The characteristics of the biogenic element of the runoff fr om the drainage areas of the Gulf of Finland basin experiencing a lim ited anthropogenic impact
... Gulf of Finland basin where the monitoring of the streamflow chemical composition was performed. The authors consider the dynamics of biogenic element content in the streamflow, the relation of the drainage areas to certain landscapes, the share of agricultural lands and tillage in the drainage areas, the forest-land percentage, a rural population density, and the forest age and type.
1. Isachenko, A. G. 1995. Jekologicheskaja geografija Severo-Zapada. Part. 2.St. Petersburg.
2. Kondratiev, S....
Changes in the cultural landscape of the Kaliningrad region’s periphery in the 19th/20th centuries
This article considers the development of cultural landscapes on the agricultural periphery of the Kaliningrad region. These territories are analysed in view of historical, geographical, social, economic, and political factors. Owing to its history, the Kaliningrad region boasts a unique combination of cultural landscape ...
Modern landscapes of the Kaliningrad region as a reflection of land us
This article examines the current areal territorial habitats and their de-pendence on the land use system. The author presents cases of transformations and restoration successions of agricultural and forestry landscapes. The mosaic nature of the current genetically determined landscape structure of the Kaliningrad region is explained by a large number of areas at different stages of transformation
1. Базы данных муниципальных ...
The development of dairy farming: forecasts and trends
During the period of implementation of the policy of import substitution in Russia, the level of production of basic agricultural products is gradually approaching the rational rate of their consumption. The biggest gap in providing the population with basic food remains in the production of milk. Only 71.0 % of the recommended norm of dairy produce is consumed. At ...
Innovation centres as growth points for smaller towns and rural areas
... available at: http://www.tehnopolis-gusev.ru/ (accessed 26 September 2011).
4. Nikolaev, M. 2010, Strategicheskij rezerv Rossii — innovacija sel'skih territorij [Russian strategic reserve — an innovation in rural areas,], APK: jekonomika, upravlenie [Agriculture: economics, management], no. 2, p. 3—7.
5. Oficial'nyj portal Pravitel'stva Kaliningradskoj oblasti [The Official Site of the Government of the Kaliningrad region], available at: http://gov39.ru/novosti-2/zakon-o-promyshlennoj-politike-rasshiryaet-obyazannosti-i-uvelichivaet-zonu-otvetstvennosti-regionalnoj-vlasti-2528972311/ ...
The historical aspects and current issues of the development of Russian-Lithuanian economic relations
... post-war restoration of national economy and acute deficit of material and human resources, the Soviet leadership managed not only to reform and develop a socialistic economy in Lithuania but also to turn it into an industrial republic with developed agriculture and modern manufacturing facilities, whose major industries manufactured products used in nuclear and space technologies, aviation and navigation. The research shows that the post-Soviet period led to a dramatic change in Russian-Lithuanian ...
A reliable analysis of the results of economic risk hedging
... the problem of presenting hedging results
1. Брейли Р., Майерс С. Принципы корпоративных финансов. 2-е рус. изд.М., 2008.
2. Меламед Л. Бегство во фьючерсы. М., 2010.
3. Agriculture futures and options. A hedger’s self-study guide. Chicago, 2004.
hedging, economic risks, risk-management, open position, futures, entrepreneurship.
On the measures taken by the Latvian government to solve the economic problems caused by the beginning of World War II
... документов об отношениях СССР с Латвией, Литвой и Эстонией: август 1939 — август 1940 гг. М, 1990.
Kovalev S. N.
internal political situation, government, economic duty, placement service, agricultural labour, economy, export.
Processing fat-based sludge by vermicomposting
... the basic regulatory indicators, and the main indicators: pH, organic matter and total phosphorus were assessed to meet the requirements for biofertilizers. The authors conclude that the use of the organic fertilizer obtained is permissible for the agricultural industry.
Kozhikin M. S., Masiutin Ia. A.
fat-based sludge, vermicultivation, vermicomposting, bio-fertilizer, processing, aeration
Biotesting glaukonite on infusorias
Glaukonite of the Palmnikensky deposit can be used in agriculture, water purification, and medicine. Due to its good adsorption properties, glauconite can take in various hazardous substances from water. The author tested the biological safety of glauconite from the Kaliningrad region deposits on infusorias ...
The economic aspect of the quality of industrial agriculture information support: Russian experience
This paper provides a scientific analysis of Russian experience of quality assessment (the economic aspect) of the information support for the agro-industrial complex. Part 1 covers the period of the 1950s-1970s.
Качество, эффективность, нравственность: учеб. пособие. М., 2009.
