Механизмы обоснования норвежской политики СМР в контексте современных международных процессов :: Единая Редакция научных журналов БФУ им. И. Канта

×

Ваш логин
Зарегистрироваться
Пароль
Забыли свой пароль?
Войти как пользователь:
Войти как пользователь
Вы можете войти на сайт, если вы зарегистрированы на одном из этих сервисов:
   
Дело науки – возведение всего сущего в мысль
Александр Герцен

DOI-генератор Поиск по DOI на Crossref.org

Механизмы обоснования норвежской политики СМР в контексте современных международных процессов

Автор Буланакова М. А.
DOI 10.5922/2074-9848-2016-2-4
Страницы/Pages 67-84
Статья Загрузить
Ключевые слова Политика Содействия международному развитию, донор, страна-реципиент, ОПР, НОРАД, «Нефть для развития»
Keywords ODA, donor, recipient, NORAD, Oil for development
Аннотация Изучаются основные инструменты норвежской политики СМР на современном этапе. Анализируются усиление финансовой политики, основные механизмы обоснования участия Норвегии в СМР, рассматриваются внешнеполитические задачи скандинавского государства, реализуемые в контексте помощи. Рассматривается ряд характерных черт норвежской политики развития, изучение которых представляется важным для понимания специфики современной практики международной помощи. Реализация политики развития по каналам билатеральной и мультилатеральной помощи представляется значимым механизмом продвижения экономических и политических интересов Норвегии и выступает в качестве значимого предмета исследования. Важным для анализа в рамках статьи представляется также вопрос эволюции целей и институтов политики СМР в международной практике. Особое внимание уделяется современному повороту политики СМР к вопросам эффективности международной помощи и развития социального вектора сотрудничества через привлечение НПО, частного бизнеса и инвестирования в социальные сферы. Важным пунктом анализа представляется позиция норвежского правительства по вопросам оказания гуманитарной помощи в условиях кризисов и вооруженных конфликтов. В контексте обозначенных проблем иссследуются конкретные примеры норвежской политики СМР.
Abstract (summary) This article addresses the basic mechanisms of Norway’s current Development Assistance policy. The author analyses the strengthening of the financial policy and principal mechanisms for justifying Norway’s participation in the ODA as well as the country’s foreign policy objectives attained through assistance. The article examines specific features of Norway’s development policy, which are crucial to understand contemporary international aid practices. The country’s development policy implemented bilaterally and multilaterally is an effective mechanism of promoting Norway’s economic and political interests. It is also an important subject for research. The authors analyses the evolution of the ODA objectives, its institutions and their international expertise. Special attention is devoted to the current shift of the ODA policy to the issues of its effectiveness. The recent shift to social cooperation development by involving NGOs and private businesses and investing in the social sphere is also examined. The a rticle analyses Norway’s official position on humanitarian assistance in crises and armed conflicts. The author examines a number of cases of Norway’s International Development Assistance policy.
Список литературы 1. Бартенев В. Связка «безопасность — развитие» в современных западных исследованиях // Международные процессы. 2015. № 3, т. 13. C. 78—97.
2. Нил К., Маркова С. Аналитический обзор по информационно-коммуникационной стратегии для российской программы содействия международному развитию: анализ опыта стран-доноров // Вестник международных организаций. 2011. № 2(33). С. 65—94.
3. Содействие международному развитию : курс лекций / под ред. В. И. Бартенева и Е. Н. Глазуновой. М., 2012.
4. Addison T., Niño-Zarazúa M., Finn Tarp. AID, social policy and development // Journal of International Development. 2015. № 27. P. 1351—1365.
5. Banks N., Hulme D. The role of NGOs and civil society in Development and poverty reduction. BWPI Working Paper, 171. URL: http://www.g20civil.com/upload/iblock/9b1/rolengo.pdf (дата обращения: 15.01.2016).
6. Chiripanhura B., Niño-Zarazúa M. Aid, political business cycles and growth in Africa // Journal of International Development. 2015. № 27. P. 1387—1421.
7. Education for Development. Meld. St. 25 (2013—2014). Report to the Storting. (White Paper). URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-25-2013-2014/id762554/?ch=1&q= (дата обращения: 20.12.2015).
