The Baltic Region

2017 Vol. 9 №4

Back to the list Download an article

Cross-Border Tourist Routes: The Potential of Russia’s North- West

DOI
10.5922/2079-8555-2017-4-7
Pages
97-112

Abstract

Developing cross-border tourist routes is an effective way of developing cooperation between border regions of Russia and the neighbouring countries. The author presents an approach that interprets cross-border tourist routes as an instrument for the conservation, reproduction, and promotion of natural, cultural, and historical potential and as a means to boost business activities in border regions. This article summarises international practices and presents the theoretical and practical aspects of designing and developing transboundary tourist routes in the border regions of Russia’s North-West. The author describes successful tourist routes within the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) crossborder cooperation programmes. Particular attention is paid to the routes in the Republic of Karelia — the Blue Road, the White Road, and the Mining Road. The article stresses the importance of developing transboundary tourist routes in the border regions of Russia’s North-West. Designing and developing transboundary tourist routes is a step towards a transboundary tourist space. The author outlines avenues towards the development of transboundary tourist routes and transboundary tourism in the border regions of Russia’s North-West.

Reference

1. Ambrose, I., Balmas, S., Barragán Iturriaga, A. 2013, Accessible Routes in Historical Cities: Best Practice Guide, European Foundation Centre, Brussels, Belgium. p. 38.
2. Baltic Culture and Tourism Route Fortresses, 2007, Results of trans-national cooperation in INTERREG-III-B project 2005—2007, Berlin, p. 146.
3. Bâtea (Bota), C.-M. 2014, Cross-border projects  means for sustainable tourism development along the Romanian-Hungarian border, Analele Universităţii din Oradea, Seria Geografie, no. 2, December, p. 134—142.
4. Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe, available at: http://culture-routes.net/sites/default/files/files/CR%20Brochure%20eng%20web_compressed.pdf (accessed 18.11.2016).
5. European Route of Brick Gothic, available at: http://www.eurob.org/index.php/Homepage;1/4 (accessed 18.11.2016).
6. Kovács, I., Nagy, G. 2013, Tourism in peripheric regions  the possibilities of thematic routes, Analele Universității din Oradea. Seria Geografie, no. 2, p. 220—228.
7. Project «Shtetl Routes. Vestiges of Jewish cultural heritage in cross-border tourism», available at: http://teatrnn.pl/kalendarium/node/1833/project_shtetl_routes_vestiges_of_jewish_cultural_heritage_i.... (accessed 24.01.2017).
8. Räikkönen, Ju., Honkanen, A. 2015, The Helsinki-Tallinn tunnel — possibilities for Finnish and Estonian tourism, Baltic Rim Economies, no. 4, p. 33.
9. The European cycle route network EuroVelo, 2012, European Parliament's Committee on Transport and Tourism, European Union, Brussels, p. 190.
10. The official Central and Eastern European Greenways website, available at: http://www.greenways.by/index.php?content&id=32&lang=ru (accessed 24.01.2017).
11. The official Iron Curtain Trail website, available at: http://www.ironcurtaintrail.eu/en/index.html (accessed 24.01.2017).
12. Alexandrova, A. Yu. 2015, The Silk Road; the geopolitical, geographic and economic aspects of designing cross-border tourism route, Nauki o Zemle. Nauka. Innovacii. Tehnologii [Earth sciences. Science. Innovation. Technologies], no 2, p. 68—77. (in Russ.)
13. Andreev, V. A., Ostropol’tsev, S. Yu. 2016, International transportation routes as a factor of the trans-border clusters emergence. Тhe Territory Of New Opportunities, The Herald of Vladivostok State University of Economics and Service, no. 2, p. 14—22. (in Russ.)
14. Balykova, E. The “Blue road”  our favourite project, available at: http://monuments.karelia.ru/o-centre/25-letie-centra/jubilejnaja-gazeta/golubaja-doroganash-ljubimyj.... (accessed 27.01.2017). (in Russ.)
15. Belarus and Russia plan to create a 500-kilometer-long tourist route "to the reserved places Lakeland." The official website of the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in the Russian Federation, available at: http://embassybel.ru/news/7c7dbd1dd8a0.html (accessed 24.01.2017). (in Russ.)
16. The water route "Trade route Navinskogo merchant", available at: http://seb-park.ru/blogs/?page_id=124 (accessed 18.11.2016). (in Russ.)
17. Kaliningrad Region and Poland will develop a common tourist routes, available at: http://kgd.ru/news/polsha/item/59360-dlya-kaliningradskoj-oblasti-i-polshirazrabotayut-obshhie-turis.... (accessed 24.01.2017). (in Russ.)
18. Information on the implementation of international projects in the field of tourism in the Republic of Karelia. The official internet-portal of the Republic of Karelia Karelia, available at: http://www.gov.karelia.ru/gov/Power/Ministry/ Development/Tourism/tourproj.html#04 (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
19. Web mapping — Google maps, available at: https://www.google.ru/maps?source=tldsi&hl=ru (accessed 07.08.2017).
20. Royal Road. Vyborg Information and Travel Portal, available at: http://www.vbrg.ru/articles/korolevskaja_doroga/ (accessed 18.11.2016). (in Russ.)
21. Kropinova, E. G. 2014. Project “Crossroads 2.0” in the creation of the crossborder tourism region in the South-Easten Baltic area, Pskovskiy regionologicheskiy zhurnal [Pskov regionologicheksy journal], no. 17, p. 53—59.
22. Kropinova, E., Anokhin, A. 2014, The Development of New Trans-border Water Routes in the South-East Baltic: Methodology and Practice, Balt. Reg., Vol. 6, no. 3, p. 121—136. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-3-11.
