Russian energy diplomacy and international energy security (geopolitics and economics)
This article considers national energy security as a component of foreign policy and diplomacy and analyses the current state of Russian energy policy, the role of Russia in global energy geopolitics and the factors affecting it. The author examines energy diplomacy as an instrument of foreign policy at both global and regional levels taking into account the changes in the corporate policy of energy companies.
EU — Russia energy cooperation: major development trends and the present state
The article analyzes the development of EU — Russia energy relations through the lens of the evolution of three parameters: the political agenda (the Energy Dialogue), the ... ... identification of these three aspects for assessing the evolution of EU — Russia energy relations is the novelty in the author’s approach. This study aims to identify the previous stages and assess the current state of EU — Russia energy dialogue, since ...
Russia-EU energy efficiency cooperation in the Baltic region: the untapped potential
... Partnership for Modernisation. However, it lacks practical development, which relates to the instability of the legal environment in Russia, insufficient mechanisms of financial support for energy conservation projects and poor political support. Nevertheless,... ... available at: www.rg.ru/2009/09/17/medvedd.html (accessed 23. 12. 2013).
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8. Communication from the Commission ...
Russia’s energy geostrategy in the Baltic Sea region
... the region as a whole is strongly influenced by the stability of energy supply in each state. The article analyses the role Russia plays in the energy policy of the region from both geopolitical and geostrategic viewpoints. The author identifies the ... ... line Russian interests with those of the European states.
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Global energy and environmental security in the current global economic crisis
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Russia in Global Affairs. 2007. № 1
Kosov Yuri, Mallon Vim
energy security, environmental security, global climate control, renewable energy sources, energy system with reduced use ...
The features of EU energy strategy in the Baltic region
... market development. The research shows that most of the initiatives do not take into account the perspective and interests of Russia, which has a strong presence in the energy market. The analysis conducted will help the assessment of prospects of further ... ... (accessed 14 October 2011).
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The creation of a common EU energy market: a quiet revolution with far-reaching consequences
... sector will eventually have serious theoretical and practical consequences for the EU, as well as third countries, including Russia.
1. Braun, J. 2011, EU Energy Policy under the Treaty of Lisbon Rules: Between a new policy and business as usual, available ... ....eu/press/filestor/empower-demand-report. pdf (accessed 17 January 2013).
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Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
... are delivered to an energy deficient region, wh ere the demand and need for them is stable. The study is based on the author’s geoeconomic methodology, which extensively uses geographical and general scientific methods. This work aims to develop a geoeconomic ... ... prirodnye resursy [Geography and natural resources]. no. 2.
2. Lachininskii, S. S. 2012, Current trends in geoeconomic studies in Russia,Regional Research of Russia, Vol 2, Pleiades Publishing Ltd, p. 80—86, available at: http://link. springer. com/article/10....
Electric energy cooperation in the Baltic Sea region and the role of Russia in it
... concentrated largely in the EU member states despite earlier plans to establish the Baltic energy ring, which would also include Russia and Belarus. The author stresses that one of the most acute problems for the EU today is overcoming isolation of the energy ... ... the prospects of the Visaginas NPP (Lithuania) in solving energy problems of the Baltic States. The author analyses Russia’s role in the electric energy market and focuses on a possible increase of the country’s energy market share following the construction ...
Energy security in the scientific and institutional discourse in Russia and Poland: problems and solutions
... authors explore differences and similarities in the views of scientists and politicians on the issue and analyse energy security policies pursued in Poland and Russia (the Kaliningrad region). On this basis, the authors propose rational principles for solving the problem of energy security ... ... Polski — mix energetyczny i efektywność energetyczna // Polityka energetyczna — Energy Policy Journal. 2013. T. 16, z. 3. S. 35—47.
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Research and technology agreements in the Norwegian concession system of the 1970s—1990s
... during the period of formation of the Norwegian oil and gas industry. Based on archival documents, the article considers Norway’s experience of conclusion of research and technology agreements for transferring the latest technologies of exploration and oil ... ... institutions, and foreign oil and gas companies, which would give an impetus to the development of the technological component of Russia’s oil and gas sector. Research and technology agreements have been used by Norwegians with the aim of diversification ...
Major infrastructure projects and the foreign policy of the Baltic states in 2010—2014
... their political motivation. It is concluded that the disregard of the factor of mutually beneficial economic cooperation with Russia destabilizes the development of national economic of the Baltic States. The author believes that modern infrastructure ... ... Conference Energy of Moldova — 2012. Regional Aspects of Development, October 4-6, 2012, Chisinau.
12. Obshhaja jelektroset' s Rossiej sozdaet naprjazhenie v Pribaltike [Overall grid with Russia creates tension in the Baltic States], 2012, INOTV.RT.COM,...
Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
... the countries of East Baltic, which depend heavily on a single energy supplier — Russia. In recent years, the countries of the region have announced several LNG terminal... ... available at: http://regnum. ru/news/1541130.html (accessed 25 December 2012).
4. Sweden's first LNG terminal should be commissioned in mid-2011 in Brunnsviksholme, 2011, WooEB... ... Action DG and Mobility and Transport DG, available at: http://ec. europa. eu/clima/policies/package/docs/ trends_to_2030_update_2009_en. pdf (accessed 25 December 2012)...
