The Baltic Region

2021 Vol. 13 №2

Back to the list Download an article

The Impact of COVID-19 on immigration: the transformation of Norwegian migration policy on asylum seekers

DOI
10.5922/2079-8555-2021-2-7
Pages
129-145

Abstract

Until just a year ago, hardly anyone believed that the increasingly unrestrained growth in mobility could be so abruptly interrupted by a radical immobilisation of large population groups. Neither mobility studies nor other research fields had foreseen this kind of scenario in their mobility and migration models. And why should have they? In the past decades, the belief in unconstrained mobility, as well as the practice of mobility and its scientific modelling, relied on the idea of unbounded growth at the sub-national, national and supra-national level. The article focuses on immigration to Norway, showing how institutional constraints were used to deal with the spread of COVID-19 and how they affected immigration to the country.

Due to complexity reasons, we focus exclusively on the situation of asylum seekers, giving additional attention to unaccompanied minors. These groups’ migration status is assumed to make them especially susceptible to the newly established immigration measures. Drawing upon a combined focus of data on migration regulations and asylum application statistics, we examine what impact mobility-related COVID-19 measures implemented in Norway since January 2020 had on asylum procedures, asylum mobility and asylum applications in Norway.

Reference

1. Urry, J. 2007, Mobilities, Cambridge, Polity Press.

2. Spencer, S. 2011, The Migration Debate, University of Bristol, The Policy Press.

3. Castles, S., Haas, H. D., Miller, M. J. 2013, The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World, 5th ed., Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

4. Goldin, I., Cameron, G., Balarajan, M. 2011, Exeptional People. How Migration Shaped Our World and Will Define Our Futur, Princeton, Princeton University Press.

5. Ryazantsev, S. V., Molodikova, I. N. 2020, Guest Editor’s Introduction. New economic and migratory trends in the Baltic Sea region during the COVID-19 pandemic, Balt. Reg., vol. 12, no. 4, p. 4—9. doi: https://doi. org/10.5922/2079-8555-2020-4-1.

6. Adey, P., Hannam, K., Sheller, M., Tyfield, D. 2021, Pandemic (Im)mobilities, Mobilities, vol. 16, no. 1 p. 1—19. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2021.1872871.

7. Jensen, O. B. 2021, Pandemic disruption, extended bodies, and elastic situations — Reflections on COVID-19 and Mobilities, Mobilities, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 66—80. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2021.1867296.

8. Cohen, J. H. 2020, Editorial: Modeling Migration, Insecurity and COVID-19, Migration Letters, vol. 17, no. 3, p. 405—409. doi: https://doi.org/10.33182/ml.v17i3.986.

9. Chakraborty, I., Maity, P. 2020, COVID-19 outbreak: Migration, Effects on Society, Global Environment and Prevention, Science of The Total Environment, no. 728, 138882. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j. scitotenv.2020.138882.

10. Christensen, T., Lægreid P. 2020, Balancing Governance Capacity and Legitimacy: How the Norwegian Government Handled the COVID-19 Crisis as a High Performer / Public Administration Review, vol. 80, no. 5, p. 774—779. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/puar.13241.

11. Schoefberger, I., Rango, M. 2020, COVID-19 and Migration in West and North Africa and Across the Mediterranean, Switzerland, available at: https://publications. iom. int/system/files/pdf/covid19-and-migration-in-west-and-north-africa. pdf (accessed 25.04.2020).

12. Salazar, N. B. 2021, Existential vs. essential mobilities: insights from before, during and after a crisis, Mobilities, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 20—34. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17450101.2020.1866320.

13. Kluge, H. H. P., Jakab, Z., Bartovic, J. 2020, D’Anna, V., Severoni S. Refugee and Migrant Health in the COVID-19 Response, The Lancet, vol. 395, no. 10232, p. 1237—1239. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30791-1.

14. Langfeldt Dahlback, M., Molnes, G., Skiphamn, S. S. 2020, Foreslår ikke ekstra hemmelighold for Koronakommisjonen — likevel, Faktisk, available at: https://www.faktisk.no/artikler/Glj/foreslar-ikke-ekstra-hemmelighold-for-koronakommisjonen-likevel (accessed 25.04.2020).

15. Sirkeci I., Yucesahin M. M. Coronavirus and Migration: Analysis of Human Mobility and the Spread of Covid-19 // Migration Letters. 2020. Vol. 17, №2. Р. 379-398. doi:10.33182/ml.v17i2.935

16. Gagnon, J. 2020, COVID-19: Consequences for International Migration and Development, OECD, available at: https://oecd-development-matters.org/2020/04/02/covid-19-consequences-for-international-migration-an... (accessed 25.04.2020).

17. Rohe, K. 1994, Politik, Begriffe und Wirklichkeit, Stuttgart, Kohlhammer.

18. Jahn, D. 2006, Einführung in die vergleichende Politikwissenschaft, Wiesbaden, VS Verlag.

19. Møen, A. 2020, Den uverkelege verkelegheita. Den ekstraordinære koronapolitikken har utretta meir for miljøet på 14 dagar enn det miljørørsla har gjort over fleire tiår, Morgenbladet, 28.03.2020, available at: https://www.morgenbladet.no/ideer/kronikk/2020/03/28/den-uverkelege-verkelegheita/ (accessed 25.04.2020).

20. Mayntz, R. 2009, Über Governance. Institutionen und Prozesse politischer Regelung, Frankfurt a/M, Campus Verlag.19.

21. Mayntz, R. 1987, Politische Steuerung und gesellschaftliche Steuerungsprobleme  — Anmerkungen zu einem theoretischen Paradigma. In: Ellwein, T. (ed.) Jahrbuch zur Staats- und Verwaltungswissenschaft, B. 1, p. 89—110, Baden-Baden, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft.