Author's modality as a text forming category (posing the problem)
This article considers the contentious issue of author's modality as one of the central categories of a text. The authors state their position on the structural-functional correlation of author's modality, subjective modality and axiological modality and define the features of the intracategorial relations ...
Modal particles, their function and meaning in the texts of the «St. Petersburg Vedomosti» newspaper (late 18th — mid19th centuries)
The author explores the function and role of modal particles in the texts of the St. Petersburg Vedomosti newspaper. Modal particles are describes as a means of representing the position of the author of newspaper texts, and speaking broadly, and a means of expressing subjective modality. Modal ...
Subjective modality of the literary text: ontological status in author’s conception of the world
A literary text is considered by modern linguistics as a dynamic communicative unit, in connection with which it becomes necessary to study its constituents. Subjective modality appears in a literary text as a communicative-semantic category that allows one to comprehensively represent the author’s attitude to the communicated instance. The purpose of the article stays with the need to substantiate the ontological ...
The Conjunction Functions of the Particle tolko: A Conjunction Particle vs a Conjunction Analogue
This article considers the conjunction functions of the logical and modal particle tolko. A study into the functioning of logical and modal particles led the author to identify the basic syntactic positions that determine the functional and grammatical status of the lexical units studied: the particle, the conjunction ...
The functional significance of modal evaluative component in the concept structure: The case of M. Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita
This article analyses connections between modality and concept. The au-thor explains the way modal meanings are connected to concepts, stresses the functional value of modal meanings for concept structure, and considers the structure of concept, its nuclear, and interpretation field. The concept ...
The functional features of author's intentions in the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti
This article discusses the features of the author’s modal evaluations in the texts of the first Russian newspaper Vedomosti. The article identifies modal evaluative meanings and the language means of their implementation and analyses the mechanism of interaction between objectively modal and subjectively ...
‘What can be described can happen too…’: describing text semantics as a model structure of transworld relationships
In this article, I explore the content-related and formal aspects of describing the multidimensional semantic organization of a text, particularly, I focus on the possibility of using the apparatus of modal semantics to identify the relationship between sentential complexes. To those ends, I employ the concepts of model, model structure, and centred world. The latter is a system of functions that correlate language expressions, the language expressions ...
The analysis of modus situations in expressions containing the verb to lack
... embedded in the verb meaning, which actualizes some modus situations. The objective of the article is to identify and analyse situations verbalized in the utterances with the verb ‘to lack’. These situations are the results of mental activity of the modal subject, implicitly present in the meaning of the verb ‘to lack’. When categorizing a situation, the modal subject evaluates it based on a certain norm, standard or prototype, which the situation does not correspond to. Thus, the verb ‘to ...
Infinitive sentences as a means of expressing modal semantics
The authors analyze modal semantics of infinitive sentences using examples from the Russian language of the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries. Special attention is paid to the interaction of modal semantics with the pragmatic background of the utterance. The ...
The functioning of nuclear explicators of the modal meaning of necessity in the novel "Resurrection" by Leo Tolstoy and its translation in Polish
This article deals with the nuclear explicators of the necessity micro-field — a micro-field of the situational modality – in the original and the Polish translation of L. N. Tolstoy’s novel "Resurrection". The authors establish the functional-semantic hierarchy of corresponding modal modifiers and determine general, typological, and intra-lingual ...
The functional features of the “lexical modifier + dependent infinitive” modal structures in the first Russian newspapers
On the basis of Russian periodicals of the first half of the 18th century, the author considers lexical modal modifiers that convey situational modality meanings in combination with a dependent infinitive. The article identifies the specific features of such modifiers, namely, their capacity to express subjective-modal evaluations of newspaper text authors....
Ironic assessment in Saltykov-Shchedrin’s novel The Golovlyovs
... [Irony in spoken language: discursive analytical research]. Radolfzell.
Ivanov-Razumnik, R. V., 1930. M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin. Zhizn' i tvorchestvo [M. E. Saltykov-Shchedrin. Life and work]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Kuznetsova, A. V., 2020. Subjective modality of the literary text: ontological status in author’s conception of the world. Vestnik Baltiiskogo federal'nogo universiteta im. I. Kanta. Ser.: Filologiya, pedagogika, psikhologiya [Bulletin of the Baltic Federal University I. Kant....
The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
... aesthetic judgment”. Rather, the whole characterization of the judgment of taste as a “judgment of an object grounded on a delight in it which is without any interest” shall be considered here as a means to constructing a new definition of the modal concept of “existence”. More generally, the four moments of the “Analytic of the Beautiful” contain preliminary work on the modal concepts of existence, possibility, necessity — and, of course, contingency, which is very important because ...
