The Chinese Diaspora in the EU Countries :: IKBFU's united scientific journal editorial office


Forgot your password?
Login As
You can log in if you are registered at one of these services:
My faith is the belief that happiness will be given to humanity by scientific progress
Ivan P. Pavlov

DOI-generator Search by DOI on

The Chinese Diaspora in the EU Countries

Author Sluka N. A., Korobkov A. V., Ivanov P. N.
DOI 10.5922/2079-8555-2018-3-5
Pages 80-95
Article Download
Keywords ethnic diffusion, new migrants, Chinese diaspora, EU countries
Abstract (summary) This article is a further contribution to the discourse of ethnic ‘diffusion’ in European countries. The debate started on the pages of the Baltic Region journal by three authors — Yu. N. Gladky, I. Yu. Gladky, and K. Yu. Eidemiller [4]. We assume that Europe has been a major centre of attraction for immigrants in recent decades and a site for the rapid emergence of ethnic communities. Unlike Muslim immigration, a product of the Arab Spring and often a measure of last resort, Chinese immigration is a result of a certain convergence between the ideologies of the host countries, committed to multiculturalism, and the country of origin pursuing a ‘go global’ policy. We chose the EU countries as a ‘demonstration site’ and the Chinese diaspora as the object of research. Our aim is to describe the process of migration from China and the formation of a Chinese diaspora in European countries. We analyse the timeline and the scope of Chinese immigration, qualitative changes in the composition of immigrants, factors affecting the choice of the country of entry, and the quantitative parameters and settlement patterns of today’s Chinese diaspora in the region. We suggest grouping the EU Countries by the number and ‘age’ of their Chinese diasporas. We consider ethnic ‘diffusion’ as part of the ‘European project’ within Beijing’s global strategy.
1. Belyakov, D. 2017, Beijing's Strategy in Central Europe, SONAR 2050, 01.12.2017,
available at: (accessed 27.05.2018) (in Russ.).
2. Vishnevsky, A. G., Dmitriev, R. V. 2016, Global Demographic Processes in the XX —
Early XXI centuries, Geografiya mirovogo razvitiya [Geography of World Development],
no. 3, p. 197—229 (in Russ.).
3. Galstyan, A. 2018, Chinese Diasporas Began to Seize Economies of the World, Institute of Social and Economic Development, available at: (accessed 21.06.2018) (in Russ.).
4. Gladkiy, Yu. N., Gladkiy, I. Yu., Eidemiller, K. Yu. 2017, Islamic Diffusion in the
Baltics: The Fruit of European Multiculturalism, Balt. Reg., Vol. 9, no. 3, p. 30—44. doi:
5. Diasporas in the Modern World: The Regional Context and the Potential for Sustainable Development of the Country of Origin, 2018, Materials of the International Scientific Conference, International Organization for Migration, mission to Moldova, Chisinau, December 21, 2017, 594 p. (accessed 21.06.2018) (in Russ.).
6. The PRC Law on the Protection of Investors and the Rights of Returned Huatsiao and
QiaoJuang Relatives, item 2, available at:
2883/node3179/userobject6ai3723.html (accessed 12.04.2018) (in Chines).
7. How Much Does China Invest in Europe, 2017, Sputnik, 03.11.2017, available at:
http// (accessed 27.05.2018 (in Russ.).
8. Kasatkin, P. I., Ivkina, N. V. 2018, Cultural and Educational Components of the «Soft
Power» of the EU, Comparative Politics Russia, Vol. 9, no. 1, p. 26—36 (in Russ.).
9. Kondratieva, T.2010, Diasporas in the Modern World: The Evolution of the Phenomenon and Concepts, «Perspektivy». Fond istoricheskoi perspektivy ["Prospects". Historical Perspective Fund], 27 February 2010, available at: (accessed 27.05.2018) (in Russ).
