Steven Makin’s ontological argument: The concept of necessary exis¬ten¬ce of God
... philosopher Stephen Makin in 1988. He managed to avoid the famous criticism of Kant concerning the impossibility of acknowledging the predicate ‘to exist’ as real. Makin’s argument is not based on proving the presence of necessarily exemplified concepts rather than the necessary existing object. He argues that there is at least one (and possibly unique) such concept — Anselm’s famous "that than which none greater can be conceived".There are three key ideas, namely: 1) there are ...
Some remarks on the concept and function of Kant’s theory of schematism in the Critique of Pure Reason
The article introduces Kant’s doctrine of schematism (Critique of Pure Reason A 137-A 147; B 176-B 187). The inclusion of the chapter on schematism in the ‘Doctrine of the Principles’ rather than the ‘Doctrine of Concepts’ is taken as a clue to distinguishing the Doctrine of Schematism from the Deduction of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding. This provides clarity on the function of schematism. The author conceives of schematism as something entirely new ...
The functional determination of speech aspects of a document
This article examines speech aspects of a strategic planning document — the Development Concept — and identifies factors determining its specifics. The text of the Concept is analysed using the communicative-genre approach, often employed in recent research works. This approach produces an integrated picture that takes into account parameters ...
The Green Meadow. Kant´s new Definition of the Modal Concept of Existence in the First Moment of the “Analytic of the Beautiful”
Contrary to the standard view in the Kant literature, I argue that the concept of “existence” is the real focus of Kant’s investigation in the “First Moment” of the “Analytic of the Beautiful” in the Critique of the Power of Judgment. That is, “existence” is not a secondary or subordinate part of a more ...
Neither more nor less: the grounds for A.Skidan’s system
The author analyzes a series of verses by A.Skidan of a “Delirium” collection (1993) and establishes the equality of semantics between giving/gift and parting, breaking apart, which allows to bring the concept of “giving/ gift” to the core of the poet’s concept structure. The article defines a semantic invariant and studies the ways of its invariant development, analyzes connection between the relevant concepts and categories of space and movement,...
Kant on the rights of citizens in matters of religion: The concept of religious tolerance in the German Enlightenment
... the section covers the problem of the rights and obligations of the monarch and his or her subjects in religious matters. This problem was crucial to the Enlightenment. Kant’s deliberations on the issue include a long prehistory of formulating the concept of religious tolerance and modelling relations between the state and different confessions, based on the rules of natural law, which date back to the early Enlightenment. For the first time, it was discussed at length by Christian Thomasius, whose ...
Aspects of the ‘transcendental’ according to Kant and Husserl: Logos, matheme, metaphor
... ontological significance of transcendentalism. The author advocates the understanding of transcendental philosophy as ontology and presents a critique of the interpretation given by David Carr, who attached a merely methodological significance to the concept of the ‘transcendental’. Within this interpretation, this paper considers the problem of differences between the ontological aspects of Immanuel Kant’s critical philosophy and Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology, since most interpreters consider ...
Ideas of Kant’s theoretical philosophy in Peirce’s graph theory
C. S. Peirce is a prominent figure in the nineteenth-century American philosophy. His contribution to philosophy and logic is enormous. The significance of some of his ideas was not realized until today. As a philosopher, Peirce was shaped by Kant, whose Critique of Pure Reason he knew almost by heart. Peirce was fascinated by the German thinker, who literally opened for him the philosophy of modern era and introduced him to the problem of cognition and increment of knowledge. Peirce was never a...
The concept of individuality and models of qualimetric competence
The author describe the notions of “competence”, “competency” and “qualimetric competence”. The existing models of the qualimetric competence are analysed. The authors introduce their own model of qualimetric competence using the concept of the individuality.
1. Гребенюк О. С., Гребенюк Т. Б. Основы педагогики индивидуальности. М., 2000.
2. Гребенюк Т. Б. Методологические основы компетентностного ...
Systematicity of the CPR and Kant’s system (III)
... article continues to analyse the systemacity of the CPR as a text ensuring the integrity of Kant’s philosophical system. Following the ideas presented in the first two parts of this work, part three considers the correlation between the spheres of concepts and reality. Kant divides concepts into phaenomena and noumena. The former are apprehended by the senses and the latter express the things-in-themselves. It is shown that, as concepts of things, noumena are divided into substan tial and empty ...
Synaugeia motifs in I. Murdoch’s works (the novels Bruno’s Dream and The Black Prince)
Using the historical-cultural and comparative methods in the literary analysis of two novels, this article describes the role of synaugeia motifs in Murdoch’s works. Synaugeia is Plato’s concept of vision as a combination of the subjective and objective types of light. To a large degree, the light imagery of Murdoch’s novel is based on this concept.
