The Baltic Region

2016 Issue №3

Back to the list Download the article

Development of Sea Port in Gdynia



Seaports operate on a highly competitive global transport market. To retain its competitive position a port (terminal) must strengthen its competitive advantages in all fields of activity. Ports are to expand and modernize their infrastructure and superstructure, and develop links with the hinterland and the foreland. The article describes how the port of Gdynia manages to meet these challenges. The author analyses the period 2007—2015. Special attention is paid to the port development plan for 2020. The EU Structural Funds has provided a good opportunity to strengthen the competitive position of the port by making investments in the port infrastructure and superstructure. It allowed the port to strengthen its links with the hinterland. The author uses a set of fundamental, analytical and technical research methods to analyse materials provided by the port authority and the port terminal operators. By the end of 2015, the port authority had completed five investment projects, including the modernization of th ree wharfs and a rail terminal, the development of the port infrastructure aimed to provide services to ro-ro ships. Strategically important projects for the coming years include dredging and widening of the port channel, fairways and the internal basin. Cooperation between the port and the city authorities allowed the port administration to improve road access to the port of Gdynia. The key investment project aims to link the port of Gdynia to the TriCity ring road. Apart from it, there are plans to improve access to the railroad network. Railway line 201 to Bydgoszcz is to be modernised to transport cargoes from Gdynia further inland. The current and future strategic investments create conditions for growth in handling both container and other types of cargo in the port of Gdynia and significantly improve competitiveness of the maritime sector.


1. Álvarez-SanJaime, Ó., Cantos-Sánchez, P., Moner-Colonques, R., Sempere-Monerris, J. J. 2015, The impact on port competition of the integration of port and inland transport services, Transportation Research, Part B, no. 80, p. 291—302.
2. Baird, A. J. 2000, Port privatization: objectives, extent, process, and the UK experience, International Journal of Maritime Economics. Vol. 2, no. 3, p. 177—194.
3. Bocheński, T., Palmowski, T. 2015, Polskie porty morskie i rola kolei w ich obsłudze na przełomie XX i XXI wieku [Polish Seaports and Role of Railways in Transport Service of Port Hinterland at Turn of XX and XXI Centuries], Regiony Nadmorskie [Coastal Regions], no. 23, p. 7—198.
4. Chang, H-J. 2002, Breaking the mould: an institutionalist political economy alternative to the neo-liberal theory of the market and the state, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 26, no. 5, p. 539—559.
5. Hartley, K., Parker, D., Martin, S. 1991, Organizational status, ownership and productivity, Fiscal Studies, Vol. 12, no. 2, p. 46—60.
6. Imai, A., Nishimura, E., Papadimitriou, S., Liu, M. 2006, The economic viability of container mega-ships, Transportation Research, Part E, no. 42, p. 21—41.
7. Misztal, K., Szwankowski, S. 1999, Organizacja i eksploatacja portów morskich [Organization and Exploitation of Seaports], Gdańsk.
8. Palmowski, T. 2011, Port gdyński w pierwszej dekadzie XXI wieku [Sea Port in Gdynia in First Decade of XXI Century]. In: Marciniak, K., Sikora, D., Sokołowski, K. (eds.), Koncepcje i problemy badawcze geografii [Geographical Research Concepts and Problems], Bydgoszcz.
9. Strategia rozwoju portu Gdynia do 2027 roku [Development Strategy for Gdynia Port to the year 2027], 2014, Gdynia.
10. Tongzon. J., Heng, W. 2005, Port privatization, efficiency and competitiveness: Some empirical evidence from container ports (terminals), Transportation Research, Part A, no. 39, p. 405—424.
11. Zembrzycka-Kwiatkowska, A. 2015, Rynek przewozów promowych z Polski do Szwecji w 2014 roku [Market of Ferry Transport from Poland to Sweden in 2014], Gdańsk.