Two civilizations: the relations of Russia and Western Europe at the beginning of the 21st century
The challenges of building relations between two different civilizations, which Samuel Huntington and Lev Gumilev wrote about, are currently becoming more obvious due to the cardinal geopolitical and geoeconomic changes that have taken place since the demise the USSR and the world socialist system. Today, in the West, as if in contrast to the famous project by Charles de Gaulle —“Europe from the Atlantic to the Urals”, an extremely ...
NATO Policies in the Baltics: Objectives and Priorities
The authors employ geopolitical analysis to identify the core characteristics of NATO’s current policy towards the Baltic Sea region. After the demise of the Soviet Union, the region was considered as one of the safest in terms of military security. However, in the aftermath ...
The dynamics of the world market of gold and the current geopolitical processes. Part 2. The analysis of behaviour patterns of the main gold market participants
... behaviour of the participants of the world gold market. Special attention is paid to the London gold fixing and its replacement by the London electronic auction in an attempt to establish the benchmark price of gold under the influence of short-term geopolitical impulses. The author puts forward a hypothesis that different impulses of geopolitical processes, their frequency and the level of manifestation influence differently the dynamics of the world gold market. These factors determine the ...
Three development strategies of the Kaliningrad region (1991—2018)
After the demise of the USSR the Kaliningrad region became a Russian exclave, geographically separated from the rest of Russia by foreign states. The development of the region became dependent on external factors, including Russia’s political relations with foreign countries, NATO and EU. Geopolitical changes required adjustments in the region’s socio-economic development strategy. In the period of 1991 to 2018 three comprehensive strategies succeeded one another: Special economic zone (SEZ) strategy...
Interregional and cross-country flows of labor resources in the Kaliningrad region: factors and vectors in the contemporary Eurasian context
... external and internal conditions for the regional socioeconomic system determines the urgency of migration monitoring and analysis. The aim of the study is to analyze the position of the Kaliningrad region in the labor migration within the transforming geopolitical space. The article describes the regional labor market evolution under the influence of demographic and economic dynamics. The migration situation in the region has been thoroughly considered. It was revealed that, despite the fact that the ...
Cross-Border Tourist Routes: The Potential of Russia’s North- West
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12. Alexandrova, A. Yu. 2015, The Silk Road; the geopolitical, geographic and economic aspects of designing cross-border tourism route, Nauki o Zemle. Nauka. Innovacii. Tehnologii [Earth sciences. Science. Innovation. Technologies], no 2, p. 68—77. (in Russ.)
13. Andreev, V. A., Ostropol’tsev, S....
Approaches to the Definition of the Baltic Sea Region
The Baltic Sea region is one of the most developed and well-formed regions of international cooperation. It is a place for promoting collaboration between businesses, non-profits, public authorities, and municipalities of the countries located on the Baltic Sea coast and its adjacent territories. The Baltic Sea region has both unresolved problems and potential for development. This necessitates the identification of the Baltic Sea region territory having a capacity for the efficient development of...
Modern Hanseatic Trends in the Baltic Region
... interactions between the peoples of the Baltic Sea region, necessitate political, economic, and historical research on the strengths and weaknesses of the Hanseatic League. Unfortunately, in the 21st century, the Baltic region turned into a stage for geopolitical controversies. This took a toll on the efficiency of cooperation between the cities of Russia’s North-West and their Baltic counterparts. Therefore, it is important to seize the opportunities provided by the information society and focus ...
Prospects for the development of the Kaliningrad region in the Eurasian Economic Union
Given the new geopolitical situation, increasingly more attention is paid to the further development of the Special Economic Zone in the Kaliningrad region within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). The author examines the future of the exclave within ...
Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
This article describes the features of Poland’s foreign policy. Special attention is paid to the foreign policy mandate of the president, government, and minister of foreign affairs and the procedure for devising Poland’s foreign policy strategy. Another focus is the contribution of local government to Poland’s foreign policy. The author describes the features of Poland’s foreign policy mechanism and emphasises its potential instability associated with a multi-tier decision-making procedure and...
