On the Responsibility of the Ideas of Legal Positivism for Doctrinal Support for National Socialism in Germany
In this article, I analyse a concept proposed within German legal science, namely that of the responsibility of legal positivism for promoting National Socialism in the 20th century. An analysis of relevant works by German and Russian legal scholars has shown that the concept rests on false premises and the ideas of positivism had no influence on the criminal National Socialist regime.
Supranational party system of the EU
The article confirms the hypothesis that a multiplicity of parties of the European and national levels forms the party system of the European Union (EU). The authors describe the main characteristics of Europarties and political groups comprised of them as key actors in the European Parliament’s (EP) political and legislative processes....
The role of International trade in improving the competitiveness of Saint Petersburg
... competitive ability. This article has theoretical and practical significance for experts studying regional competitiveness, for regional authorities, and the business community.
1. Anholt, S. 2007, Competitive Identity. The New Brand Management for Nations. Cities and regions, London, 128 p.
2. Avraham, E., Ketter, E. 2007, Media Strategies for marketing place in crisis improving the image of cities, countries and tourism destinations, Oxford, 231 p.
3. Bergman, E. M., Feser, E. J. 1999, Cluster ...
The topic of cultural identity in N. Lossky’s personalism
The article considers N. O. Lossky’s methodology for interpreting the Russian national character. It is noted that N. O. Lossky identified and analyzed stable sociocultural images and their variants. Fiction, philosophical essays, and epistolary heritage are used as sources for the study.
1. Ильин И. А. Путь к очевидности....
The Vilnius issue in international relations: the historiography of the problem
... Vilnius issue as an international problem. The author analyses the origins of the Polish-Lithuanian conflict, the role of the struggle for Vilnius in the general context of the Polish-Lithuanian confrontation, and the origin and nature of Lithuanian nationalism. The article also examines historiographical perspectives on the seizure of Vilnius by the troops of the Polish general, L. Żeligowsky, and the international consequences of the violation of the Suwałki Agreement. The author pays special ...
Interactive National Language Museum and the Development of Rhetoric Culture
... http://www.museulinguaportuguesa.org.br/institucional.php (дата обращения: 05.10.2012).
5. Museu da Língua Portuguesa [Atividades]. URL: http://www.museulinguaportuguesa.org.br/atividades.php (дата обращения: 05.10.2012).
6. National Museum of Language. URL: http://www.languagemuseum.org/(дата обращения: 05.10.2012).
Effective models of national and regional educational space development
... URL: http://www.internet-school.ru/
4. Быков А. К., Липский И. А., Никитина Л. Е., Прохорова О. Г. Воспитание: современные парадигмы : монография. М., 2006.
national and regional educational spaces, self-developing space, model of interaction between social institutions, domains, globule
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
... extraction in the SEZ transitional period. The CFMER can be used for forecasting the development of exclave’s economy under different scenarios of the evolution of SEZ in the Kaliningrad region.
1. Batten, D. F. 1982, The Interregional Linkages Between National and Regional Input-Output Models, International Regional Science Review, no. 7, p. 53—67.
2. Fedorov, G., Korneevets, V., Zverev, Yu. 2011, Kaliningrad oblast of Russia in the transborder region South-Eastern Baltic, Regiony Nadmorskie, no....
National and Regional Competitiveness
National Innovative Systems and Internationalization of Research
One Country — Two Nations: Post-Reunion Germany
Foreign nationals on the Boards of Directors of Russia’s Ten Largest Non-Financial Companies Investing Overseas
... membership of the boards of directors of Russia’s ten largest outbound investors. The data used in the study come from the companies’ annual reports and official websites. The information is correct as of February 2017. It is concluded that foreign nationals hold 30 % of board seats in Russia’s ten largest non-financial companies investing abroad. US, British, and German nationals comprise two-thirds of foreign nationals on the boards of directors. Among the 30 foreign holders of board seats, ...