1. Веселовский А. Н. Историческая поэтика. М., 1989....
The discourse of “European identity” in the conditions of the EU crisis
This paper considers the problem of European identity in the conditions of the current European crisis. European identity developed over a long time on the moral and political grounds. The author arrives at a conclusion about the need to reconsider the concept of European identity in the EU crisis conditions. European identity cannot develop in an institutional crisis. The concept of European identity requires structural reconstruction, new foundations, since the old ones are, to a great degree, an ...
Russian Philosophy Abroad: Development of Conceptual Framework
Russian philosophy abroad is associated with the names of those representatives of Russian culture who left the country or were forced to leave after the well-know revolutionary events, for instance, the outstanding Russian thinkers: Nikolai Berdyaev, Ivan Ilyin, Nikolay Lossky, Semyon Frank, and others. The article considers the conceptual framework of Russian philosophies. It allows stating, that the categorical structures of Russian philosophy are obviously original and have great theoretical...
Conceptual modelling of the process of polysemy solution using the corps
Any linguistic analysis when done on the basis of a natural language corpus produces results of much higher accuracy and a higher degree of representation. The use of corpora opens up new possibilities for investigating the mechanisms of the formation of the cognitive structure of a polysemous word, as well as facilitates the identification of individual senses. The author proposes a probabilistic conceptual model (algorithm) of cognitive operations underlying the process of word sense disambiguation...
Some aspects of time verbalisation in the English and Russian languages
The article focuses upon basic means of the 'time' category explication in the English and Russian lexicon and grammar; special emphasis is laid upon linguistic instantiations of axiological sense.
1. Балашова Л. В. Метафора в диахронии (на материале русского языка XI—XX веков). Саратов, 1998.
2. Бондарко А. В. Временные категории (на материале русского языка) // Категоризация...
Contemporary society as a post-industrial and technogenic one
This article focuses on contemporary society, which, in accordance with D. Bell’s concept, is post-industrial (and information) one. The author draws attention to Bell’s serious mistakes in the development of the concept – the use of only sociological and economic analysis and disregard of social philosophy. The author offers a ...
Colour naming as a means to present the concept of ‘life’ in N. Gogol’s epic poem Dead Souls
This articles analyses lexemes with the colour meaning of ‘white’, ‘green’, and ‘yellow’ as representatives of meanings related to the concept of LIFE — beauty, hope, faith. The author stresses the connection between these lexemes with the “living” images opposed to the lifeless world of Dead Souls.
1. Алимпиева Р. В. Семантическая структура слова ...
Peculiarities of the figurative in the concept of "Time" in middle English
The article examines the most typical for Middle English metaphorical and metonymic shifts of meaning which represent figurative part of time concept. It is proved that the most frequent shifts are: time — event or state, time — traveler or moving object, space — time, time — master, time — system of measurement, time — grammatical category.
1. Арутюнова Н. Д. Метафора ...
The role of F. Lassalle’s political ideas in S. I. Hessen’s philosophical and legal concept
The author analyses F. Lassalle’s ideas from the perspective of philosophical and legal concept of Sergey Hessen. The role of F. Lassalle’s concept in the development of socialism as viewed by Sergey Hessen is examined in the article.
1. Гаджиев К. С. Национальная идентичность: концептуальный ...
The metaphorisation of the concept of conscience in the Polish linguistic world-image
This article analyses the phraseological devices related to the metaphorical vision of conscience in the world image represented in the Polish language. The author distinguishes the metaphorical models that embody the concept of conscience.
The conceptual profiles of the oeuvre of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov and M. Sholokhov (according to the data of the comparative analysis of frequent vocabulary)
The following article offers a methodology combining the quantitative and ideographic methods of text analysis. The contexts of frequent vocabulary help build up the "conceptual profiles" of M. Bulgakov, V. Nabokov, A. Platonov, and M.Sholokhov, which reflect the individual correlation of denotative spheres in the oeuvre of each author.
Статистический подход к исследованию плана содержания художественного...
The ‘border’ concept in ‘Das Provisorium’ by W. Hilbig
In this article the author attempts to outline some of the problems associated with the concept of border’ in contemporary German literature
based on the book ‘Das Provisorium’ by W. Hilbig.
Временное пристанище: роман. СПб., 2004.
Истина и ...
The applied research aspects of the regional forecasting of socioeconomic development
The article examines the theoretical and methodological problems of forecasting regional development. The author presents a concept of improving regional forecast preparation. The implementation of the concept will facilitate the increase in quality of forecast studies.
к разработке долгосрочных ...
