Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office


Forgot your password?
Login As
You can log in if you are registered at one of these services:
Science is power, it reveals the relation between things, their laws and interactions
Alexander Herzen

DOI-generator Search by DOI on

Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands

Author Fedorov G. M.
DOI 10.5922/2079-8555-2018-3-7
Pages 119-135
Article Download
Keywords demographic situation, demographic situation, demographic security, Russia, Western borderlands
Abstract (summary) In this study, I address the vast and complicated problem of population replacement in Russia’s border regions. Although both national and regional demographic indicators have improved in Russia in recent years, many issues relating to sub-replacement fertility, irrational migration, etc. remain unresolved. This lends an urgency to studying regional demographic security, namely, the problems of ensuring replacement fertility, regulating migrations, and overcoming a skewed age and sex structure. I provide a detailed definition of the notion of demographic security and a list of indicators for evaluating it. I stress typological differences in the demographic situation across Russia’s western borderlands to ensure a differentiated approach to providing regional demographic security. In this study, I use economic- statistical methods, a comparative analysis, and an empirical typology of regions based on the above indicators. In terms of theory, the findings obtained can contribute to a more detailed definition of demographic security and a better methodology of regional population studies. In practical terms, the study has relevance to the development of proposals for improving national and regional demographic policy and regional strategic planning given the identified typological differences.
References 1. Barinov, S. L. 2011, Barriers to Cross-border Socio-cultural Communications, Izvestiya
Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk. Seriya Geograficheskaya, no. 1, p. 45—54 (in Russ.).
2. Katrovsky, A. P., Kovalev, Yu. P., Ridevsky, G. V. 2016, Demographic Situation and
Socio-Economic Development of the Russian-Belarusian borderland, Rossiisko-belorusskoe prigranich'e: problemy i perspektivy razvitiya [Russian-Belarusian Borderland: Problems And Development Prospects], Smolensk, p. 212—218 (in Russ.).
3. Kolosov, V. A., Vendina, O. I. (eds.) 2011, Rossiisko-ukrainskoe pogranich'e: dvadtsat'
let razdelennogo edinstva [Russian-Ukrainian Borderlands: Twenty Years of Divided Unity], Moscow, 252 p. (in Russ.).
4. Manakov, A. G. 2013, Russian-Belarusian Border: Historical-geographical Determination, Pskovskii regionologicheskii zhurnal, no. 16, p. 169—176 (in Russ.).
5. Vardomsky, L. B. 2017, The Neighborhood Factor in the Economic Development of
New Border Regions of Russia, Mir peremen [The World of Change], no. 3, p. 91—104.
6. Druzhinin, A. G., Dong, Y. 2018, One Belt — One Road Initiative: A Window of Opportunity for Russia’s Western Border Regions, Balt. Reg., Vol. 10, no. 2, p. 39—55. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2018-2-3.
7. Kolosov, V. A., Zotova, M. V., Popov, F. A., Gritsenko, A. A., Sebentsov, A. B. 2018,
Post-Soviet Borderland of Russia between East and West (Analysis of political discourse). Part I. Looking at the West, Polis (Russian Federation), 3, p. 42—59. doi: 10.17976/jpps/2018.03.04.
8. Federal State Statistics Service, available at: (accessed 15.05.2018) (in Russ.).
9. On the National Goals and Strategic Tasks of the Development of the Russian Federation for the Period up to 2024. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 204 of May 7, 1981, available at: (accessed 17.05.2018) (in Russ.).
10. Senchagov, V. K. 2005, Ekonomicheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii [Economic Security of Russia], Moscow, 896 p. (in Russ.).
11. Rybakovsky, L. L. 2004, Demographic Security: Geopolitical Aspects // Narodonaselenie [Population], no. 1, p. 43—57 (in Russ.).
12. Glushkova, V. G., Khoreva, О. B. 2014, Demographic Security of Russia and Its Regions: Problems and Ways to Solve them, Vestnik finansovogo universiteta [Bulletin of the Financial University], no. 3, p. 14—25 (in Russ.).
13. Panova, T. V. 2017, Demographic Aspects of the National Security of Russia, Ekonomika i upravlenie narodnym khozyaistvom [Economy and Management of National Economy], no. 6 (151), p. 30—33 (in Russ.).
14. Bondarenko, N. A., Syupova, M. S. 2017, Forms of Manifestation of Demographic
Security in the Region and Assessment of its Threats, Vestnik Tikhookeanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, no. 3 (46), p. 183—190 (in Russ.).
15. Karmanov, M. V., Epshtein N. D., Egorova, E. A., Smelov, P. A., Karmanov, A. M.
2013, Metodologiya analiza demograficheskoi bezopasnosti i migratsii naseleniya [Methodology of Demographic Security and Migration Analysis], Moscow, 168 p. (in Russ.).
16. Samygin, S. I., Vereshchagina, A. V. 2013, Demographic Security of Russian Society:
Criteria and Evaluation, Gumanitarnye, sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie i obshchestvennye nauki [Humanitarian, Socio-economic and Social sciences], no. 2, p. 39—45 (in Russ.).
17. Soboleva, S. V., Smirnova, N. E., Chudaeva, O. V. 2016, Demographic Security of
Russia: Regional Measuring Instruments, Mir novoi ekonomiki [The World of a New Economy], no. 4, p. 142—154 (in Russ.).
18. Malnar, D., Malnar, A. 2015, Demographic Security Trends in Southeastern Europe,
Croatian International Relations Review, Vol. 73, no. 21, p. 57—87. doi: 10.1515/cirr-2015-0011.
19. Chereshnev, V. A., Tatarkin, A. I. 2007, Socio-demographic Security of Russian Regions: Methodological Aspects, State, Trends, Economy of Region, no. 4, p. 9—26 (in Russ.).
20. Glazyev, S. Yu., Lokosov, V. V. 2012, Assessment of the Extremely Critical Values
of Indicators of the State of Russian Society and Their Use in Managing Socio-economic
Development, Vestnik Rossiiskoi Akademii nauk [Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences], Vol. 82, no. 7, p. 587—614 (in Russ.).
21. Popov, A. V., Kalachikova, O. N. 2015, Integral Indices in Assessing the Demographic Security of Territories, Natsional'nye interesy: prioritety i bezopasnost' [National Interests: Priorities and Security], no. 46, p. 56—66 (in Russ.).
22. Agafonov, N. T., Golubev, A. N. 1973, Categories and Factors of the Demographic
Situation. In: Narodonaselenie. Prikladnaya demografiya [Population. Applied Demography], Moscow, 135 p. (in Russ.).
23. Fedorov, G. M. 1991, Nauchnye osnovy kontseptsii geodemograficheskoi obstanovki
[Scientific Foundations of the Concept of Geodemographic Situation], Leningrad, 179 p. (in Russ.).
24. Kuznetsova, T. Yu. 2009, Geodemograficheskaya obstanovka v stranakh Baltiiskogo
makroregiona: problemy i perspektivy [Geodemographic Situation in the Countries of the
Baltic Macroregion: Problems and Prospects], Kaliningrad, 158 p. (in Russ.).
25. Fedorov, G. M. Current Issues in the Geodemographic Studies in Russia, Balt. Reg.,
no. 2, p. 4—21. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-2-1.
26. Klemeshev, A. P., Kuznetsova, T. Y., Fedorov, G. M. 2016, Population Dynamics:
Geographical Differences in Countries of the Baltic Sea Region, Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Vol. 11, no. 8, p. 1750—1760.

Back to the section