“Russian people” in the literature and documents of the 19th century: an experience of linguistic portraiture
... and its use in the texts of fiction and documentary literature of the 19th century. The authors explored both the socio-political concept “'Russian people” and its verbalization in Russian. The research material included examples from the Russian National Corpus, which were analysed using corpus, content-analytical and cognitive methods. This research aims to identify and to characterise the concept “Russian people”. The authors argue that it was in the 19th century that the concept “Russian ...
The formation of a multicultural educational environ-ment in primary school: Experience and prospects
This paper considers the problem of multicultural education development in primary school. The authors justify the idea that multicultural education begins with the national traditions of a family. The article identifies and describes the key goals, means, and forms of multicultural education in primary school. The practical results of multicultural education introduced at Kaliningrad school No 53 are summarised....
Coastal agglomerations and the transformation of national innovation spaces
... coastal zones) by considering the effects and inland diffusion of the exceptionally high innovative potential of coastal agglomerations. I put forward the hypothesis that coastal agglomerations are the most important transformational elements of a national innovation system. Further, I outline and systematise findings dealing with the specifics of innovative processes taking place in coastal agglomerations under the influence of the agglomerative and coastal factors. The result of this study is ...
The influence of political and socioeconomic processes in the Russian Empire on the development of the Baltic Fleet
... explores the influence of the development processes taking place in the Russian Empire on the Baltic Fleet. Five periods of the Baltic Fleet development are identified. The Fleet is interpreted as a significant element of the state mechanism for defending national interests in peace and wartime.
1. Горшков С. Г. Морская мощь государства. М., 1976.
2. История отечественного судостроения : в 5 т. СПб., 1994. Т. 1.
3. Гистория ...
Empirical results on Russian companies' innovation activity
Innovation is a vital process for countries striving to evolve and occupy a competitive position in international markets. This paper is based on research designed to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the national innovation system in Russia. The objective of the study was to examine innovation activity and innovation performance in Russia, as well as to identify the priorities of the government’s policy for promoting innovation.
1. Bauman Innovejshn....
Population Ageing as a Sociodemographic Problem in the Baltic Region
... century. A more detailed population analysis and forecast is provided for the case of the Baltic States — Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. The authors use Bayesian probabilistic predictions based on data from the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Principle research methods include multi-factor simulation modelling; some findings are presented on schematic maps. The study shows that by the end of the century the highest dependency ratio in the ...
Imagology as a Part of Compartive Literary Studies
... describes recent tendencies in the imagological studies in Russia. The author holds that imagology has a significant potential for development and the subject of this field of science can be extended due to intensifying interactions between different national cultures and literatures.
Bakhtin, M. M., 1979. Estetika slovesnogo tvorchestva [Aesthetics of Verbal Art]. Moscow. 424 p. (in Russ.).
Dima, A., 1977. The image of an alien in various national literatures. In: Printsipy sravnitel'nogo literaturovedeniya ...
On the toponymic purism in North-East Prussia in the first half of the 20th century
This article analyses the large-scale renaming campaign held by the German leadership in the late 1930s in order to Germanise the Prussian territories of the state. It is concluded that the puristic activities of German National Socialists widely discussed in the modern scientific community were inconsistent.
1. Басовская Е. Н. Советский лингвистический пуризм: слово и дело (на материале периодики ...
The concept of guerrilla warfare in Lithuania in the 1920—1930s
This article analyses the military and tactical training of the members of the Lithuanian Riflemen’s Union for guerrilla warfare in the interwar period. Small nations, such as Lithuania and other Baltic states, being unable to build up military strength in order to ensure national security, were forced to seek for unconventional methods of warfare, including guerrilla strategies. The study places emphasis on ...
The density of the even-toed ungulates in the Curonian Spit national park (based on the population monitoring data)
This article estimates the density of eventoed ungulates in the Curonian Spit national park and their distribution in the studied area. The density was calculated through the method of pellet count. The census of the mammal pop-ulation through the method of drive count was conducted alongside the daily monitoring of population....
The ideal of state and social culture according to Rus¬sian conservatives of the first quarter of the 19th century
This article analyses the conservative retrospective utopia, the main elements of which were autocracy, Orthodoxy, the principle of hierarchy, the supremacy of the rural way of life over the urban one, and the programme of national upbringing.
