The transition process and institutions: on the issue of the standard of living in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe — members of the European Union
... that outright home ownership in the EU-11 countries exceeds on average 75%, while almost two-thirds of households in the EU-15 countries have a mortgage or pay rent spending on housing on average up to one quarter of their income. Despite 30 years of transition to a market economy, the EU-11 countries largely inherited such home ownership structure from the centrally planned economy institutions, i.e. individually-owned and cooperative housing, as well as subsidized state-owned housing stock that ...
The role of transit in the economy of Latvia
Transit is an important issue in the history of world economy, including the economy of Latvia. Transit makes a significant contribution to the budget of many transit countries, one of which is the Republic of Latvia. These countries do not have significant ...
International Migration in the Periods of Transition and Crisis: the Case of Latvia
... movements in the case of Latvia. Due to the country’s economic recession, migration has accelerated in the recent years. Empirical results show the response of the migration system to the changing internal factors and external influences in the times of transition and global crisis. Long-term emigration exacerbates the problem of demographic change in Latvia.
1. Apsite E., Krišjāne Z., Berzins M. Emigration from Latvia under economic crisis conditions // International Proceedings of Economics Development ...
Current Scenarios for the Demographic Future of the World: The Cases of Russia and Germany
... standards of scenarios for global demographic development. We consider demographic development both in a positive and negative sense. Our analysis rests on such theoretical structures as the general theory of population, the classical theory of demographic transition, the concepts of the ‘second’, ‘third’, and ‘fourth’ demographic transitions, and scenarios for the ‘Eurasian demographic development path’. We employ a range of methods from comparative demography as well as historical analogies,...
A general representation of ship containers planning and loading-unloading processes at multimodal transit terminals
... automa-tion of loading and unloading processes in the sea zone of multimodal con-tainer terminals (berthage). The authors present the organization and algo-rithms of automated loading planning and complete and partial container loading and unloading at the transit terminal are presented.
1. Нужнов Е. В., Юрко Д. С., Каграманова М. С. Организация перегрузочных процессов и управления функционированием портового ...
Influence of potassium impurity on the phase transition in a massive and nanostructured sample of Na1-xKxNO2
... Лисянский А.
А., Филиппов А.
Флуктуационные эффекты в системах с конкурирующими взаимодействиями. Киев
Kumzerov Yu. et al.
Ferroelectric phase transitions in sodium nitrite nanocomposites
Journal of electroceramics
2008. P. 1—7. online.
Phase Transitions. 1992. 45. P. 277.
Structural Phase Transitions....
On the antecology of Cerasus, Microcerasus and Amygdalus (Rosaceae)
This article analyses the organogenesis and flowering transition phases in Cerasus, Microcerasus, and Amygdalus. There are five phases identified for Cerasus fruticosa, C.vulgaris, C avium, Microcerasus tomentosa, and Amygdalus nana.
П., Радионенко А.
The historical and geographical evolution of the enclavity of the Kaliningrad region
... formations in the territory of the modern Kaliningrad region. The author offers information on their socio-economic and political features. The article identifies enclave (exclave) problems peculiar to them, including the land access (passenger and cargo transit) of the metropolis to the isolated territory, as well as the issues relating to the origins of state border, border control, visa regime, and political and economic relations to neighbouring states and the mainland. The author reviews cases of ...
Economic Aspects of Russian-Baltic Relations in 2007—2008
The influence of the events related to the transfer of the remains and the monument to Soviet soldiers in central Tallinn on the Russian cargo transit flows through the Baltic Sea region is described. The author shows that there has been a redistribution of Russian cargoes and their shipment through the ports of Latvia and Lithuania lately. According to the author, the positive dynamics of ...
... ordered observers, exists for no more than a second, after which it is destroyed by a bubble of a new phase. The mass of the superheavy gravitino is estimated to be one more than Page's estimate.
Yurov V. A., Yurova A. A.
Boltzmann brain, phase transitions, cosmological constant, gravitino mass