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The purpose of science is to transform all that exists into thought
Alexander Herzen

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Anthropological foundations of John Rawls' political theory

Keywordsanthropological model, “justice as fairness“, rationality, individualism, “life plan“, Rawls, Kant, Aristotle
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AuthorChaly V.
Pages33-38
Abstract (summary) The analysis of Rawls’ anthropological model, underlying his theory of justice, reveals its complex basis: on one hand, it is an attempt to attach broader and deeper Kantian philosophical foundations to “rational egoist” of classical utilitarianism (idea of autonomy, ability of self-determination through moral law); on the other hand, the notion of “life plan”, emphasizing rationality of human interests and actions and opening a possibility for happiness, connects Rawls’ theory to Aristotle’s virtue ethics and to contemporary communitarianism.
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