Рассуждение о старом и новом слоге Российского языка // Собрание сочинений и переводов. СПб., 1824. Ч. 2.
Organisation of scientific research in Germany
... Research (BMBF) bears primary responsibility for science and technology policy at the federal level. At the state level, this responsible is shared by the Ministry of Education and Science and the Ministry of Economy. The author emphasizes the role of the National Academy of Sciences “Leopoldina”, whose principal objective is to provide advisory services to German policymakers and present German science at the international level. Special attention is paid to the wide spectrum of German research agents: ...
Between nation and gender: History of beards in Western Europe and Russia, 1830—1880
... Western Europe and Russia in the 1830s—1880s. The main hypotheses explaining this phenomenon in Western Europe are analysed and the Western and Russian practices compared. It is concluded that, from the mid-19th century, the beard was a symbol of national unity – the unity of peasants and the educated class in Russia, whereas it emphasised gender inequality and the exceptional status of men in the society and politics in Western Europe.
1. Аксаков И. С. В чем сила России?...
Development of economy in conditions of liberal reforms
... постиндустриальная волна на Западе: антология. М., 1999.
и ювенальная политика в XXI веке. СПб., 2004.
Afanasenko I. D.
globalization, global politics, national wealth, raw materials,
statehood, national interests , Russian world.
Problems and prospects of EU — Russia dialogue on visa-free travel
... cooperation in implementing the visa policy, Paper presented at the 21st Council of European Studies (Columbia University) conference in Amsterdam, 25—27 July 2013.
17. Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 of 15 March 2001 listing the third countries whose nationals must be in possession of visas when crossing the external borders and those whose nationals are exempt from that requirement, 2001, Official Journal, L 81, 21.3.2001.
18. Agreement between the European Union and the Federative Republic of Brazil ...
Polish-Russian relations as reflected in the programmes of right-wing political parties in Poland: a quantitative and qualitative analysis
... important conclusions from the qualitative analysis. Firstly, international relations have a pronounced influence on the programmes of political parties. Secondly, as to the right-wing parties considered in the Polish political discourse as pro-Russian (the National Revival of Poland, the National Radical Camp), they are either far from being pro-Russian or Russia is quite low on their agenda.
Poland, political programmes, right-wing parties, Polish-Russian relations
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
In this study, I address the vast and complicated problem of population replacement in Russia’s border regions. Although both national and regional demographic indicators have improved in Russia in recent years, many issues relating to sub-replacement fertility, irrational migration, etc. remain unresolved. This lends an urgency to studying regional demographic security, namely,...
The concept “people” in the Cadet Party rhetoric
... supporters. This concept is of fundamental importance for the analysis of Cadet ideology. The concept “people” was of great political value for the Cadet party. The author correlates this concept with such notions relevant for the Party as society, nation, and nationality. The author examines the relations of “people” with the authorities, the state, the Cadet Party, the Parliament, and humanity. Special attention is paid to the evolution of cadets’ understanding of the concept “people” ...
Russian and Latvian proverbs and sayings on sin
This article examines the semantic scope of the notions of «грех / grēks» as fundamental ones in Russian and Latvian worldviews. Russian and Latvian proverbs and sayings help identify the basic, universal ideas about sin, as well as particular, national ones. The author comes to a conclusion that the Russian mentality — unlike the Latvian one — reflects the interaction and partial interference between the Christian an folk worldviews, whereas the notion of sin is found in the intersection ...
The typological features of the anthroponymicon across different genres of Old Russian literary texts
... development of the Slavic given names stemming from both Old Russian roots and loanwords. The author analyses two- and three-part male and female given names and examines their phonetic adaptation in Old Russian. Citations are selected from the Russian National Corpus.
1. Likhachev, D. S., 1997. The greatness of ancient literature. In: D. S. Likhachev, ed. Biblioteka literatury Drevnei Rusi [Library of the Ancient Rus literature]. St. Petersburg. Vol. 1, p. 9.
