Эффект сжатия социально-экономического пространства в условиях приграничья (на примере СЗФО) :: Единая Редакция научных журналов БФУ им. И. Канта

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Трудных наук нет, есть только трудные изложения
Александр Герцен

DOI-генератор Поиск по DOI на Crossref.org

Эффект сжатия социально-экономического пространства в условиях приграничья (на примере СЗФО)

Автор Романова Е.А., Виноградoва О.Л., Фризина И.В.
DOI 10.5922/2074-9848-2015-3-3
Страницы/Pages 38-61
Статья Загрузить
Ключевые слова сжатие социально-экономического пространства, коммуникативная связность, хозяйственное освоение территории, депопуляция
Keywords socioeconomic space compression, communicative connectivity, economic development of territories, depopulation
Аннотация Явление сжатия социально-экономического пространства широко обсуждается на протяжении последних десятилетий в двух аспектах: коммуникативном сжатии, связанном с развитием средств транспорта и информационных систем, и физическом, — которое выражается в сокращении активно осваиваемого пространства. Оба эти процесса взаимосвязаны и имеют различное пространственное выражение в зависимости от конкретных географических условий, экономических и природных, а также исторических и политических особенностей региона. Для установления закономерностей коммуникативного и физического сжатия пространств использовались сравнительно-картографический, статистический и исторический методы исследования, построены схемы, отражающие пространственную дифференциацию социально-экономических характеристик отдельных областей СЗФО. В качестве объекта исследования выбраны приграничные территории, где были изучены основные проявления эффекта сжатия: транспортной связности, уровня развития сельского хозяйства и депопуляции. Все показатели, отражающие процесс сжатия пространства, рассматривались для субъектов в муниципальном разрезе. Определены основные особенности проявления сжатия социально-экономического пространства для приграничных регионов СЗФО.
Abstract (summary) The so-called “compression” of social and economic space has been the subject of quite a few studies in the past decades. There are two principle types of compression: communicative, that is, associated with the development of transport and information systems, and physical, manifested in the rapid decrease of the number of new territories to explore. While physical and communicative compression are interrelated, they have different spatial expressions depending on geographical conditions, economic, environmental, historical, and political characteristics of the re-gion. The authors identify the patterns of communicative and physical space com-pression using comparative mapping, statistical and historical research methods, and a model showing the spatial differentiation of regional socioeconomic charac-teristics in the Northwestern Federal District. The study focuses on border areas, where the following key manifestations of compression have been identified: trans-port connectivity, level of agriculture development, and depopulation. All these indicators of space compression process are studied at the municipal level. The authors identify the key features of socioeconomic space compression for the border areas of the Russian Northwest.
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