The prospects of nuclear power development in the eastern part of the Baltic Sea region as a factor of the formation of international relations system in the region
... Baltic Sea is indicative of the effectiveness of political and economic cooperation in the region. The author believes that Russia and the three Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have the economic and technological opportunities for building ... ... labour accompanied by the historically developed specialization of Russia makes nuclear power an important factor in Russia’s economic diplomacy. The promotion of Russian energy projects in the region contributes to the development of a system of mutually ...
Competition and cooperation problems in the energy sector of the Baltic region
... the construction of nuclear plants in Poland, the Kaliningrad region, Lithuania, and Belarus. The author shows that, though Russia and the EU occasionally pursue opposite goals, there is considerable interdependence between them, and a confrontation ... ....ru/news/1201177.html
The Baltic Sea as the most important corridor for Russia’s oil exports // Expert article 264. Baltic Rim Economies
2008. URL: http://www.tse....
Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
In 2013, Russia’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) soared and the OFDI stock exceeded $ 500 billion. However, a year later, Russia’s OFDI dropped by nearly 15 per cent. Rapid upward and downward swings make it necessary to analyze the motivation of Russian ...
Forecasting Actions of Baltic elites: A Scenario Approach
... different approaches to forecasting the future of the three Baltic States. The author’s theoretical approach to studying Baltic elites is used to forecast changes in the... ... author pr ovides additional material for analysing possible developments in the domestic policies of the Baltic States in view of external factors.
1. Mezhevich N. M., 2014... .... Reg., no 1, p. 7—28. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-1.
2. Mezhevich, N. M. 2015, Russia and the Baltic States: Some Results and a Few Perspectives, Balt. Reg., no. 2...
Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
... region is of crucial importance for ensuring a steady growth of regional economy, the propagation of industrialization impulses, and modernization in the heart of Russian Northwestern macroregion. At the same time, the specific features of the region’s geoeconomic position magnify the ‘inherited’ ad acquired effects of focal industrialization and space polarization, which creates additional prerequisites for the inversion of the Russian economic space — ‘Russia of the physical space’ and ‘the economic space of Russia’. The study uses traditional methodology of economic geography (the territorial, cluster, and spatial approaches) and the geoeconomic approach developed by the authors. The article ...
Lithuania's Lonely Leadership 2.0.
... European-style reform (where Lithuania is a selfproclaimed expert) even less relevant, and confrontational rhetoric towards Russia may lead to economic losses and contribute to rising political tension in the region.
1. Brunalas, B. 2011, Liderstvo ... ....ee/en/article/has-lithuanianforeign-policy-become-personalised/ (accessed 01.03.2015).
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Russia and the European Union in the Baltic region: a treacherous path to partnership
This article examines policies of Moscow and Brussels in the Baltics since the launch of the European Union’s Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region in June 2009. An increase in the efficiency of Russia’s policy in the region requires not only the development of bilateral relations with the region’s countries but also a dialogue with the European Union, the key player in the Baltic. The author identifies Russian economic, military, political,...
Geography of international clusters in the Baltic region
... doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-3-1.
2. Dragileva, I. I., Zverev, Yu. M., Korneevets, V. S., Fedorov, G. M. 2006,Transgranichnaja kooperacija v Baltijskom regione [Cross-border... ... Federation and the European Union], Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant State University of Russia, 392 p.
3. Leading web platform for European clusters, 2013, available at:... ... Minjekonomrazvitija RF ot 26 dekabrja 2008 № 20636-AK/d19 [Guidelines for implementing cluster policies in the Russian Federation.
Approved by Ministry of Economic Development 26...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
The shipbuilding industry clusters in the Eastern Baltic Sea region, i. e. Estonia, Finland and North-West Russia, may benefit significantly from increased mutual cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters ... ... [Working group for the competitiveness of the maritime industry starts it work], available at: https://www.tem.fi/?89508_m=109200&s=2468 (accessed 31 May 2013).
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Development of International Clusters in the Baltic Sea Region
... available at: http://www.hallinto.oulu.fi/suunnit/raportit/Bothnian_Arc_of_Knowledge.pdf (accessed 17 December 2012).
11. Royer, S. 2007, Crossing — borders: International clusters: An analysis of Medicon Valley based on value-adding web, Flensburg, Flensburg ... ... formation of industrial complexes in terms of economic stability in the region], Menedzhment v Rossii i za rubezhom [Management in Russia and abroad], no. 3, p. 76—86.
22. Yermolenko, V. V. 2010, Intellektual'nye resursy i mezhdunarodnoe sotrudnichestvo v ...
The historical aspects and current issues of the development of Russian-Lithuanian economic relations
... formation of territory and population of Lithuania. historical Overview], Kaliningrad, Izdatelstvo Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
4. Navickas, К. 1970, Litva i Antanta (1918—1920) [Lithuania and the Entente (1918—1920).], Vilnius, Mintis.
5. Navickas,... ... 1965, Rol' Sovetskogo Sojuza v dele zawity zhiznennyh nacional'nyh interesov litovskogo naroda v 1917—1940 gg [Soviet Union's role in the protection of vital national interests of the people of Lithuania in 1917—1940 years], the author's abstract of ...