Russia-European Union and Russian-Chinese borderlands: economic and demographic dimension :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office


Forgot your password?
Login As
You can log in if you are registered at one of these services:
There is only one science. Two sciences are impossible as two universes are
Alexander Herzen

DOI-generator Search by DOI on

Russia-European Union and Russian-Chinese borderlands: economic and demographic dimension

Author Simonyan R. H.
DOI 10.5922/2079-8555-2019-3-3
Pages 43-60
Article Download
Keywords border region studies, economy of border regions, dynamics of demographic processes, shadow business
Abstract (summary) In the modern world, the intensity of inter-civilizational, intercultural and interstate interaction is increasing. Border regions, territories where this interaction involves direct contact, are of great importance in this process. This has given rise to a new area of research — border region studies. The Russian Federation has the longest state border, the largest number of neighbouring countries, and centuries of experience in the peaceful existence and cooperation between different cultures. Most importantly, the country straddles two continents. Located between two principal economic actors (the European Union and China), Russia binds the huge Eurasian continent into a single whole. It is very important to study Russian-European and Russian-Chinese border regions to make full use of their strategic advantages for the economic development of Russia. This task has been especially relevant since the deindustrialization of Russia, which occurred in the 1990s and most deeply affected the economy of the Russian periphery. In this article, I rely on the literature, national and regional statistics, and survey results to essay a border region study — a comparative analysis of the socio-economic and demographic processes taking place in Russia’s western regions bordering on the EU and eastern ones bordering on China. My findings may contribute to providing a rationale for the need to abandon a commodity-driven economic model, as well as to creating a broader theoretical and methodological framework for Russia’s strategy towards its neighbours.
1. Krugman, P.1997, Increasing Returns and Economic Geography, The Journal of Political Economy, no. 9, p. 181—188.
2. Mackinder, H. 1995, Axis of the World. Politicheskie issledovaniya [Policy studies], no. 4, p. 162—170 (in Russ).
3. Brzezinski, Z. 2009, Velikaya shahmatnaya doska [The Grand chessboard], Moscow, International relations, 280 p. (in Russ).
4. Kochegarova, T., 2015, West and East of Russia: a comparative analysis of cross-border cooperation with neighboring countries, Gorizonty ehkonomiki. [Economic horizons], no. 3, p. 33—39 (in Russ).
5. Vorotnikov, V., 2015, Vneshnyaya politika gosudarstv Baltii v nachale XXI veka [Foreign policy of the Baltic States at the beginning of the XXI century], Moscow, 272 p. (in Russ).
6. Levitov, I., 1903, Zhyoltorossiya kak bufernaya koloniya [Galtarossa as a buffer colony], St. Petersburg, 82 p. (in Russ).
7. Simonyan, R., 2010, The Concept of meso-level in relation to the region, Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological research], no. 5, p. 52—61 (in Russ).
8. Simonyan, R., 2011, Russia and the European Union: the Baltic potential for economic integration, Mirovaya ehkonomika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya [World economy and international relations], no. 4, p. 48—60 (in Russ).
9. Gilinsky, Y. (sc. ed.) 1998, Organizovannaya prectupnost’ v Rossii: teoriya i real’nost’ [Organized crime in Russia: theory and reality], St. Petersbrg, 96 p. (in Russ).
10. Novikov, D., 2010, Features of the shadow economy in the SEZ (on the example of the Kaliningrad region). Rossijskoe predprinimatel’stvo [Russian entrepreneurship], no. 1, p. 24—30 (in Russ).
11. Suharenko, A. 2011, The shadow economy of the Far East: gloomy prospects, Ojkumena. Regionovedcheskie issledovaniya. [Oikumena. Regional studies], no. 3, p. 148—156 (in Russ).
12. Reddaway, P., Glinsky, D. 2001, The Tragedy of Russia Reforms: Market Bolchevism against Democracy, Washington, D.C., US Inst. of Peace Press, 745 p.