Security in the Baltic region as a Projection of Global Confrontation between Russia and the USA
... Mann’s controlled chaos theory and the concept of Intermarium. Their starting assumption is that the situation in the Baltic depends largely on the politics of external powers — Russia and the United States, — being a projection of their global geopolitical confrontation. The US strategy thus becomes a major part of the equation. The authors believe that since the end of the second Iraq war the American elite has been divided along ideological lines into adherents of the chaos theory and traditionalists ...
Coalition Within a Coalition: The Baltics in the European Union
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16. Pastore, G. 2013, Small New Member States in the EU Foreign Policy: Toward ‘Small State Smart Strategy, Baltic Journal of Political Science, no. 2, p. 64—87.
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Eurasian Future of Russia: Alternating Integration and Disintegration Cycles
Russia needs to fit into the international geopolitical and geo-economic landscape. The formation of this landscape is largely determined by alternating integration and disintegration cycles in the development of the world economy. The second global disintegration cycle that started in 2008 is ...
On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
... Practices of the Baltic States, Peace and Conflict Studies, Vol. 7, no. 2, p. 33.
20. Jakobson, M., Balcere, I., Loone, O., Nurk, A., Saarts, T., Zakeviciute, R. 2012, Populism in the Baltic States, Tallinn University.
21. Kagan, R. 2015, The Weight of Geopolitics, Journal of Democracy, Vol. 26, no.1, p. 21-31.
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Geography of European Migration
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2. Bolohov, I. I. 2015, Globalizaciya po-kitajski: opyt uspeshnoj adaptacii [Globalization in Chinese: the experience of successful adaptation], Geopoliticheskij zhurnal [Geopolitical journal], no. 1 (8), p. 104—109.
3. Bol'shova, N. N. 2009, Krizis «social'nogo gosudarstva» i massovaya migraciya kak vyzovy gosudarstvu-nacii v usloviyah globalizacii (na primere FRG) [The crisis of "social state" and mass ...
Russia’s Coastal Zone as a Social and Geographic Phenomenon: Conceptualisation and Delimitation
... systems: concepts and conceptual analysis]. In: Primorskie regiony: geograficheskie i sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie problem, Vladivostok, p. 42—50.
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Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
... (accounting for 12% of sales in the border voivodeships). This article analyses the role of LBT in the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and the Polish border voivodeships as well as prospects of its development in view of the changing geopolitical situation and adjustment of the currency exchange rates at the end of 2014. Based on statistics and analytical data, the authors arrive at the conclusion that the positive effect of LBT outdoes its negative impact on various sectors of the ...
Political competition and consolidation in the process of Eurasian in¬tegration
This article focuses on the political processes in the countries of Eurasian continent against the background of Eurasian integration. The author describes the steps of the integration process. The article compares assessments of Eurasian integration given by scholars and political scientists from different countries. The author considers the features of different stages of Eurasian integration in view of the processes of political competition and consolidation within the Eurasian space.
Cooperation between a university and employers as a condi-tion for high-quality training of specialists in physical education and sports
... education quality is of particular importance in modern conditions; it must be assessed based not only on the mastery of educational programs, but also on the successful implementation of and demand for the professional knowledge obtained. The region’s geopolitical position makes it necessary to provide university graduates with competitive competences. Therefore, active cooperation between a university and employers makes it possible to modernise the process of training specialists in physical education ...
On cross-cultural interaction in the field of physical education in the Kaliningrad region
This article considers prerequisites for the development of cross-cultural interaction in the fields of physical education and sport between the Baltic region states. The author describes the geopolitical characteristics of the Kaliningrad region and its opportunities in forging and developing international connections in the field of sport. The author justifies the need to study the problem of expanding opportunities in this field. The methods ...
Market forms of industrial production organisation as “growth poles” of the economy
This article describes the structural transformations in the Russian man-ufacturing industry caused by the changing geopolitical and economic posi-tion of Russia in the world economy in the late 20th/early 21st century. The author presents an economic and geographical analysis of the development of new forms of national industrial production.
It is stressed that the ...