8. Historic increase in humanitarian aid. Press release: 2015—10—07. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/increase-humanitarian-sid/id2455931/ (дата обращения: 29.10.2015).
9. Increase of half a billion kroner for global education. Press release. 2015-10-07. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/global-education/id2456446/ (дата обращения: 29.10.2015).
10. Leiderer S. Donor coordination for effective government policies? // Journal of International Development. 2015. № 27. P. 1422—1445.
11. Minister Vidar Helgesen's introductory speech at the seminar «Jobs for the Poor: The Role of Private Sector Development» at the Christian Michelsen Institute. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/speech_cmi/id2415355/ (дата обращения: 29.10.2015).
12. Latek M. The challenge of coordinating EU development policies. Fragmentation, a disaster? // European Parliament Research Service. 2015. Р. 28.
13. NORAD (2014), The Oil for Development Programme. Annual report. 2014. URL: https://www.norad.no/globalassets/publikasjoner-2015-/oil-for-developmentannual-report-2015.pdf (дата обращения: 16.12.2015).
14. NORAD (2013), Health and Education. Results report. 2013. Р. 122.
15. NORAD : [Official Web-site]. URL: https://www.norad.no/ (дата обращения: 29.10.2015).
16. Norway and the United Nations: Common Future, Common Solutions, Meld. St. 33 (2011—2012) Report to the Storting. (White Paper), September 2012, MFA, Oslo. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no (дата обращения: 16.12.2015).
17. Norway increases support for UNICEF’s education efforts. Press release. 2015-07-06. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/norway-increases-supportor-unicefs-education-efforts/id2426675/ (дата обращения: 29.10.2015).
18. OECD (2012), Development Co-operation Report 2012: Lessons in Linking Sustainability and Development, OECD Publishing. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/dcr-2012-en (дата обращения: 02.11.2015).
19. OECD (2013), Development Co-operation. Peer Review. The Development Assistance Committee: Enabling effective development. Norway 2013. URL: http://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/Norway_FINAL_2013.pdf (дата обращения: 02.11.2015).
20. OECD (2014), Better Policies for Development 2014: Policy Coherence and Illicit Financial Flows, OECD Publishing. URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264210325-en (дата обращения: 15.11.2015).
21. Opportunities for All: Human Rights in Norway’s Foreign Policy and Development Cooperation. Meld. St. 10 (2014—2015) Report to the Storting (white paper). URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-10-2014-2015/id2345623/ (дата обращения: 20.01.2016).
22. Patrick W. Quirk. Calibrating U. S. and European Development Aid for the Reshaping World Order // Liberal Order in a Post-Western World. The Transatlantic Academy. 2014.
23. The Prime Minister´s Opening Speech at the Oslo Summit of Education for Development. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/smk/organization-map/primeminister-erna-solberg/speeches-and-articles/id743018/?page=2 (дата обращения: 20.01.2016).
24. State Secretary Tone Skogen's speech at the 10th anniversary of the Oil for Development Programme. 21 October 2015. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/tale-ved-ti-ars-jubileet-for-olje-for-utvikling/id2458730/ (дата обращения: 18.12.2015).
25. Tjønneland, Elling N. African development: what role do the rising powers play? // The Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Report. 2015.
26. Working together: Private sector development in Norwegian development cooperation Meld. St. 35 (2014—2015). Report to the Storting. (White paper). Summary. 2015. URL: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-35-20142015/id2423253/ (дата обращения: 15.01.2016).
Reference 1. Bartenev, V. 2015, Svjazka "bezopasnost' — razvitie" v sovremennyh zapadnyh issledovanijah, Mezhdunarodnye process, T. 13, Vol. 3, p. 78—97.
2. Nil, K., Markova, S. 2011, Analiticheskij obzor po informacionno-kommunikacionnoj strategii dlja rossijskoj programmy sodej-stvija mezhdunarodnomu razvitiju: analiz opyta stran-donorov, Vestnik mezhdunarodnyh organizacij, no. 2, p. 65—94.
3. Bartenev, V. I., Glazunova, E. N. (eds.), 2012, Sodejstvie mezhdunarodnomu razvitiju [International Development Assistance], Lecture course, Moscow, 408 p. 
4. Addison, T., Niño-Zarazúa, M., 2015, Finn Tarp. AID, social policy and development, Journal of International Development, no. 27. p. 1351—1365. 