23. Kropinova, E. 2013, More documents from Kropinova, Elena More documents from Baltic Region Export to your Reference Manger Please Copy & Paste Bibtex-Export Endnote-Export Display Statistics Weiterempfehlen Bookmark and Share Cooperation between Russia and the EU in the field of innovative development of tourism: the case of the Lithuania — Poland — Russia cross-border cooperation programme, Balt. Reg., Vol. 5, no. 4, p. 48—57. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555- 2013-4-5.
24. Pomorova, S. B., Shishina, M. Yu. (eds.) 2011, Mezhdunarodnyj turisticheskij marshrut na transgranichnoj territorii «Zolotoe kol'co Altaya» [International tourist route on the cross-border area "Golden Ring of Altai"], Barnaul, p 95. (in Russ.)
25. International tourist route "The Great Tea Road: Manchuria — Siberia" will pass through Chita, Ulan-Ude and Irkutsk, available at: http://mkrf.ru/press-center/news/ministerstvo/v-chite-budet-dan-start-turistskomu-transgranichnomu-z.... (accessed 18.11.2016). (in Russ.)
26. Museums and cultural attractions on the international route "Blue Road" in Karelia, available at: http://kgkm.karelia.ru/site/section/287 (accessed 18.11.2016). (in Russ.)
27. Norwegian Hurtigruten shipping lines plan to launch a ferry to Murmansk, available at: http://www.ratanews.ru/news/news_19022014_3.stm (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
28. Otchet o nauchno-issledovatelskoy rabote po okazaniyu uslug po provedeniyu issledovaniya po monitoringu razvitiya turizma v Respublike Kareliya i razrabotke srednesrochnogo plana nauchnykh i marketingovykh issledovaniy v sfere turizma v Respublike Kareliya [The report on research work to provide services for conducting research on the development of tourism in the monitoring of the Republic of Karelia and the development of the medium-term plan for scientific and marketing research in the sphere of tourism in the Republic of Karelia], 2016, Institute of Economics of Karelian Research Centre of RAS, Petrozavodsk, p. 112. (in Russ.)
29. The official website of the project «Mining Road», available at: https://miningroads.ru/ (accessed 18.11.2016).
30. The official website of the project «White road», available at: http://old.nko-karelia.info/%D0%B1%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%8F-%D0%B4%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%B3%D0%B0.html (accessed 18.11.2016).
31. Megem, М. E., Anokhin, A. Y., Spiriajevas, E. (eds.) 2015, CROSSROADS.New water tourist routes within cross-border area of Poland, Lithuania and Russia, adjacentto the Curonian and Vistula lagoons, catalogue, Kaliningrad, 312 p.
32. Petersburgers have presented a new international tourist route, available at: https://ok-inform.ru/obshchestvo/kultura/64413-peterburzhtsam-predstavili-novyj-mezhdunarodnyj-turis.... (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
33. EU cross-border cooperation programs Russia, available at: http://rus-euculture.ru/rf/enpi-cbc/ (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
34. CBC Programme EU — Russia. Ministry of Economic Development ofRussia, available at: http://economy.gov.ru/minec/activity/sections/mps/programs/ (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
35. Rumyantsev, P. Marshruty druzhby: Latviya  EHstoniya  Rossiya [Routes of the friendship Latvia  Estonia  Russia], available at: http://www.rstnw.ru/marshrutyi-druzhbyi-latviya-estoniya-rossiya-chast-i.html (accessed 18.11.2016).(in Russ.)
36. Stepanova, S. V. 2016, General Trends and Features of Tourism Infrastructure Development in Russia’s Regions, Moscow University Economics Bulletin, no 3, p. 68—84.
37. Stepanova, S. V. 2014, Cross-border Tourism in the Russian Northwest: General Trends and Features of Development, Balt, Reg., Vol. 6, no. 3, p. 109—120. doi: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-3-10.
38. The tourist route "The Island of the two rivers", 2013, available at: http://fuyuan.ru/3204/ (accessed 02.02.2017). (in Russ.)
39. A fascinating journey through the Via Hanseatica, available at: https://euro-pulse.ru/euroexpress/uvlekatelnoe-puteshestvie-po-via-hanseatica (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
40. Finns intend to open the tourist water route from Krasnoyarsk to Finland, available at: https://www.votpusk.ru/news.asp?msg=543200 (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
41. Chub, M. A. 2012, Heilongjiang Amur region: projects and prospects of international tourism, Evrazijskaya integraciya: ehkonomika, pravo, politika [Eurasian integration: economics, law, politics], no. 12, p. 69—74. (in Russ.)
42. Shekov, V. A. 2015, Geological, mining and industrial heritage of Finnish Karelia. Cross-Border Cooperation Programme project ENPI CBC “Karelia” KA 334 “Mining road”, Trudy Karel'skogo nauchnogo centra RAN [Proceedings of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences], no. 7, p. 205—210. (in Russ.)
43. The Cultural Heritage of the Silk Road on the Map, available at: http://ru.unesco.org/silkroad/interactive-map-of-the-silk-road (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)
44. Shorohov, E. A., Gromov, V. V., Chervyakov, O. V., Shlyamin, V. A. 2001, Mezhdunarodnyj opyt razvitiya turizma v rossijskoj chasti Barenceva Evro-Arkticheskogo regiona [International experience in the development of tourism in the Russian part of the Barents Euro-Arctic Region], Petrozavodsk, p. 23. (in Russ.)
45. Eco-efficient technologies along the "Blue Road", available at: http:// northcentre.ru/file.php/id/f5520-file-original.pdf (accessed 14.02.2017). (in Russ.)