Recreational zoning of the territory of the Kaliningrad region
... demarcation’ and ‘tourist zoning’. The earlier proposed components of competitiveness index help identify four major groups of factors of recreation zone differentiation. The recreation zoning of the Kaliningrad region was carried out in view of the geopolitical position, development of tourist infrastructure, and current and potential tourist specialisation of municipalities.
1. Как Россия конкурирует в секторе туризма и путешествий : официальная ...
The interaction between Lithuania and the USSR in 1920: disputable aspects
This article considers the vicissitudes of the Lithuanian — RSFSR negotiations in Moscow in the spring-summer of 1920. The author analyses the circumstances of the signing of the Moscow Peace Treaty between Lithuania and Soviet Russia on July 12, 1920 and focuses on the international response to it. The author pays special attention to the question of the character of Lithuania’s neutrality in the Soviet-Polish war in August-September 1920.
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Eurasianism in the history of Russian thought and Father Georgy Florovsky
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Euroasianism, geosophy, historiosophy, philosophy of history, geopolitics, place-development.
Development of economy in conditions of liberal reforms
The author discusses negative influence of globalization processes on world economy, presents global geopolitical and geo-economic trends in the context of system of challenges for Russia.
Экономические проблемы социализма: опыт СССР // Феномен Сталин. М.; Краснодар,...
Foreign trade of the Kaliningrad region: major trends
The author exposes major trends of foreign trade development in the Kaliningrad region in new geopolitical situation, basic features of exports and imports in the exclave region.
деятельность предприятий и организаций Калининградской области ...
Integration of Ethnic Groups and Regions into United Political and Legal Space: Characterising ‘Empire’ Scientific Category
... characteristics and based on multi-structural public traditions. Imperial administration strengthens the asymmetrical status of ethnic groups and regions in their relation to the centre. Their integration dynamics is preconditioned, first and foremost, by geopolitical and geo-economic factors. The author provides his own vision of the characteristics of imperial statehood.
Национальный вопрос во внутренней политике царизма ...
Medical geography: the stages of development against the background of global geopolitics
This article focuses on the three stages of the development of medical geography in the contemporary geopolitical conditions.
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Территориально-производственное комплексообразование ...
International, Transnational and Cross-border Regions: Features, Peculiarities, Hierarchy
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Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
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Modern understanding of ‘geoeconomic position’ and the Saint Petersburg agglomeration
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The Baltic economic model: some results of the 1990—2015 transformations
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Towards a Stable and Dynamic Economy in the Kaliningrad Region
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Opportunities and Challenges of Large Investment Projects in the New Economy: the Port of Ust-Luga
... project, namely, the favorable natural environment and climate, advantageous geographical position, strong political will demonstrated by the federal and regional authorities. The article also considers the challenges the project faces — unfortunate geopolitical situation, growing competition from other seaports, and lack of investment. Based on the analysis of challenges, it is concluded that there are significant risks associated predominantly with lack of investment. In these conditions, a large ...
Social and Economic Space Compression in Border Areas: the Case of the Northwestern Federal District
... praktike ego gosudarstvennogo regulirovanija [Compression of the socio-economic area: a new theory of regional development and its practice of state regulation], Moscow, p. 67—72.
28. Agnew, J. 2001, The new global economy: time — space compression, geopolitics, and global uneven development, Journal of world systems research, YII. 2, p. 133—154.
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Kant, Königsberg, and the Albertina. Excerpts from the letters of a Polish student
By the end of the 19th century, after three partitions of Rzeczpospolita by the neighbouring powers, about half of its territory became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. These geopolitical changes had significant social implications for the Polish population.Jan Swiecicki was one of many Polish students to be sent to German-speaking gymnasia. Some of them continued their education at the oldest Prussian university, the Albertina....
A Königsberg society of friends without Kant
... Königsberg in the 17th/18th centuries. This tradition created a sub-system of creative communication and leisure bringing together both nobility and aristocracy and ordinary curious citizens. The reasons behind this phenomenon were the geographical, geopolitical, and cultural and historical position of Königsberg — a large provincial trade and cultural centre of East Prussia. The focus of the article is the historical and documentary analysis of the group ‘portrait’ of the participants of ...
