The Baltic Region

2015 Issue №1(23)

Back to the list Download an article

Structural and Functional Characteristics of the Spatial Development of Rural and Urban Areas in the Northwestern Economic District



This article is dedicated to the problem of increasing spatial polarisation in the population distribution systems of the Leningrad, Novgorod, and Pskov regions. The author examines the impact of development and distribution of factors of production on demographic processes and trends in the transformation of the population distribution system. Based on an analysis of the sectoral structure of economy and demographic development trends, the author proposes a functional typology of urban and rural settlements. He stresses the discrepancy between the established population distribution systems and the demographic trends in regional development. It is suggested in the paper that the overcoming of spatial heterogeneity should be considered at the regional level from the perspective of improving the stability of district population distribution systems and strengthening organisational and economic ties between urban and rural areas. The author issues a number of recommendations for overcoming the spatial differentiation and ensuring a balanced development of district population distribution systems.


1. Alaev, E. B. 1983, Social'no-jekonomicheskaja geografija. Ponjatijno-terminologicheskij slovar' [Socio-economic geography. Conceptual and terminological dictionary], Moscow.
2. Baza dannyh pokazatelej municipal'nyh obrazovanij [Database performance municipalities], available at: (accessed 24.01.2014).
3. Gosudarstvennyj komitet Pskovskoj oblasti po jekonomicheskomu razvitiju i investicionnoj politike [State Committee of the Pskov region on economic development and investment policy], available at: (accessed 24.01.2014).
4. Investicionnyj portal Leningradskoj oblasti [Investment portal of the Leningrad Region], available at: (accessed 24.01.2014).
5. Investicionnyj portal Novgorodskoj oblasti [Investment portal of the Novgorod region], available at: (accessed 24.01.2014).
6. Koncepcija dolgosrochnogo social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija Rossijskoj Federacii na period do 2020 goda (utverzhdena rasporjazheniem Pravitel'stva RF ot 17 nojabrja 2008 g. N 1662-r) [The concept of long-term socio-economic development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2020 (approved by governmental decree on November 17, 2008 N 1662-r)], 2008, available at: (accessed 24.01.2014).
7. Lappo, G. М. 1983, Koncepcija opornogo karkasa territorial'noj struktury narodnogo hozjajstva: razvitie, teoreticheskoe i prakticheskoe znachenie [The concept of the reference frame of the territorial structure of the economy: development, theoretical and practical significance], Izvestija AN SSSR, Ser. Geografija [Izvestiya AN SSSR, Ser. Geography], no. 5, p. 16—28.
8. Litovka, О. P. 1976, Problemy prostranstvennogo razvitija urbanizacii [Problems of spatial development of urbanization], Leningrad, 100 p.
9. Martynov, V. L., Sazonova, I. Е. 2012, The territorial structure of productive forces of Russian North-West in the 2000—2010s, Balt. Reg., no. 1 (11), p. 81—88. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2012-1-10.
10. Pertsik, Е. N. 2006, Rajonnaja planirovka (territorial'noe planirovanie) [Regional planning (land use planning)], Moscow, 398 p.
11. Skaterschikov, S. V., Chistobaev, А. I. 2014, Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation, Balt. Reg., no. 1 (19), p. 104—112. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-1-9.
12. Sobolev, А. V. 2013, Prostranstvennye osobennosti vlijanija poljarizovannogo razvitija na municipal'nye obrazovanija Severo-Zapadnogo jekonomicheskogo rajona [Spatial features of influence on the development of polarized municipalities of Northwest Economic Region], Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser. 7 [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. Ser. 7], no. 3, p. 168—177.
13. Horev, B. S. 1981, Territorial'naja organizacija obshhestva [Territorial organization of society], Moscow, 320 p.
14. Chistobaev, А. I., Krasouskaya, О. V., Skaterschikov, S. V. 2010, Territorial'noe planirovanie na urovne subektov Rossii [Spatial planning at the level of Russia], St. Petersburg, 296 p.
15. Sharygin, M. D., Nazarov, N. N., Subbotina, T. V. 2005, Opornyj karkas ustojchivogo razvitija regiona (teoreticheskij aspekt) [The reference frame of sustainable development of the region (theoretical aspect)], Geograficheskij vestnik [Geographic bulletin], no. 1—2, p. 15—22.