13. Homuha, S. 2012, Problems and prospects of development of organizational and economic management of production activities of territorial production complexes in Murmansk, Rossijskoe predprinimatel’stvo [Russian entrepreneurship], no. 7, p. 162—168 (in Russ).
14. Romashkina, Y. 2017, Asymmetries of the labor market in the Republic of Karelia: the impact of migration and demographic crisis, Ekonomika truda [Labor Economics], no. 3, p. 243—256 (in Russ).
15. Lachinskii, S., Semyonov, I. 2015, Sankt-Peterburgskii primorskii region: geoekonomicheskaya transformatsiya territorii [Saint-Petersburg seaside region: geo-economic transformation of the territory], St. Petersburg, 191 p. (in Russ).
16. Klemeshev, A. 2009, Russian Exclave on the Baltic Sea: Evolution of Exclavity and Ways to Overcome It, Balt. Reg., Vol. 1, no. 2, p. 86—97. Doi:
17. Simonyan, R. 2003, Kaliningrad exclave: a new role in the context of EU enlargement, Vlast [Power], no. 10, p. 55—60 (in Russ).
18. Simonyan, R. 2003, Taking the train amber from Moscow to Kaliningrad, New Times, July 2003, p. 21—24.
19. Simonyan, R. 2004, Kaliningrad bridge to the European Union, Novoe vremya [New Times], no. 6, p. 12—14 (in Russ).
20. Poljakov, R., Durov, A. 2017, Development of the Kaliningrad region in the aspect of the formation of cluster formations, Rossijskoe predprinimatelstvo [Journal of Russian entrepreneurship], no. 12, p. 1929—1948 (in Russ).
21. Maslova, E., Shibkova, M. O. 2017, Attitudes of the Italian Parties to the Sanctions against Russia, Sovremennaya Evropa [Modern Europe], no. 3, p.122—132 (in Russ).
22. Carrère d’Encausse, E. 2007, Evrazijskaya imperiya: Istoriya Rossijskoj imperii s 1552 g. do nashih dnej [Eurasian Empire: the History of the Russian Empire from 1552 to the present day], Moscow, 432 p. (in Russ).
23. Savchenko, A. 2013, Far East in the regional policy of the Center in the 1990s (on the example of the Primorsky, Khabarovsky territories and the Amur region), Socialnye i gumnitarnye nauki na Dalnem Vostoke [Social and humanitarian Sciences in the far East], no. 3, p.146—153 (in Russ).
24. Treivish, A. 1992, Theoretical geography, geopolitics, and the future of Russia, Svobodnaya mysl [Free thought], no. 12, p. 23—33 (in Russ).
25. Schumpeter, J. A. 1995, Kapitalizm, Socializm i Demokratiya [Capitalism Socialism and Democracy], Moscow, 540 p. (in Russ).
26. Minakir, P. 2006, Ekonomika regionov. Dalnij Vostok [Regional Economy. Far East], Moscow, 848 p. (in Russ).
27. Minakir, P. 2002, Economic and social development of the Far East and Transbaikalia, Vestnik Dalnevostochnogo otdeleniya Rossijskoj akademii nauk [Bulletin of the far Eastern branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences], no. 2, p. 3—18 (in Russ).
28. Bejdina, I., Novikova, A. 2017, Cooperation between the Zabaikalye territory and China: the functioning of regional factors, including external sanctions, Izvestiya Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya «Politologiya» [News of Irkutsk state University. Series «Political Science»], no. 16, p. 23—32 (in Russ).
29. Mishchuk, S., Moshkov, A. 2017, Transformation of the territorial structure of the economy of the Jewish Autonomous region in the post-reform period, Regionalnye problem [Regional problems], no. 2, p. 57—64 (in Russ).
30. Simonyan, R. 2004, Kaliningrad exclave: the Baltic Singapore or headquarters in the region, Vneshneehkonomicheskie svyazi [Economic ties], no. 2, p. 38—46 (in Russ).
31. Geredy, Y. 2007, About some questions of development of sea ports of Primorsky Region as a basic condition of economic growth, Rossijskoe predprinimatelstvo [Russian entrepreneurship], no. 5, p. 95—101 (in Russ).
32. Blank, St. 2011, Toward a New Chinese Order in Asia: Russia’s Failure, NBR Reports, 216 p.
33. Kuznetsova, T., 2018, Population Change in the Neighbouring Regions of Russia and the European Union States, Balt. Reg., Vol. 10, no. 3, p.41—57. Doi:
34. Halikova, S. 2018, Poverty assessment of the population of Khabarovsk Krai, Vlast i upravlenie na Vostoke Rossii [Power and management in the East of Russia], no. 4, p. 2—17 (in Russ).
35. Vorotnikov, V., Gabarta A. 2016, Impact of labor migration on socio-economic development of Poland and the Baltic countries after 2004, Sovremennaya Evropa [Modern Europe], no. 6, p. 119—125 (in Russ).

Back to the section