The influence of the sea on the economic development and settlement structure in the Baltic Sea region
... sea. Thus, an inland position can be more beneficial than a coastal one. Both trends are observed in the Baltic Sea macroregion. However, the ‘gravitational force’ of the sea varies from place to place. This article focuses on the most significant differences between territories and countries. These differences reflect the uneven influence of the proximity of the Baltic Sea on the development of population and national economies. Qualitative differences between mesoregions are measured using a ...
Platform Markets: Their Place in the Theory of Mesoeconomic System: Development and a Challenge to Spatial Studies
Over the past three decades, researchers across different disciplines have paid close attention to the development of platform markets — an emergent long-term trend in economic policy. I consider platform markets as institutional and technological systems. Platforms create systems of rules and mechanisms ...
Effective risk communication as a factor in managing protests attitudes in a local community
Contemporary research into the perception of environmental risks suffers from poor knowledge of risk communication in the local community and of how different ways of risk communication affect protest attitudes. This study aims to clarify communication strategies and practices used by members of local communities as a protest response to environmental threats. The work builds on the cultural theory ...
Maimon’s critique of I. Kant’s theory of analytic judge-ments
... judgments. Maimon contributed to the history of the German Idealism primarily through his criticism of Kant’s theoretical philosophy, which largely predetermined some ideas of Fichte and later exerted a certain influence on the thinkers of some very different schools (from Marburg Neo-Kantianism to Deleuze). Maimon’s attitude toward Kant’s views on the nature of analytic judgments underwent an essential change in the process of his theoretical evolution: while in “Essay on Transcendental Philosophy” ...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
... element of Kant’s philosophical legacy is the critical attitude (or ethos) rather than a specific concept (for instance, the categorical imperative). This article identifies the intersections between Rawls’s and Kant’s ideas, as well as their differences. Kant and Rawls have much in common. Rawls agrees with Kant that moral philosophy has to depart from commonplace human reason; the content of "political justice" can be an object of construction; construction presupposes the use ...
The Relationship between Heart Rhythm Variability and the Heart Rate in Adolescents and Young Adults
In this article, we study the degree of dependence of heart rate variability in healthy adolescents and young adults on the average rhythm frequency. In the study group, heart rate variability decreased as heart rate grew. Although there was no difference in the increase in the heart rate, the variability of the heart rate decreased less significantly in young women than in young men. An increase in the average heart rate by 10 cardiac cycles per minute reduced the heart rate variability by ...
Implications of J. L. Holland’s theory: applicability of RIASEC structure and assessment to English language teachers of the Kaliningrad region
... 35. P. 411—418.
22. Lonner W. J., Ibrahim F. A. Appraisal and assessment in cross-cultural counseling// Counseling across cultures. CA, 1996. P. 293—322.
23. Nagy G., Trautwein U., Lüdtke O. The structure of vocational interests in Germany:different methodologies, different conclusions // Journal of Vocational Behavior.2007.07.02. № 10.1016. P. 154—158.
24. Prediger D. J. Dimensions underlying Holland’s hexagon: missing link between interests and occupations? // Journal of Vocational ...
The External Economic Factor in the Development of Northwestern Regions: Institutional Support and an Impact Assessment
... factors and the levels and areas of international economic cooperation. The analysis shows that the Northwestern regions’ external and internal economic development is interdependent and there is considerable support for international cooperation at different levels and in different areas. To a degree, this is explained by the federal district’s geographical position and transport connections, the ‘Nordic’ character of the economy shared by the Russian and neighbouring territories, and the ...
Escapism: non-constructive ways of teenage personal self-determination
... (subject-being approach), in which escapism is one of the forms of protest. The authors study two most likely non-constructive ways of adolescent escapism while applying the partial moderated mediation methodology. Two ways of non-constructive escapism have differences and similarities. The similarities are in the mechanism of their occurrence: psychological defenses and stagnation of personal self-determination. The differences are in the conditions of the mechanism and in the results of personal self-determination....
