The impact of Russia’s counter-sanctions on Lithuania’s foreign economic activities
This article explores Russian-Lithuanian trade relations under the EU sanctions against Russia and Russian counter-sanctions. The authors identify changes in the structure of foreign economic activities and examine the main trends, features and problems of trade. The authors analyse transformations in bilateral trade — ...
Russia and WTO at the current stage
... examines the current economic situation focusing on Russia’s entry to WTO. The authors analyse the positive and negative effects of WTO membership on Russia’s economy at the present stage and consider the economic situation in the condition of Western sanctions and Russian anti-sanctions.
1. РИА Новости. URL: http://ria.ru (дата обращения: 10.08.2015).
2. Присоединение России к ВТО: целесообразность, проблемы, риски. URL: ...
Change in the sub-regional asymmetry of the real and financial sectors of the Kaliningrad region economy in the context of economic sanctions
... asymmetry in the real and financial sectors at the sub-regional level. The authors use their own methodology for assessing this asymmetry in the Kaliningrad region. The article describes changes in the sub-regional asymmetry under the conditions of economic sanctions. The authors noted a decrease in its level in the real economy due to the development of import substitution in Kaliningrad municipalities specializing in agriculture.
1. The Journal of Economic Asymmetries // ELSEVIER. 2015. URL:
The EU Vs. Russia: Legal Nature and Implementation of the Union’s Restrictive Measures
The author proposes his take on the EU sanctions against Russia. He aims to understand the legal nature of the EU restrictions, the exact procedure of their implementation, revision, and repeal, as well as their judicial review. To this end, he proposes a system of sanction classification,...
Motivations of Russian firms to invest abroad: how do sanctions affect Russia’s outward foreign direct investment?
... OFDI stock exceeded $ 500 billion. However, a year later, Russia’s OFDI dropped by nearly 15 per cent. Rapid upward and downward swings make it necessary to analyze the motivation of Russian firms to invest abroad as well as to assess the impact of sanctions on Russian OFDI. The author points out that a significant part of Russia’s outward FDI stock is accounted for by the operations of Russian corporations in their home market. It is concluded that although Western sanctions target a relatively ...
Russian-Estonian Economic and Investment Cooperation During the Crisis: Dynamics and Possibilities
... (accessed 23.11.2014).
21. Tüür, K. 2012, Russia and Estonia, In: K. Tüür, V. Morozov (eds.) Russian Federation 2013: Short-Term Prognosis, p. 123—126.
Russia, Estonia, economic cooperation, trade balance, foreign direct investments, sanctions, competition among jurisdictions