Gas infrastructure development in the countries of East Baltic as a way to increase energy security
... necessity is estimated from the perspective of the current and future demand for natural gas, including the terms and conditions of contracts concluded with OAO Gazprom. Different scenarios and prospects for individual LNG terminal projects and associated pipeline infrastructure are evaluated. It is shown that the inability of countries to find a political compromise on this issue and the terms of existing contracts for Russian gas, as well as low domestic demand for gas hamper the implementation of a ...
Economic and geopolitical aspects of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline
The Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline project (NS 2) along the bottom of the Baltic Sea is aimed to increase gas supply from Russia to Germany and other EU countries. It serves mutual economic interests: the predicted growth in gas demand in the EU markets and the need to strengthen ...
The Functional and the Instrumental in Market Definition: a Laboratory for Natural Experiments in the Baltics
... in control (within a single economic entity). In order to compare the practical implementation of institutional alternatives, we examine the modes of governance in the gas supply industry. A major focus is the Baltic region where two interconnected pipelines — the Nord Stream and the OPAL — were constructed. Different ways to handle transactions relating to gas supply were employed at the time. We compare these ways and conclude that it is necessary to consider the determinants of a transaction ...
Formation of transport complex in the Kaliningrad region
развития транспортного комплекса Северо-Западного федерального округа.
Т. 1. СПб., 2008.
Gumenjuk I. S.
transport complex, automobile transport, air transport,railway-sea transport system, pipeline, inland water transport.