Migration in the Kaliningrad region reflected in the 1989—2015 censuses and microcensuses
... Kaliningrad region have been studied in detail, we believe that census and micro-census data can significantly advance the current knowledge of this unique region. This holds true for the data relating to the results of pre-survey migration. This approach differs markedly from traditional migration studies in Russia, which rely on migration flow data, in both data sources and migration criteria employed. Our study uses the place of birth data from the 1989, 2002, and 2010 censuses and the 1994 and 2015 ...
Demographic Situation and Demographic Security in the Regions of Russia’s Western Borderlands
... problems of ensuring replacement fertility, regulating migrations, and overcoming a skewed age and sex structure. I provide a detailed definition of the notion of demographic security and a list of indicators for evaluating it. I stress typological differences in the demographic situation across Russia’s western borderlands to ensure a differentiated approach to providing regional demographic security. In this study, I use economic- statistical methods, a comparative analysis, and an empirical ...
“The point of departure of peoples determines their fate”: Peter Chaadaev and Alexis de Tocqueville
... private letter to Alexander Turgenev mentioned that the French thinker Alexis de Tocqueville had stolen from him a “deep thought” that the point of departure of peoples determined their fate. Russian and foreign scholars interpreted these words differently, trying to assess the seriousness of Chaadaev’s reproach. The article explores the history of the expression ‘le point de départ’ and the use of it in the works by Tocqueville (“Democracy in America”) and Chaadaev (“Philosophical ...
Spatial planning in the European Union and the Russian Federation
... for development; 8) developing energy resources while maintaining safety; 9) encouragement of highquality, sustainable tourism. An efficiency analysis of these principles showed that the level of their application for ensuring sustainable development differs. It is a result of the significant differences in natural and socio-economic conditions of sustainable development in these countries, as well as different experiences and traditions in the space-time dimension. In most EU countries, ministries ...
Economic and Geographical Structure of the Baltic Sea region
... entire territories of Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. New spatial forms of international economic cooperation develop in the region. The region is not homogeneous in terms of socioeconomic development, thus there are certain differences in the areas and the intensity of international cooperation. The article sets out to identify structural characteristics of the Baltic Sea region. This requires studying practices of transnational and transboundary cooperation and possibilities ...
Mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials of the Kaliningrad region
This paper focuses on the results of a sociological study of mobility and migration intentions of the Reform Generation and Millennials in the Kaliningrad region. In this regard, different approaches to the theory of generations are analyzed. The authors define the age groups that make up the Reform Generation and the Millennials and identify features of the designated generations. The article makes an attempt to combine the ...
Mapping Poetic Bilingualism in Europe: Language Contacts and Cultural Transfers
... in multilingual sociocultural environments or they are moving from one country to another throughout their literary career. Existing in two or more cultural and/or linguistic spaces at the same time and thus making transfers across the boundaries of different languages easier, more efficient, and more conscious, multilingual poets serve as exemplary agents of cultural transfer. This study analyses different cases of poetic multilingualism where poets who can speak and write freely in two or more ...
The psychological potential of beach volley-ball players depending on their sport qualification
... volleyball player and present psy-chomotor indicators that can be used as benchmark characteristics in selecting and diagnosing players. For the first time, the psychophysiological features of the competitive potential of beach volleyball players with different sport quali-fication is assessed; differences and similarities in the psychomotor character-istics and social status of athletes are identified.
1. Костюков В. В., Чесноков Ю. Б., Тимохин А. В. Пляжный ...
The potential for expanding inter-cluster cooperation between the ship-building industries of Estonia, Finland, and North-West Russia
... from increased mutual cooperation; however, the international networks between the clusters are still poorly developed. The aim of this article is to analyse the preconditions for cluster internationalization between these clusters, which are rather different but complementary in terms of skills. The research material for this desk study was collected from various sources, including journal articles, media, research reports, and other publications. The results of the study indicate that the increasing ...
Normal range of liver stiffness measurement in healthy people
... focuses on normative values of the liver shear wave elastography and comparison of various works in elastography of the international and Russian research. A variety of normal values of liver stiffness during shear wave elastography obtained by different authors when measuring on various devices are presented. The normal range of liver stiffness measurements in healthy people varies widely: the normal liver elasticity values may vary in range of 1.5—7.5 kPa on measuring by transient ...