Imperative modality as a mechanism of creating universal human values (based on Russian and English translations of biblical idioms)
This article considers different types of imperative modality and the ways their meanings are manifested in the semantic structure of biblical idioms. It is assumed that, in biblical idioms, the formation of universal human values is based on the imperative modality represented by suggestives, requestives,...
Interrogative and imperative modality in a literary text (The case of satirical writings of the 19th/early 20th century)
The satirical works of N. V. Gogol, A. Averchenko, and I. Ilf and Ye. Petrov help consider the specific functional features of the microfield of interrogatively imperative modality in a literary text. The author establishes the structure-content correlation of the question and imperative within the given microfield and identifies the most regular means of expression of its specific meanings.
1. Бабенко Л. Г., ...
Modality, intention and intentionality
The paper focuses on some aspects of describing categories of linguistic and textual modality, intention and intentionality, as well as their interrelation.
. Общее языкознание и теория грамматики // Материалы чтений, посвященных 90-летию ...
The ontological argument: an “office” solution
There are two important facts that prevent the success of the so called "ontological argument": 1) the use of the concept of existence as a real predicate and 2) the confusion of de re and de dicto modalities. The article considers a way to overcome the former problem proposed by the Czech logician Pavel Tichý.
1. Ансельм Кентерберийский. Сочинения / пер. с лат. М., 1995.
2. Горбатова Ю. В. Модальный ...
Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
This article deals with one of the most elegant and non-standard versions of the modal onto-logical argument for God’s existence, which was proposed by the analytic philosopher Stephen Makin in 1988. He managed to avoid the famous criticism of Kant concerning the impossibility of acknowledging the predicate ‘to exist’ as real....
The Image of the World Revealed In Words: Ludwig Wittgenstein and The Iсonic Semiotics
... eidos, figura, pattern. How words help to recognize patterns and understand their reference and sense? Slovo.ru: baltiiskii aktsent [Slovo.ru: The Baltic accent], 9(2) (in Russ.). doi: 10.5922/2225-5346-2018-2.
Kripke, S., 1974. Semantic analysis of modal logic. In: R. Feis. Modal'naya logika [Modal Logic]. Moscow. pp. 253—303 (in Russ.).
Lessing, G. E., 1953. Laocoon, or the boundaries of painting and poetry. In: G. E. Lessing. Izbrannye proizvedeniya [Selected Works]. Moscow. pp. 385—516 (in ...
The verbs МОЧЬ and MÓC as core constituents of modal microfields of possibility in the Russian and Polish languages
Based on the modern Russian and Polish texts of different genres and styles, the authors consider the functioning of the Russian verb мочь and the Polish móc as main explicators of the modal meaning of possibility within their respective microfields. The article identifies the universal characteristics and intralinguistic features of the verbs’ functioning.
1. Барентсен А. О русских глаголах смочь и ...
The functioning of explicator lexemes of situational modality in the Aprakos of Mstislav the Great
Based on Mstislav the Great’s Aprakos, the authors consider the functioning of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity). The article establishes a semantic correlation between the use of these explicators and the fundamental moral and ethical postulates of Christianity.
1. Баталина К. Е. Абстрактные ...
The implementation of interrogative imperative modality in the headlines of media texts: The case of news portals
Based on the texts from Russian news portals, this article considers the functional semantic and communicative pragmatic features of using structure representing interrogative imperative modality in the headlines. The author analyses the occurrence and typology of identified examples, as well as their functionality in the context of a headline’s communicative objectives.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Фактор адресата ...
The modal potential of a newspaper text: The case of Moskovskiye vedomosty of the post-reform period of the second half of the 20th century
This article considers the category of language modality as a means to implement the author’s intentions in a newspaper text. The modal meanings indicative of the author’s attitude to the message and the means of its expression are identified. The interaction between objective and subjective modal ...
The role of explicator of situation modality in conveying spiritual awakening in L. N. Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection
On the basis of Leo Tolstoy’s novel Resurrection, the author considers the text function of linguistic units expressing the meaning of situational modality (possibility, desirability, necessity), as well as their role in the depiction of the moral revival of personality.
1. Бобровская Г. В. Семантика и прагматика риторических вопросов в текстах ...
The modal microfield of necessity in official and business documents in the Russian and Polish languages
... // Zeszyty naukowe UJ. Prace Prawnicze. Kraków, 1967. S. 141—145.
10. Словарь русского языка : в 4 т. М., 1981—1984.
11. Słownik języka polskiego / opracowanie E. Sobol. Warszawa, 2005.
Vaulina S., Magdalinskaya Ye.
modality of necessity, modal microfield, modal explicators, official style
Subjective modality in the newspaper texts of the 18th century
This article analyses the means of modality conveying the attitude of the author to the content of articles on the basis of “Vedomosti”, “St. Petersburg Vedomosti”, and “Moskovskiye Vedomosti” newspapers. The author determines the set of modal explicators, the content and expression ...