10. Korobkov, A. V. 2016, The Largest Migration Systems in the World: General Trends
and Differences. In: Kolosov, V. A., Sluka, N. A. Geografiya mirovogo khozyaistva: traditsii, sovremennost', perspektivy [Geography of the World Economy: Traditions, Modernity, Prospects] Moscow-Smolensk, p. 313—327 (in Russ).
11. Kuznetsova, T. Yu. 2012, Demografiya s osnovami etnografii [Demography with the
Basics of Ethnography], Kaliningrad, 93 p. (in Russ).
12. Larin, A. G. 2008, Kitai i zarubezhnye kitaitsy [China and overseas Chinese], Moscow, 96 p. (in Russ.).
13. Bulatov, A. S. (ed.) 2017, Mirovaya ekonomika i mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya [World Economy and International Relations], 916 p. (in Russ.).
14. Macron Said that the Migration Crisis in the EU has Grown into a Political, 2018,
Tass, Russian News Agency, June 24, 2018, available at: 26.06.2018) (in Russ.).
15. Poloskova, Т. V. 2002, Sovremennye diaspory: vnutripoliticheskie i mezhdunarodnye
aspekty [Modern Diasporas: Domestic Political and International Aspects], Moscow, 284 p. (in Russ.).
16. Rozhdestvenskaya, Ya. 2017, Chinese Investments in Europe Reached a Record Level, Kommersant, January 26, 2017, available at: (accessed 27.05.2018) (in Russ.).
17. Felde, A. V. 2015, «New» Chinese Migration as a Factor in China's Modernization.
Master. Thes., Ekaterinburg, Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia BN. Yeltsin, 122 p., available at: v.felde_2015.pdf (accessed 20.05.2018) (in Russ.).
18. Shatilo, D. P. 2018, Social Differentiation of Urban Areas (Based on the Cost of
Housing and Resettlement of Immigrants in Major European Capitals), PhD Thes., Moscow, Lomonosov Moscow State University named after, 27 p. (in Russ.).
19. Chinatownology, available at: (accessed 12.04.2018).
20. Eurostat, available at: (accessed 12.04.2018).
21. Global Migration: Demographic Aspects and Its Relevance for Development, 2013,
U. N. Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Technical Paper, no. 6.
22. Global Migration Map: Origins and Destinations, 1990—2017, available at: http:// (accessed 12.04.2018).
23. Human Development Report, 2015, available at:
files/hdr_2015_statistical_annex.pdf (дата обращения 15.04.2018).
24. Inkpen Ch. 7 Facts About World Migration, 2014, Pew Research Center, available at: (accessed 15.04.2018).
25. International Migration Report 2015, 2016, N. Y., U. N., Department of Economic
and Social Affairs, Population Division.
26. Joppke, Ch. 2011, Trends in European Immigration Policies, In: Burgess, J. P., Gutwirth, S. (eds.) A Threat Against Europe? Migration and Integration, Brussels.
27. Latham, K., Wu, B. 2013, Chinese Immigration into the EU: New Trends, Dynamics
and Implications, London.
28. Lipset, S. M. 1960, Political Man. Garden City, N. Y.
29. Ministry of Commerce People’s Republic of China, available at: http://english. (accessed 12.04.2018).
30. Open Doors, Project-Atlas of Student Mobility, 2012, Institute of International Education, N. Y. 
31. Overseas Community Affairs Council (OCAC), 2018, United Nations Statistics Division, available at: (accessed 15.04.2018).
32. Parker, D. 1998, Chinese People in Britain: Histories, Futures and Identities, L.
33. Pieke, F. 2002, Recent Trends in Chinese Migration to Europe: Fujianese Migration
in Perspective, Geneva, 60 р.
34. Ravenstein, E. G. 1889, The Laws of Migration, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Vol. 52, p. 241—301.
35. Rokkan, S. 1967, Geography, Religion and Social Class: Cross-cutting Cleavages in
Norwegian Politics, N. Y.
36. Tan, C.-B. (ed.) 2013, Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora, N. Y., 512 p.
37. Simmel, G. 1908, Soziologie, Leipzig.

Back to the section