The Baltic Region

2011 Issue №3(9)

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The European Court of Justice case of Elgafaji: the interaction between EU law and international humanitarian law



This article focuses on the increasing influence of international court rulings on the development of new concepts within international law, in particular, the concept of subsidiary protection to persons who fall outside the scope of the 1951 Refugee Convention. The author also considers the issues related to the concept of indirect effect in EU law, as well as the interaction between the EU and international law.


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2. Judgment on case №C-465/07 Meki Elfagaji and Noor Elgafaji v. Staatssecretaris van Justitie, 2009, European Court Report, I-921, available at: (accessed 17 December 2010).

3. On Minimum Standards for the Qualification and Status of third countries nationals or stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection and the content of the protection granted: Директива Совета ЕС № 2004/83/EC от 29.04.2004, OJ, L304/12, available at: http://eur-lex.europa.

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6. Opredelenie KS RF «Ob otkaze v prinjatii k rassmotreniju zhalob grazhdanina Markina Konstantina Aleksandrovicha na narushenie ego konstitucionnyh prav polozhenijami statej 13 i 15 Federal'nogo zakona «O gosudarstvennyh posobijah grazhdanam, imejuwim detej», statej 10 i 11 Federal'nogo zakona «O statuse voennosluzhawih», stat'i 32 Polozhenija o porjadke prohozhdenija voennoj sluzhby i punktov 35 i 44 Polozhenija o naznachenii i vyplate gosudarstvennyh posobij grazhdanam, imejuwim detej», 15 janvarja 2009, № 187-O-O [Defining Constitutional
Court "On the refusal to deal with complaints of Grau zhdanina Konstantin Markin a violation of his constitutional rights in Articles 13 and 15 of the Federal Law" On State benefits to citizens with children ", articles 10 and 11 of the Federal Law" On the Status of Servicemen ", Article 32 of the Regulations on military service and
items 35 and 44 provisions on the appointment and payment of state benefits to citizens with children ", January 15, 2009, № 187-O-O], Sprav.-pravovaja sistema «Konsul'tantPljus» [Legal-reference system «Adviser Plus».]

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8. Judgment on case №С-106/89 Marleasing, 1990, European Court Report, I-4135, available at: http://eur-lex. europa. eu (accessed 17 December 2010).

9. Warney, M., Birkinshaw, P. 2010, The European Legal Order after Lisbon, p. 223.
10. Ispolinov, A. S. 2010, Doktrina kosvennogo jeffekta (soglasovannoj interpretacii) v prave ES [The doctrine of indirect effect (consistent interpretation) in EU law], Evrazijskij juridicheskij zhurnal [Eurasian legal journal], no. 10, pp. 26—37.
11. Garlick, M. V. 2010, The Common European Asylum System and the European Court of Justice. New jurisdiction and new challenges, Area of Freedom, Security and Justice ten years on, Brussels, Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS),p. 60.
12. Errera, R. 2011, The CJEU and Subsidiary Protection: Reflections on Elgafaji — and After, International Journal of Refugee law, vol. 23, no. 1, p. 112.