The functioning of utterances conveying the modal meaning of possibility in the texts of television commercials
This article considers the characteristic features of utterances conveying the modal meaning of possibility that forms the field of situational modality in the texts of television commercials. The author makes an attempt to classify speech situations from the perspective of the bearer of the possibility property and examines the ...
Evaluation and Modality: Interaction of Meanings in Old Russian Texts (Literary Slavic texts of the 14th — 15th Centuries)
The article considers the interaction between modality and affective evaluation on the basis of hagiography of the ХIV—ХV centuries in the framework of medieval concept of the moral meaning of the beautiful.
Мих. Яросл. Тверск. —
Михаила Ярославича ...
The features of the expression of the modal meaning of necessity in Russian and Lithuanian newspapers
This article presents a functional-semantic analysis of one of situational modality meanings — the meaning of necessity — as implemented in Russian and Lithuanian newspaper texts. The authors identify the functions of Russian modal explicators and their Lithuanian equivalents.
. Соотношение ...
Imposture as a problem of reference: semiotics of the name in Boris Godunov
... [General linguistics]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Chistov, V. K., 1996. Russkie narodnye sotsial'no-utopicheskie legendy XVII—XVIII vv. [Russian folk socio-utopian legends of the 17th—18th centuries]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Hintikka, J., 1972. The Semantics of Modal Notions and the Indeterminacy of Ontology. In: D. Davidson and G. Harman, eds. Semantics of Natural Language. Synthese. Vol. 40. Dordrecht.
Hoffmann, E. T. A., 1994. Serapion brothers. In: A. A. Gugnina, ed. «Serapionovy brat'ya» v Petrograde: ...
Subjective modality as a way of expressing author’s intentions in the first printed Russian newspaper “Vedomosti” of the times of Peter the Great
The article examines the potential of the subjective modality as a tool to implement the author’s intentions in the texts of the first Russian printed newspaper «The Vedomosti». The article reveals a significant role of the subjective-modal meanings built over the objective modality through a number ...
Formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse
... Problems of Humanitarian Education”]. Minsk. pp. 306—310 (in Russ.).
NKRYA, n. d. Natsional'nyj korpus russkogo yazyka [Russian National Corpus]. Available at:
[Accessed 10 February 2020] (in Russ.).
Petrushina, M. V. 2005. Modal'noe znachenie neodobreniya i ego rechevaya realizatsiya [The modal meaning of disapproval and its speech realization]. PhD. Moscow State Regional University (in Russ.).
Rakhilina, E. V., 2010. Lingvistika konstruktsij [Construction Linguistics]....
Meaning in life and meaning in the text (roundtable proceedings)
... performative practices. In free discussion, experts analysed various factors and parameters determining the meaningfulness of action and examined mechanisms for their interpretation. These mechanisms can be considered as manifestations of various modally different types of textualisation. Interpretation and textualisation make it possible to identify and describe the interaction between some causal and functional relations (‘meaning in life’) and their semiotic manifestation (‘meaning in ...
The prosodic means to convey modal-evaluative meanings in portrait interviews
Using texts of the journalistic genre of portrait interview, this article considers the ways to express the evaluative modal meanings of veracity/falsity and willingness/possibility/obligation by the medium of intonation. The study identifies the role of prosodic variation in achieving the pragmatic objectives of the mentioned genre.
1. Баженова Е. А. ...
Lexical explicators of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament (the Synodal translation into Russian)
In this article, I explore one of the elements of situational modality, namely, the microfield of the modality of necessity. I consider the use of lexical modifiers of the modality of necessity in the Old and New Testament. The aims of this study are to identify similarities and differences in the use of lexemes ...
Zur Subjekt-Redestruktur des axiologischen Diskurses von I. Kant
... roles of the author. This text is characterised by a more direct expression of the addressee factor, which explains the emergence of the speech acts that are absent in Kant's cognitive texts. Another substantial difference is the explicit imperative modality of this type of Kant's texts.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Язык и мир человека. М., 1996.
2. Kant I. Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten // Kant I. Werkausgabe: in 12 Bde. / W. Weischedel (Hg). Bd. 7. Frankfurt/Main, 1974....
A transcendental analysis of mathematics: The abstract nature of mathematical knowledge
... Vol. 74, № 1.