Cohen and Natorp’s Philosophy of Religion: the Argument about the Boundary of Reason
... phenomenon in logical concepts, ethical postulates and aesthetic principles touched the very foundations of that system. Drawing mainly on the rough notes and correspondence of Cohen and Natorp I argue that, in spite of internal and quite important differences over the problems of religion and its place in philosophical constructions, Cohen and Natorp, first, retained their commitment to critical idealism and remained loyal to their philosophical school to the end and, second, followed the principle ...
Evaluating and Measuring the Security of Russia’s Border Regions: Theory and Practice
... of protective measures on economic security. To justify our proposals, we analyse the economic security of the Kaliningrad region; it is a study based on an evaluation of protective measures in the regional agricultural industry and of the effect of different factors on the generation of value added in the sector. We emphasise the need to take into account regional conditions when assessing economic security and to introduce economic and mathematical calculations into the relevant measurement algorithm ...
Inclusive education in Russia and the Baltic countries: a comparative analysis
... education for learners with special needs and disabilities in the countries of the Baltic region (Poland, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Norway, and Russia). We present a SWOT analysis of the development of inclusive education in different countries and analyse its strengths and weaknesses, risks, threats, and challenges from a political, economic, and technological perspective. In our analysis, we dissociate the issue of inclusive education from the problem of teaching learners ...
On some aspects of psychological assistance on Instagram
... identified and qualitatively analyzed certain types of psychological assistance: psychological information, individual consultations and online group trainings, feedback is provided in the accounts of both groups. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used to assess differences in the indicators of these groups. The quality and scale of psychological care provided by professional psychologists and parapsychologists differed significantly. The research considered strengths and weaknesses of the implemented psychological ...
On strengthening the territorial differentiation of the rural population and the agrarian sector of the economy in the Russian Federation
Rural settlement in Russia and its dynamics are subject to the general laws of spatial development of the economy and demography, the most important of which is polarization. At the same time, regional settlement systems differ greately due to both physical and economic geographical factors, which may show some discrepencies because of the vast country's territory. These differences are taken into account in the Spatial Development Strategy of the Russian Federation, ...
The time and language of a “different reality” in prophetic texts
This article defines the linguistic representations of time and analyses their manifestation in the language structure. The basic features of the language of the future as a “different reality” are described on the basis of analysis of prophetic texts.
. Время: модели и метафоры // Логический анализ языка. Язык и время. М., 1997. С....
Reframing paroemias of the coronavirus discourse
... discourse analysis in corpus linguistics. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Filologiya [Bulletin of the Tomsk State University. Philology], No 50, p. 135—148 (in Russ.).
Dobrovol'skiy, D. O., 2016. nformational structure of texts of different genres and eras. Logicheskiy analiz yazyka. Informatsionnaya struktura tekstov raznykh zhanrov i epoch [Logical analysis of the language. Information structure of texts of different genres and epochs], Moscow, pp. 126—136 (in Russ.).
Discursive features of Russian gender-oriented advertisements
... men were chosen for a semiotic analysis. The analysis identified the verbal and nonverbal means of exposing implicit messages reflecting gender relations and reinforcing gender stereotypes, as well as the presence of complimentary relations between different elements of the advertising message.
1. Гак В. Г. Антиципация // Лингвистический энциклопедический сло-варь. М., 1990. С. 34—35.
2. Ермакович С. П. Метадискурс ...
Islamic Diffusion in the Baltics: The Fruit of European Multiculturalism
This article considers Western Europe as a principal centre that has been attracting migrants over recent decades, primarily, in the aftermath of the Arab Spring. The Baltic region states are chosen for demonstration. Although they have different proportions of Muslim immigrants, Muslim diasporas are the most numerous and rapidly growing ones in the Baltics. Undoubtedly, Muslim communities across the region enjoy certain similarities. The differences they have are explained, among other ...
