The economy of Russian Baltic regions: development level and dynamics, structure and international trade partners
... of social and economic development. A positive net migration rate provides for a population increase in the territories: the average annual net migration per 10,000 population in 2014—2020 was 15 throughout Russia, 63 in St. Petersburg, 156 in the Leningrad region and 96 in the Kaliningrad region<1>. The population of Russia’s Baltic regions increased by 8, 13 and 6 %, respectively, from the end of 2014 to 1 October 2021 (the data of the national census).<2>
Overview of Russia’s Baltic regions
Comparative analysis of the territorial support frame of settlement in coastal areas: the case of St. Petersburg and Kaliningrad regions
... monocentricity will no longer produce positive economic effects, such as those associated with agglomeration. On the contrary, it will have mounting negative consequences.
Mezhevich N. M., Olifir D. I.
urbanisation, transport systems, Kaliningrad region, Leningrad region, St. Petersburg, coastal position, spatial structure, territorial support frame