27. Beth E. Mathematical Thought. Dordrecht, 1965.
28. Burgess J., Rosen G. Subject with No Object. Oxford, 1999.
29. Field H. Science without Numbers: a Defense of Nominalism. Oxford, 1980.
30. Field H. Realism, Mathematics and Modality. Oxford, 1989.
31. Frege G. Uber Sinn und Bedeutung // Zeitschrift fur Philosophie und philosophische Kritik. Leipzig, 1892.
32. Hanna R. Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford, 2001.
33. Hanna R. Kant in the XX century. URL: ...
Author's modality in N. M. Karamzin's "Poor Lisa"
The article examines various means of expressing the author’s modality which is explicit about the author’s intentions and evaluations in “Poor Liza” by N. Karamzin. The question of relations between the “narrator” and the “author” is in the focus. The analysis og the story shows that the category ...
Measurement of liver volume using imaging techniques of various modalities
... calculate the estimated size of a normal liver. Accurate non-invasive assessment of liver volume of the individual can be performed using imaging techniques. This article describes methods to measure the liver volume using imaging techniques of various modalities (CT, MRI, ultrasound). Ultrasonography is a simple, affordable and reliable tool for the structure and size of the liver estimates using formulas for calculating the volume of the liver.
1. Блок Б. УЗИ внутренних органов ...
The functioning of interrogative hortative structures in the political discourse (based on V.V. Putin’s public speeches)
Based on the verbatim records of V.V. Putin’s public speeches, the authors examine syntactic structures representing different types of interrogative hortative modality in the political discourse. The functional-semantic and communicative features of these structures are identified in the oral speech of the mentioned discourse type.
1. Баранов А. Н. Введение в прикладную лингвистику....
Peripheral means to express incentive modality in the public service announcement discourse
... исследования : монография. URL:
(дата обращения: 04.01.2016).
public service announcement, discourse, speech influence, incentive, incentive modality
Evaluative lexis as a component of subjective modality in the Russian handwritten newspaper Vesti-kuranty
Based on the materials of the handwritten Vesti-Kuranty newspaper, this article analyses the functional significance of evaluative lexis — adjective, adverbs, and nouns with subjective modal meanings conveying expressive emotional reactions of the author of a newspaper text to the described histori-cal events, as well as the temper and actions of its participants.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Типы языковых значений: ...
Services: the ethics and aesthetics of the game
... a sphere of social and economic interac- tion with features of game, which makes it possible to approach the analysis of ethic and aesthetic properties of the game taking place in the space of service. The author attempts to define the term “game modality” as a condition for symbolic interactions.
1. Костина А. В. Массовая культура как феномен постиндустриального общества. Изд. 2-е, перераб. и доп. М., 2005.
2. Уинги ...
The role of modal meaning explicators in the structure of newspaper headlines (on the basis of news items)
Texts from modern Russian newspapers are used to demonstrate the specific features of explication of objective modality meaning through the forms of indicative mood of the present, past, and future tenses. The expression of situational modality is related to the use of modal verbs and predicatives in combination with a dependent infinitive and direct speech structure....
Cultural identity: On the definition of the concept
This article provides a detailed definition of cultural identity – a modality and an essential component of identity and its types. To this end, the study differentiates between the notions of individual and collective cultural identities as phenomena of individual and collective consciousness. Such definitions shape the ...
The modal organisation of a scientific text: dialogic markers in Russian orthographical treatises of the 16th century
The characteristic features of the modal structure of the texts that signified the initial stage of the formation of scientific style in Russian language are assessed on the basis of Russian orthographical treatises of the 16th century. The author advocates the interpretation of dialogic ...
The features of implementation of the modal meaning of obligation in S. Yesenin’s axiological world view
On the basis of S. Yesenin’s poetry, the authors consider the text function of linguistic units expressing the modal meaning of necessity. The article offers their functional and semantic hierarchy and describes their role in analysing the poet’s axiological world view.
МАС — Словарь русского языка: ...
Subjective and modal evaluation in the newspaper and media discourse
... автореф. дис. …канд. филол. наук. М., 2006.
. Пролетая над гнездом Кущёвки // Российская газета—Неделя. 2010. 16 дек.
subjective modality, author’s opinion, evaluation, newspaper and
journal discourse, analytical text.
The rhetorical question as an explicator of modal meanings in the text of the novel The brothers Karamazov by F.M. Dostoyevsky
The author considers the features of rhetorical question as an explicator of modal semantics in the novel The Brothers Karamazov by Fyodor Dostoevsky. The article identifies the scope of objective modality and subjective modality meanings of rhetorical question and addresses its text-forming function.
The Northern Dimension policy: current state and development prospects
... (Accessed 22 July 2010).
11. Action Plan for Northern Dimension with external and cross-border policies of the European Union 2000—2003. 2000. European Council. Doc. No. 9401/00 NIS 76, Brussels, 14 June.
12. Memorandum of Understanding setting out the modalities of establishing the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture. 2010. EUROPA: the official website of the European Union. [online] Available at: <http://ec.europa.eu/external _relations /north_dim/ docs/mou_culture_0510_en.pdf> (Accessed ...