Cultural Transfer and Etymology
... The bear taboo was developing against the background of information passed on from one tradition to another and of ideas imported within cultural transfer. The analysis reveals the original Indo-European root for ‘bear’, which was tabooed across different Indo-European traditions, including in Old English. The article shows that cultural transfer explains the fact that philosophical lexis originates from handicraft terms. Cultural transfer determines the choice of lexical transferences and creates ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... which are intimately connected with Kant’s formulation of the key tasks of transcendental philosophy. The prime task is to discover the categories of understanding and to prove the legitimacy of their use, a task that is further complicated by the difference between the editions of the Critique of Pure Reason in terms of the argumentation in the section on the deduction of categories and Kant’s concept of apperception. Accordingly, the author seeks to clarify the purpose of each of the above-mentioned ...
Ash plant in the urban environment (for example, the city of Gomel)
The article presents the analysis of ash-content in different systematic groups of vegetation of the western and northern industrial zones of Gomel. These industrial zones differ in the degree of their technogenic influence on the environment. The study shows the dominance of Aster and Leguminous plants....
Intonational means of expressing the "new" and the "given" categories in English, Russian and Spanish
The article explores the intonation means of expressing the "given" and the "new" in English, Russian and Spanish. It represents the results of phonetic research proving the difference in the nucleus’s role when signaling the new information in three languages.
1. Николаева Т. М. Нерешенные вопросы теории актуального членения // Вопросы языкознания....
The danish parliament as an actor of Denmark’s foreign policy towards the EU and Russia: a comparative analysis, 2005—2019
... executive power in foreign and defence policy. Many experts stress that the powers of the Danish Parliament in these fields are among the most considerable in the world. The question is, however, whether these powers are exercised in the same manner towards different states and regions. This article aims to find out how the Danish Parliament contributes to the country’s foreign policy towards the EU and Russia. The concentric circles model is employed to assess the level of the Danish Parliament’s participation ...
European and Eurasian integration: similarities and differences
The article studies the development of integration processes in Europe and Eurasia. The purpose of scientific research is to identify the similarities and differences between European and Eurasian integration. The theoretical relevance of the research lies in the comparison of the integration processes regarding the analysis of demographic and socio-economic development indicators of the EU and EAEU ...
The linguistic and stylistic means of expressing identity in com¬plimentary phrases (based on modern English, American, and Russian fiction)
This article identifies and analyses the linguistic features of the genera-tion and perception of complimentary phrases in different age groups belon-ging to English, American, and Russian cultures. The language of representatives of different age groups is dissimilar, therefore, there is a need to consider the effect of age parameters on language.
1. Булгаков М....
Phytoplankton production and chlorophyll content in different types of estuaries
This article focuses on the results of many years’ research on phytoplankton production and chlorophyll concentration in estuaries of different types (the Vistula and Curonian Lagoons, and the Volga delta). A comparison with hydrological and chemical parameters helped identify the main factors determining the level of primary production and eutrophication. The productivity of an ecosystem ...
On the content of the Fedoseyan Old Believers’ Menologia
This article is the first attempt at an examination of the Menologium from the collection of the Voynovsky monastery. A comparative analysis of the content of different editions of church calendars made it possible to draw sev-eral conclusions. The principles of church calendar formation by the Fedosey-ans are identified. The composition of hagioanthroponyms in the Menologium is classified as archaic. Varying ...
Energy and the Ways of its Conceptualisation in Cognition: an Attempt at an Epistemological Analysis
Thе article examines the connection between conceptualisation and transfer of knowledge in the humanities and analyses the role of these processes in the formation of conceptual and terminological framework for different types of discourse. The study draws on an analytical description of the development of the concept of energy in the Christian Orthodox discourse. The description was provided from the perspective of transferology — a new metadiscipline aimed ...
Geography of inbound tourism and transboundary tourism-and-recreation region-building in Sweden
Sweden’s tourism industry stands out for its large contribution to the development of the national economy. The vast size of the country makes it possible to trace differences in incoming tourist flows from neighbouring countries. This circumstance accounts for the novelty of this study, which lies in viewing national tourism geography from the perspective of the theory of transboundary tourism-and-recreation region ...