2. Podol'skaya, N. V., 1978. Slovar' ...
The problem of gaps, non-equivalent words and national concepts, existing in the Public Relations terminology
... культурные концепты // Языковая личность: культурные концепты. Волгоград, 1996. С. 80—96.
Имиджелогия. М., 1994.
Nechaeva E. A.
concept, national concept sphere, Public Relations, non-equivalent word, non-equivalence
Antons Austriņš as a translator of Dmitry Merezhkovsky
... the receptions of Russian symbolism in the Latvian culture of the 19th-20th centuries. The author suggests that A. Austriņš’s decision to translate D. Merezhkovsky texts was affected by the historical background of the 1910s – the formation of national ideas in the regions of the Russian empire, the search for peoples’ self-identity, and the 1905 revolution as a major historical event. Austriņš’s translations are comparable to the reception of Merezhkovsky in the national cultural environment ...
Countries of the Baltic Region in the Global Culinary Space
... different countries interact and compete. The author sets out to explore characteristic features of the culinary space of nine Baltic States as part of the global culinary space. The author uses empirical data on the number of restaurants serving different national cuisines in the main cities of the region. The Baltic culinary space incorporates the world’s leading cuisines (Italian, Japanese, Chinese, etc.) as well as the local cuisines of the BSR countries. The world’s leading cuisines prove to be ...
The population structure and the growth of the bivalve mollusc Ruditapes philippinarum in Amur bay (the Sea of Japan)
Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics. 2008. Summary tables. URL: ftp://ftp.fao.org/
Reproductive cycle of the Manila clam (
), from Hood Canal, Washington // Proceedings of the National Shellfisheries Association. 1974. Vol. 64. P. 53—58.
et al. Population dynamics of the naturalized Manila clam
in British coastal waters ...
The historical and national sources of the development of the modern Polish-Lithuanian conflict
..., the problems of Polish-Russian relations during the interbellum (1918—1939) and the period of the post-war development of the two states. The authors come to a conclusion that the modern conflict between Poland and Lithuania has a historical and national basis and its rapid resolution, despite common political objectives, can hardly be expected.
1. Гудавичюс Э. История Литвы с древнейших времен до 1569 года. М., 2005.Т. 1.
2. Конституция ...
The evolution of US political priorities in the Baltic sea region in the 2010s
... article shows how the US, motivated by the need to ‘contain’ Russia, was developing its overall approaches to ensuring its political leadership in the Baltic region. It demonstrates how Washington is planning to reduce the vulnerability of certain nations of the region to Russia’s military and non-military influence and what steps the US and its NATO allies have taken in this direction. It is argued that, although the Western military buildup in the Baltic Sea region and the US attempts to neutralise ...
Identification discourses and the problem of identity construction
... construction and the issues of interpreting the nature of identity. Through examining judgements of identification, the authors study the discursive nature of identity. The possibilities and limits of identity construction are analysed in the case of national identity.
1. Бергер П., Лукман Т. Социальное конструирование реальности. Трактат по социологии знания. М., 1995.
2. Брюшинкин В. Н. Особенности ...
Migration Flows in Europe: Space and Time Transformation
... This article is an attempt to assess the density of migration connections between European states based on the 1990—2015 quantitative data. An analysis of migration flows and relevant net migration and net migration and migration localisation at the national and regional levels makes it possible to identify key trends in the spatial and temporal transformation of this phenomenon on the European continent. Calculations suggest that an increase in migration has not narrowed the gap between source and ...
The concepts of citizenship and estate in Russian history — continuity and / or intermittence
... possible interpretation as a bearer of sovereignty. This concept goes back to the time of early bourgeois revolutions. The author holds that there are certain parallels between the ideology of citizenship, the development of the concept “people / nation” and the interpretation of the concept “citizenship”. Contemporary theoretical debates about citizenship are fully applicable to the history of the interpretation of citizenship in Russia. The United States or Great Britain have a century-long ...
Geography of external migration ties of the Kaliningrad region in the 1990s and 2000s
... 6. P. 77—83.