Evaluative lexis expressing the “good/kind” semantics as a means to represent the concept of “god” in the Old Russian texts of the 11th-14th centuries
Evaluative lexemes with the “good/kind” semantics representing the concept of “god” are considered on the basis of Old Russian texts of the 11th—14th centuries. The author analyses the semantic features of the functioning of these lexemes.
Девг. деян. — Девгениево ...
Criminal policy: the concept, problems, and prospects
... definition and content of criminal policy. Special attention is paid to the criminological aspect. The authors scrutinize the
trends of development of criminal policy in theory and practice and formulate a number of key elements of the criminal policy concept.
Условно-досрочное освобождение от отбывания наказания: теоретические и правоприменительные проблемы: монография ...
Cognitive and linguistic aspects of forming of event-driven concepts
The term event-driven concept is analyzed in the dynamic process of its tructuring in a recipient's consciousness; the functional semantico-syntactical frame of event-driven concepts with various categorial functional relations between the participants of corresponding events ...
Conceptual picture of the world and the specificity of its formation
In the article the concept is presented as a mental multimodal nonlinear product. Changing of the figure-background relations as a basic mechanism of the perception of any kind of information appears as a ground of the transformation of the meaning of the concept.
The institutional concept of territory marketing management
This article analyses the institutional concept of territory marketing. The authors suggest considering institutional environment as the key factor of territory management and the minimization of the transaction costs as the objective of territory management. The authors substantiate the cybernetic ...
Categorization as a basic cognitive procedure
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The problem of gaps, non-equivalent words and national concepts, existing in the Public Relations terminology
This paper describes lacunes, non-equivalent words and culture-specific concepts in the Public Relations terminology. It is the first time that the relationships between the concept, sememe and lexeme have been analyzed.
К. Мюллер. М., 1990.
The Philosophy of Vasily Sesemann and Marburg Neo-Kantianism
... of the Marburg School. The author analyses the key Russian phi-losopher’s works on the topic: ‘The problem of idealism in philosophy’, ‘Theoretical philosophy of the Marburg School’, etc. The article focuses on Sesemann’s interest in the concept of the ‘irra¬tional’ and explains his understanding of Neo-Kantianism and the idea of infinity (fieri). Sesemann is interested in the Neo-Kantian aspiration to achieve a systematic unity of knowledge. The concept of one of the editors of ...
Kantian ethos in J. Rawls’s political philosophy
This article examines the relation between J. Rawls’s philosophical and political conceptions and I. Kant’s ideas and the intellectual and political tradition of the Enlightenment in general. The author defends Rawls’s approach to Kant’s works interpreting it as “discipleship”, the assimilation and intrinsic reconceptualization ...
The notion of necessity in the German philosophy of the¬ Enlighten¬ment
Necessity is a key philosophical notion, which is used in different disciplines from logic to ontology. In the German philosophy of the Enlightenment, this concept was centralto the work of many thinkers. For them, necessity is related not only to logic but rather to the disciplines of general and special metaphysics. It is explained by that the principle of sufficient reason introduced by Leibniz is closely ...
Russia and the Baltic States: Some Results and a Few Perspectives
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22. Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [The Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation], 2008, available at: http://www.kremlin....
The Baltics and Russian North-West: the Core and the Periphery in the 2000s
... moem? At the age of my writing?], Demoscope Weekly, no. 581—582, available at: http://demoscope.ru/weekly/2014/0581/demoscope581.pdf (accessed: 17.01.2014).
9. Kümmel, T. 2011, Stadial'naja koncepcija urbanizacii: metodologija i metody analiza [Concept of stages of urbanization: the methodology and methods of analysis]. In: Metody izuchenija rasselenija [Methods of studying settlement], Moscow, p. 82—100.
10. Leyzerovich, E. E. 2008, Hod koncentracii naselenija v central'nyh chastjah subektov ...
Commodity flow model for an exclave region: Rent-seeking in the ‘transitional period’ of the special economic zone
This article focuses on a commodity flow model for an exclave region (CFMER). The CFMER development is aimed at identifying aggregate proportions of the exclave’s economy in the transitional period of the special economic zone (SEZ) functioning. The key method of analysis is the comparison of data on the generation of gross regional product and regional foreign economic activities (including export and import of goods and moving goods from/into the Kaliningrad region to other Russian regions)....
The regional approach in the policy of the Russian Federation towards the Republic of Estonia
... in sharing the views of radical Estonian politicians who claim that Russia’s policy towards Estonia is unpredictable and thus poses a threat to security and stability in Europe.
1. Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation], 2000, 28 June.
2. Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation], 2008, 12 July.
3. Koncepcija vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii [Foreign Policy Concept ...
Cross-border Specialization of Interregional Interaction: Applying New Assessment Methods
... territorial'nogo razvitija [States and regions. The theory and practice of state regulation of territorial development], Moscow.