определения экономической эффективности внедрения механизации и автоматизации производства с учетом специфики отдельных отраслей. М., 1960.
Ф., Свиридов И.
The development of bioeconomy of the Baltic Region in the context of regional and global climate change
Climate change is projected to have a profound effect on natural ecosystems, biodiversity, and societies both in the Baltic region and globally, particularly so through agriculture and food systems. The Baltic region has a vast potential for the development of bioeconomy due to the existing opportunities for biomass production and advances in microbiology leading to process- and product innovations in biomass production ...
Evaluating and Measuring the Security of Russia’s Border Regions: Theory and Practice
... and special indicators as well as the impact of protective measures on economic security. To justify our proposals, we analyse the economic security of the Kaliningrad region; it is a study based on an evaluation of protective measures in the regional agricultural industry and of the effect of different factors on the generation of value added in the sector. We emphasise the need to take into account regional conditions when assessing economic security and to introduce economic and mathematical calculations ...
On the role of landscape and geographical factors in the optimisation of regional nature management
охраны природы Калининградской области / под ред. Ю.
А. Цыбина. Калининград, 2004.
Shikhotarova T. V.
regional nature management, landscape and geographical factors, agricultural landscape, optimisation.
The assessment of the antioxidative status of plants of different ecological groups growing on the Curonian spit
... Менделеева). 2008. Т
. 52, №
K., Prior R.
Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and phenolic and anthocyanin concentrations in fruit and leaf tissues of highbush blueberry // Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Я., Яшин Я.
Новый прибор для определения антиоксидантной активности пищевых продуктов,...
Some features of Corncrake's ecology in the conditions of modern agriculture
This paper considers the dynamics of acoustical activity and the impact of hay harvesting and cattle grazing on the nesting of Corncrake Crex crex on three plots in the Ryazan, Vladimir, and Novgorod regions. Peak acoustic activity is achieved in June. The survival of nests and broods of up to 5-day old nestlings depends on the time span of hay harvesting (from 3 up to 68 %).
In total, from 48 to 88 % of nests and broods survived annually with the exception of 1999 on hay meadows. The survival rate...
Dependence on imported food as a threat to the food security of the Kaliningrad region
... здравоохранения и социального развития РФ от 2 августа 2010 г. № 593н. Доступ из справ.-правовой системы «КонсультантП-люс».
food security, import, food import, agriculture.
Russian workers in Eastern Prussia in the end of the 19th-beginning of the 20th century
... в Германии // Известия Министерства иностранных дел. СПб., 1913. Кн. 4. С. 120—123.
Kostyashov Yu. V.
Russian-German relations, East Prussia, Königsberg, consulate, migration, seasonal workers, agriculture, legal protection, Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Migrant collective farms in 1946—1953: sketches of rural life
... «Прогресс» Зеленоградского района. Оп. 1.
29. ГАНИКО. Ф. 148. П/о колхоза «Новая жизнь» Правдинского района. Оп. 1.
Kaliningrad region, collective farms, agriculture, everyday history, microhistory, 1946—1953.
Change in the sub-regional asymmetry of the real and financial sectors of the Kaliningrad region economy in the context of economic sanctions
... article describes changes in the sub-regional asymmetry under the conditions of economic sanctions. The authors noted a decrease in its level in the real economy due to the development of import substitution in Kaliningrad municipalities specializing in agriculture.
1. The Journal of Economic Asymmetries // ELSEVIER. 2015. URL:
(дата обращения: 15.08.2016).
2. Пасовец Ю. М. Пространственная ...
An assessment of stubble buckwheat productivity in Ukraine in changing climate conditions
... раслінаводства. 2007. № 3. С. 47—53.
5. Sharma K. H., Mirsa R. D., Lai P. Response of varietis of Triticum esfivum and T. durum Dest. to date of sowing. Ann. report of res. 1972—73 and 1973—74 (combined) G. B. Pant University of agriculture and technology. Pantha-g-ar, 1975. P. 1.
6. Yubbela Y. H. Interaction of cultivar sowing date and sowing rate on loading, yield and seed weight of buckwheat // Plant Sci. 1977. Vol. 57, № 2. P. 317—321.
7. Тооминг Х. Экологические ...
Fishing in Novgorod and Pskov Governorates and the related trades (the second half of the 19th/the beginning of the 20th centuries)
... published sources and literature to study the condition of peasant fishing trade in Novgorod and Pskov Governorates in the second half of the 19th/the beginning of the 20th centuries. The work focuses on analyzing the role of fishing trade in the peasant agriculture. The article describes the socioeconomic and environmental factors contributing to the spread of fishing in the Governorates. The author gives a brief description of fishing equipment used by peasants and emphasizes the wide spread of fishing ...