5. Banks, N., Hulme, D. 2012, The role of NGOs and civil society. In: Development and poverty reduction, BWPI Working Paper, no. 171, June, available at: http://www.g20civil.com/upload/iblock/9b1/rolengo.pdf (accesed 15.01.2016).
6. Chiripanhura, B., Niño-Zarazúa, M. 2015, Aid, political business cycles and growth in Africa, Journal of International Development, no. 27, p. 1387—1421. 
7. Education for Development. Meld. St. 25 (2013—2014). Report to the Storting. (White Paper), available at: https://www.regjeringen. no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-25-2013-2014/id762554/?ch=1&q= (accessed 20.12.2015).
8. Historic increase in humanitarian aid, 2015, Press release, 7 July, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/increase-humanitarian-sid/id2455931/ (accessed 29.10.2015).
9. Increase of half a billion kroner for global education. 2015, Press release, 7 July, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/global-education/id2456446/ (accessed 29.10.2015).
10. Leiderer, S. 2015, Donor coordination for effective government policies? Journal of International Development, no. 27, p. 1422—1445. 
11. Minister Vidar Helgesen's introductory speech at the seminar «Jobs for the Poor: The Role of Private Sector Development» at the Christian Michelsen Institute, 2015, Bergen, 2 June, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/speech_cmi/id2415355/ (accessed 29.10.2015)
12. M. Latek The challenge of coordinating EU development policies. Fragmentation, a disaster? 2015, European Parliament Research Service, January, 28 p. 
13. NORAD, 2014, The Oil for Development Programme. Annual report, available at: https://www.norad.no/globalassets/publikasjoner-2015-/oil-for-developmentannual-report-2015.pdf (accessed 16.12.2015).
14. NORAD, 2013, Health and Education. Results report, p. 122.
15. NORAD, 2015, Official Web-site NORAD, available at: https://www.norad.no/ (accessed 16.12.2015).
16. Norway and the United Nations: Common Future, Common Solutions, Meld. St. 33 (2011—2012), 2012, Report to the Storting. (White Paper), September, MFA, Oslo, available at: vhttps://www.regjeringen.no (accessed 16.12.2015).
17. Norway increases support for UNICEF’s education efforts, 2015, Press release, 7 June, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/norway-increasessupport-for-unicefs-education-efforts/id242667... (accessed 29.10.2015).
18. Development Co-operation Report 2012: Lessons in Linking Sustainability and Development, 2012, OECD, OECD Publishing, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/dcr-2012-en (accessed 2.11.2015).
19. Development Co-operation. Peer Review, The Development Assistance Committee: Enabling effective development, 2013, OECD, Norway 2013, available at: http://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/Norway_FINAL_2013.pdf (accessed 2.11.2015).
20. Better Policies for Development 2014: Policy Coherence and Illicit Financial Flows, 2014, OECD, OECD Publishing, p. 93, available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264210325-en (accessed 15.11.2015)
21. Opportunities for All: Human Rights in Norway’s Foreign Policy and Development Cooperation. Meld. St. 10 (2014—2015), 2015, Report to the Storting (white paper), available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-10-2014-2015/id2345623/ (accessed 20.01.2016).
22. Patrick, W. 2014, Quirk. Calibrating U. S. and European Development Aid for the Reshaping World Order. In: Liberal Order in a Post-Western World, The Transatlantic Academy, May.
23. The Prime Minister´s Opening Speech at the Oslo Summit of Education for Development, 2016, Regjeringen, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/smk/organization-map/prime-minister-erna-solberg/speeches-and-arti... (accessed 20.01.2016).
24. State Secretary Tone Skogen's speech at the 10th anniversary of the Oil for Development Programme, 2015, Regjeringen, 21 October, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/aktuelt/tale-ved-ti-ars-jubileet-for-olje-for-utvikling/id2458730/ (дата обращения 18.12. 2015)
25. Tjønneland, Elling N. 2015, African development: what role do the rising powers play? The Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre. Report, January, 9 p. 
26. Working together: Private sector development in Norwegian development cooperation Meld. St. 35 (2014—2015), 2015, Report to the Storting. (White paper), Summary, available at: https://www.regjeringen.no/en/dokumenter/meld.-st.-35-20142015/id2423253/ (accessed 15.01.2016).

Назад в раздел