The Baltic Region

2012 Issue №4(14)

Back to the list Download the article

On the historical context of innovative development in Russia



The present analysis is based on the institutional model of research on social processes. Thus, the idea of possible modernisation of Russian society rests on the consideration of the current situation in the field of economics, management, and science. On the basis of a secondary analysis of statistical data and the works of Russian and international sociologists, this article describes the fundamental conceptual framework of the modernisation of Russian society. In particular, it focuses on the criticism of the modernisation project initiated by the forces that present themselves as conservative. The author also mentions significant problems arising during the modernisation of Russian society; these problems are rooted in both objective conditions of the on-going process and subjective factors. The article addresses the emergence and development of the modernisation idea in Russia. The relevance of this work lies in theidentification of the features of the transition of Russian society into a new phase, which reflects the trends of global innovative processes.


1. Golubovich, А. D., Idrisov, А. B., Inozemtsev, V. L., Titov, B. Yu., Spiegel, М. М. 2009, Vyhod iz krizisa: otkaz ot syr'evoj modeli. Novaja industrializacija [Out of the crisis: the rejection of raw model. new Industrialization], Ezhegodnyj jekonomicheskij doklad «Delovoj Rossii» [The annual economic report "Business Russia"], Moscow.
2. Narodnoe hozjajstvo SSSR za 70 let. Jubilejnyj statisticheskij ezhegodnik [The national economy of the USSR for 70 years. Jubilee Statistical Yearbook], 1987, Moscow, Finansy i statistika.
3. Putin, V. V. 2000, Rossija na rubezhe tysjacheletij [Russia at the turn Millennium], Kaliningradskaja Pravda, 12 January.
4. Salmin, А. М. 1999, Rossija, Evropa i novyj mirovoj porjadok [Russia, Europe and the New World Order], Polis, no. 2, p. 10—31.
5. Bashkatova, А. 2011, Ottok kapitala i utechka mozgov — vmesto razvitija [Capital flight and brain drain — instead of development], Nezavisimaja gazeta [Independent newspaper], 9 June.
6. Petrakov, 1999, N. Ya. Vse vzgljady v nash karman [All views in our pocket], Delovoj vtornik [Business Tuesday], 17 August.
7. Osipov, G. V., Levashov, V. К., Lokosov, V. V., Hlopiev, А. Т. 1996, Perestrojka i radikal'nye reformy: desjat' let spustja [Restructuring and radical reform: ten years later], Social'no-politicheskij zhurnal [Socio-political journal], no. 1, p. 170—184.
8. Executive Order on implementing state policy in science and education, 2012, President of Russia, 7 May, available at: http://eng. kremlin. ru/acts/3768 (accessed 7 September 2012).
9. Rossija poterjala poziciju v rejtinge chelovecheskogo razvitija [Russia lost its position in the ranking of human development], 2011, Rambler-Novosti [Rambler-News], 5 November, available at: http://news. rambler. ru/11674697 (accessed 14 June 2012).
10. Putin, V. V. 2003, Annual Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, President of Russia, 16 May, available at: http://archive. speeches/2003/05/16/0000_type70029type82912_44692.shtml (accessed 15 July 2012).
11. Grigoriev, L. М. 2004, V poiskah puti [Finding the way], Strategija Rossii [Russia's Strategy], no. 2, p. 13—24, available at: fullnews _arch_to.php?subaction=showfull&id=1076446310&archive=1076446855&start_from=&ucat=14& (accessed 17 July 2012).
12. Medvedev, D. А. 2009, Presidential Address to the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, President of Russia, 12 November, available at: http://archive.kremlin. ru/eng/speeches/2009/11/12/1321_type70029type82912_222702.shtml (accessed 20 August 2012).
13. Medvedev, D. А. 2009, Rossija, vpered! [Russia let's go!], Gazeta. Ru, 10 September, available at: http://www. gazeta. ru/comments/2009/09/10_a_3258568.shtml (accessed 28 August 2012).
14. Ermahanova, S. А. 2005, Teorija modernizacii: istorija i sovremennost' [Modernization theory: Past and Present]. In: Aktual'nye problemy social'no-jekonomicheskogo razvitija: vzgljad molodyh uchenyh [Actual problems of social and economic development: a view of young scientists], Novosibirsk, p. 233—247.
15. Dugin, А. G. 2010, Kritika koncepta modernizacii. Konservativnyj otvet na osnovanii chetvertoj politicheskoj teorii [Criticism of the concept of modernization. The conservative answer on the basis of the Fourth Political Theory], Centr Konservativnyh Issledovanij [Center for Conservative Studies], 21 March, available at: http:// (accessed 26 August 2012).
16. Shtompka, P. 1996, Sociologija social'nyh izmenenij [Sociology of social change], Moscow.
17. Coleman, J. J. 1968, Modernization. Political aspects, International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, Vol. 10, N. Y.
18. Rossija: cennosti sovremennogo obshestva [Russia: the values of modern society], 2008, POLITKOM. RU, 12 November, available at: http://www. (accessed 27 August 2012).