Comparative analysis of students’ collective consciousness in the Russia-EU and Russia-China border regions: mathematical modelling
... study is particularly important in relation to Russian youth, who have become one of the most active social groups. The public demand for the analysis of collective consciousness has been constantly growing. The authors argue that there are regional differences in collective consciousness, which are manifested most prominently in the comparison of eastern and western regions. The growing intensity of interaction between Europe and Asia makes the comparison of the western and eastern border regions ...
Identifying Key Stakeholder Groups for Implementing a Place Branding Policy in Saint Petersburg
... competitive resource for forging partnerships. An effective place branding policy is impossible without a precise understanding of the interests of stakeholder groups. It is essential to realize that each region is unique in its own way. Territories differ in the structure of stakeholders, their influence on regional development, and the range of leverages over regional decision-makers. This study aims to give a more precise definition of key groups of stakeholders in Saint Petersburg place branding,...
Development of technology for publishing very large spatial data volumes using open source systems
The technology of large spatial data volumes pre-processing and publication using different methods to optimize access to the raw data to achieve optimal performance mapping system based on the open source software. The methods for optimizing very large scale spatial data across different scales of data generalization and publication ...
On the development of the concept of ‘subject of law
This article analyses approaches to developing the concept of the ‘subject of law’. The author considers different perspectives on identifying similarities and differences between the categories of the ‘subject of law’, ‘subject of a legal relationship’, and ‘personal with legal personality’. It is concluded that the category of ‘subject of ...
The concept of “network” in the system of basic concepts of regional economic geography
The concept of “network” is traditionally used in sociological and economic sciences and serves as an in important object of research on the organisational forms of different phenomena and processes. This article examines the use of the “network” concept in socioeconomic geography through identifying the place of this concept in the system of traditional concepts of this branch of geography: spatial system, territorial ...
The evolution of functioning zoning of the Curonian Spit national park
... zoning as a tool of environmental management in the Curonian Spit national park (Kalinin-grad region) from its establishment to the present day. The author considers gradual changes in the composition of functional areas and the proportion of zones with different protection regimes.
Генеральный план Государственного природного национального парка «Куршская коса». Л., 1989.
2. Иванов А. Н., Чижова В. П. Охраняемые ...
A simulation of technical support system objects of the regional electrotechnical complex
The paper discusses the stages of simulation of large infrastructure projects on the basis of the aggregate method. It is proved that the different stages of the life-cycle units is best modeled using different approaches. In addition, in order to implement energy-saving technologies is advisable to use a system of continuous time using a more complex mathematical structures (mostly– ...
Good-neighbourly relations and the European Neighbourhood Policy — What is the Difference?
The article compares the scope of two diplomatic terms, crucial for the contemporary practice of international cooperation. Drawing examples from historical and contemporary documents, the author shows the difference between the settled notion of good-neighbourly relations and the recently introduced one — the European Neighbourhood Policy. The ENP ab initio absorbs the old term, which characterises the symmetric relation of international agents in the ...
The bological effects of thermal impact on plants
... of phenological phenomena, tree-rings, and physiological reactions in plants react to external and internal changes in the conditions of growth that can be used as indicators of the environment, its condition and changes. This article identifies the differences in the thermodynamic reactions of trees growing in areas with different seismicity.
1. Serreze M. C., Walsh J. E., Chapin F. S. et al. Observational evidence of recent changes in the northern high-latitude environment // Climatic Change. ...
I. Kant on religion, faith, god, and church
... systematicity of changes in the philosopher’s views. The published Lectures confirm the fact that Kant never considered the problems of philosophy of religion as minor ones. When comparing the two major works on religion, one cannot but notice the difference between objects constituting the logic of Kant’s reasoning. In the Lectures, this object is theology as a scientific discipline concerned with knowledge of god, whereas, in Religion, it is believers with their predispositions and capacities,...
The psychological defensive behavior strategies of teachers with different burnout levels
... of strategies of psychological defensive behavior of teachers, their dependence on the burnout level and the identification of teacher types on the basis of this dependence. As a result, the authors identified and described the types of teachers with different burnout levels and defensive behaviour strategies in difficult professional situations.
Понять природу человека. СПб., 2000.
Личность в трудных ...