The two-party tendency in Poland’s political system: manifestations, causes and prospects
... appeared in the late 2000s, has been characterised by inner stability despite the considerable number of problems PiS and PO have faced on their way to expanding their influence. The multiple sceptic forecasts concerning the prospects of Poland’s system with two major parties have not been confirmed so far.
Yet, the logic behind these forecasts holds up. One can hardly expect that the ‘two-party tendency’ will intensify in Poland: that would go against both the realities of Polish politics and the country’s deep-rooted ...
Supranational party system of the EU
... 2007, Punishment or Protest? Understanding European Parliament Elections, The Journal of Politics, T. 69, Vol. 2, p. 495—510.
26. Nugent, N. 2010, The Government and Politics of the European Union: The European Union Series.
27. Sartori, D. 1976, Parties and Party Systems, Cambridge.
28. Sedlakova, M. 2013, The Role of Ideology in Boundary Maintenance of Europarties, available at: www.etd.ceu.hu/2013/sedlakova_maria. pdf (accesses 20 December 2015).
Peshenkov A., Zhukovskiy I.
The transformation of the Swedish political party system in the late 20th/early 21st century
... the multiculturalism principles. The interethnic tension manifested itself in the wide support for the Swedish Democrats Party in the 2010 parliamentary election. From a political party system dominated by social democrats, the Swedish political party system turned into one with two leading parties – the centre-left Swedish Social Democratic Labour Party and the centre-right Moderate Party. The Swedish Democrats position themselves as an alternative to the two party blocs headed by the dominating parties (the Alliance and the Red-Green)....
Party system nationalization in Estonia
... one to conclude that the Estonian ‘integration’ project has failed to close the ideological divide between ethnic Estonians and ethnic Russians.
Lanko, D. A., Lantsova, I. S.
comparative politics, political parties, party systems, nationalization, Estonia
Estonia’s party system today: electoral turbulence and changes in ethno-regional patterns
... diminishing as a civil society based on civic rather than ethnic principles is emerging in the country. The main drivers of the change are the formation of new parties and coalition-building — both have an immediate effect on how the image of the parties is perceived by voters.
Oskolkov, P. V.
party system, electoral geography, ethnicity, non-citizens, civic society, coalition-building
The features of the genesis of modern Lithuanian multiparty system
... formation of the modern Lithuanian multi-party system. The author pays attention to the role of confrontation between the social and political movement „Sajudis» and the Communist party of the Lithuanian SSR in the formation of the bipolar party system based on the ideological confrontation between the two dominant political parties — the Lithuanian Democratic Labour Party and the Homeland Union.
1. Сокольский С. От гражданских движений к политическим партиям (Россия и страны Вышеградской группы) ...
Estonian Political Parties in the mid-2010s
... [Populism and political participation: riots in the Baltic region in 2007—2009], Politicheskaja jekspertiza: POLITJeKS [Political expert: POLITEKS], Vol. 5 no. 1, p. 209—230.
comparative politics, political parties, party systems, Republic of Estonia