Russian Socio-Economic Geography: Status, Challenges, Perspectives
... Sojuza [XXV Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union], 1976, verbatim report, Т. 1, Moscow, p. 27.
socio-economic geography, crisis, sustainable development, «consumer society», regional economy, «core — periphery», geopolitics, geospace
Lithuania's Lonely Leadership 2.0.
The article scrutinizes Lithuanian foreign policy within the framework of the regional leadership concept first introduced in the early 2000s. The reasons of failure of the first leadership attempt in 2004—2008 are analyzed, as are the reasons behind the revival of the concept in 2010 and onwards. While the overall economy seems to be on the mend and the relationships with the adjacent countries (Poland, mostly) are improving, Lithuanian leadership, argues the author, is still very much a subcontract...
The Role of Small Countries in Post-Soviet Territorial Restructuring: the Baltic Case
... President of the Republic of Lithuania, available at: http://lrp.lt/en/press_center/press_releases/lithuania_and_the_united_states_enter_a_new_stage_of_strategic_cooperation.html (accessed 25.07.2014).
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12. Raik, К. 2013, Lithuania’s Presidency Gamble: The Activeness of Vilnius is Pushing the EU’s Eastern Partnership Forward, Finnish Institute ...
St Petersburg Business Information Centres and Their Role in Increasing the Efficiency of International Business Activities
... innovative production, a commitment to achieve complete import substitution, and the development of measures to promote non-raw material export are the principal objectives established by the state for its regions. The current trends in world economy and the geopolitical situation formulate new goals and objectives for regions and suggest the creation of innovative and universal mechanisms to increase the efficiency of international economic activities, promotion of a positive image of Saint Petersburg and ...
Natural Increase in the Baltic South and South-West
... respect of studying the CEFTA // Regional development in the Romanian-Hungarian cross-border space — from national to European perspective
/ eds. I. Süli-Zakar, I. Horga. Debrecen, 2006. Р. 137—142.
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Geography and economy of the Kaliningrad region: limitations and prospects of development
... cross-border regions and surveyed the students from the leading universities of Gdansk, Kaliningrad and Klaipeda. We were thus able to conclude that the reasons behind the delapidated cross-border relations are rather subjective and lie in the field of geopolitical orientation, information and institutional policy, as well as persistent stereotypes that shape public opinion. In this light, integration between the Kaliningrad region and mainland Russia is seen not only as an economic, but also as a sociocultural ...
A spatial study of networking in the Vistula Lagoon region using geoinformation systems
Network cooperation — the most efficient form of unlocking the economic and natural potential of territories — is rapidly developing in Russia under the influence of global processes. Due to its unique geopolitical position, the Kaliningrad region is one of the regions where such networks develop at both the regional and international levels. When studying such forms of cooperation, the traditional methods of social sciences as research tools are not ...
The “Polish question” in Soviet-German relations in the second half of the 1920s (based on the materials of the USSR consulate in Königsberg)
... on the role of the “Polish question”, which largely affected the nature of bilateral relations. The consulate documents indicate that Soviet diplomacy aspired to exploit the differences between Poland and Germany over a wide range of issues (the geopolitical situation of East Prussia, the position of national minorities, the problem of transit through the Polish corridor, the status of the Free city of Danzig, etc.). Soviet consuls carefully observed political life in Königsberg and the province....
The concepts of enclave and exclave and their use in the political and geographical characteristic of the Kaliningrad region
... uslovijah globalizacii [Exclave in a globalized world], Kaliningrad, Immanuel Kant State University of Russia.
5. Fedorov, G. M., Zverev, Yu. M. 2002, Social'no-ekonomicheskoe i geopoliticheskoe razvitie Kaliningradskoj oblasti [Socio-economic and geopolitical development of the Kaliningrad region], Kaliningrad, Kaliningrad State University.
6. Саstel (du), V. 2007, De Königsberg à Kaliningrad: L’Europe face á un nouveau «Départament d’Outre terre» russe sur la Baltique, Paris, L’Harmattan....