34. Lyalina A. Intensity of the Kaliningrad Region’s Migration Links with Russian Territories and Former Soviet Republics in 1992—2013 // Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2015. Vol. 6, № 6. P. 181—189.
35. The United Nations Demographic Yearbook 2012. URL:
(дата обращения: 21.01.2016).
36. The United Nations Demographic Yearbook 2013. URL:
Neo-Kantian and phenomenological axiology in N. N. Alekseev’s philosophy of law
... idea of the State: Essays on the history of political thought] New York, 412 p.
8. Alexeev, N. N., 1998a, Duhovnye predposylki evrazijskoj kul'tury [Spiritual preconditions of Eurasian culture] // Alexeev, N. N., Russkii narod i gosudarstvo [Russian nation and the state], Moscow, P. 142—154.
9. Alexeev, N. N., 1998b, Na putiakh k budushchei Rossii [On the way to the future Russia] // Alexeev, N. N., Russkii narod i gosudarstvo [Russian nation and the state], Moscow, P. 282—371.
10. Alexeev, N....
On the prospects of cooperation between Russian and Lithuanian innovative sectors
... sajt kompanii «Geozondas». [online] Available at: http://www.geozondas.com/index. html (Accessed 22 December 2010).
24. Kaulakienė, A. 2009. Development of the Lithuanian terminology of physics. Vilnius.
25. Butkevičius, A. (et al.). Planning of national budget expenditure. 2009. Vilnius.
26. Navarro-Aviñó, J. P. (et al). 2009. Phytoremediation: the green salvation of the world. Castellon.
27. Spruogis, B. (et al.). 2009. Theory and Application of the Means for Transmission and Stabilization ...
In pursuit of an innovation development trajectory of the Kaliningrad region
Amid growing inter-state competition, national innovation policies are increasingly seeking to promote the development of regional innovation systems to intensify innovative processes and to enhance the economic competitiveness of territories. An efficient regional innovation policy requires ...
When and why regional clusters become basic building blocks of modern economy
In this paper, we examine the modern cluster theory and the specific features of regional innovation clusters as complex adaptive systems. Clusters have become a typical pattern of industrial organization in national economies under their transition to innovation-driven model of growth. We provide an overview of the contribution of various theoretical frameworks (evolutionary theory, spatial development theory, theory of technological change and system innovation,...
Key factors of the spatial organisation of small businesses
... prerequisites necessary for the efficient functioning of small businesses. Based on the theoretical propositions and practical results of productive forces distribution, the authors identify groups of factors of spatial organization of small businesses: national and supranational level, regional level, location, and the entrepreneur. A sequential analysis of the main factors of the small business deployment showed that taking into account all the factors contributes to the efficient functioning of small ...
The ironic discourse in the works of V. Pyetsukh
The article identifies the conditions of the realisation of such crucial feature of V. Pyetuskh’s creative method as irony. It is shown that his irony is aimed at the key elements of the Russian identity — the history of Russia and the Russian national character. In this conditions, irony aims to emphasise weaknesses under the guise of humour in order to gather strength to overcome them in every moment of the present.
1. Аннинский Л. Мнение литературных критиков ...
Isaac René Guy Le Chapelier and the Flight to Varennes: sum-mer — autumn, 1791
This article analyses the influence of the Varennes crisis on the balance of political forces in the National Constituent Assembly and Le Chapelier’s and other constitutionalists’ opposition to the radicals in the Assembly and in the streets in order to strengthen the position of the king and constitutional mon¬archy.
1. Блуменау С. ...
Network Transformations in Economy
... International Journal of Industrial Organisation. 1996. № 16. P. 673—699.
17. Ernst D., Kim L. GPNs, knowledge diffusion and local capability formation //Research Policy. 2002. P. 1417—1429.
18. Forfas publications. Innovation networks. The national policy and advisory board for enterprise, science, technology and innovation, 2004.
19. Freeman L. C. Centrality in Social Networks: Conceptual Clarification //Social Networks. 1979. № 1. P. 215—39.
20. Gefferi G. The organization of ...