6. Lexin, V., Shevtsov, V. 1993, Regional'naja politika Rossii: koncepcii, problemy, reshenija [Regional Policy of Russia: concepts, problems, solutions], Rossijskij jekonomicheskij zhurnal [Russian Economic Journal], no. 9.
7. Liebman, А. М. 2008, Decentralizacija, integracija i regionalizacii: vzaimosvjaz' i vzaimovlijanie [Decentralization, integration and regionalization: ...
The formation of a risk management system for projects in the field of aquaculture innovative development in the Kaliningrad region: a case study
This article sets out to develop the concept and the principal scheme of the formation of a risk management system for innovative economic development projects in the field of aquaculture. The research carried out by the authors helps identify the main problems and characteristics of risk ...
The concept of guerrilla warfare in Lithuania in the 1920—1930s
... Baltic states, being unable to build up military strength in order to ensure national security, were forced to seek for unconventional methods of warfare, including guerrilla strategies. The study places emphasis on the development of the guerrilla war concept in the Union periodicals. The author retraces a change in the intensity of the guerrilla warfare concept propagation amongst Lithuanian population and riflemen, in particular, through publications in the Trimitas — a periodical of the Lithuanian ...
Assessment of the efficiency of Russian response to the implementation of US missile defence deployment concept in Europe
... missile defence. This work aims to analyze possible Russia’s responses within military and political spheres. The measures proposed are divided into three subgroups: soft, medium and hard depending on the implementation of the adopted missile defence concept by the USA. This research employs the structure-system method and the method of actualization. The authors outline both positive and negative consequences of such actions for the Russian Federation, the USA, eastern European countries and the ...
International relations of the North-West federal district of the Russian Federation and the New North concept
This article analyses the role of Russia — the North-West federal district — in the New North concept, which encompasses new political relations in the North of Europe in the framework of international organisations and regional cooperation — for instance, the Northern Dimension.
1. Beloborodova, I. N. 2000. POLIS, № 4, pp. 163—166.
Intellectualization of operational and technological control of regional electric power by cognitive hybrid intelligent systems. Part 3
Substantial thinking is traditional for a modern person, who is characterized by a description of the world as a set of spatially localized objects-things-resources. The language of operational-technological control was developed on the basis of the tradition of A. V. Kolesnikova — V. F. Ponomarev's semiotic, multilingual representation of operational and technological control of a certain class of complex systems, the basis of which is a verbal-sign, relational language for describing situations...
Global value chains in the age of uncertainty: advantages, vulnerabilities, and ways for enhancing resilience
... fundamental vulnerability of global value chains (GVCs) to sudden shocks, as revealed by the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, and outline ways for enhancing their adaptability to the increased uncertainty at both conceptual and policy levels. We consider the concept and a typical multi-structural model of GVCs, highlighting the network complexity of the system of distributed production and trade in value added. Not only does this system bring competitive advantages to GVC partner countries, but also it entails ...
Transcendental Philosophy as a Scientific Research Programme
Transcendental philosophy was not born like Athena out of Zeus’s head, mature and in full armour from the very beginning. That is why in both prefaces to the Critique of Pure Reason (1781 and 1787) Kant introduces the concept of transcendental philosophy as an “idea.” The idea understood architectonically develops slowly and only gradually acquires a definite form. As witnessed by the works of Kant himself and of his predecessors and followers, the idea of transcendental ...
Schelling’s Criticism of Ontological Argument and Interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of the Ideal of Reason
... Anselm of Canterbury and Descartes as well as Schelling’s assessment of the critique of the Kantian ontological proof of the existence of God. I propose a reconstruction of Schelling’s account of undoubted being which cannot be deduced from the concept of the totality of all that is possible and therefore must come before any thought. He interprets reason as having an ecstatic nature which posits precedent undoubted being. This enables Schelling to formulate his own version of the thesis on ...
Media images of the Kaliningrad region in the structure of migration attitudes of millennials and the reform generation
... attitudes. Attention is drawn to the Kaliningrad region, a Russian exclave whose population growth is solely due to migration. The study aims to determine how the media images of Kaliningrad affect the decision to move. The research draws on Radaev’s concept of generations. It uses 2014—2018 regional and national publications about the Kaliningrad region (N=1913) and semi-structured interviews with informants (N=44). The research methods are publication analysis and in-depth interviews processed ...
Escapism: non-constructive ways of teenage personal self-determination
The protest against outdated patterns of self-image and the inability to defend modern patterns self-image becomes traditional contradiction in teenager’s self-determination. Difficulties of self-determination in the real relationship define teenager’s escapism and search for the value of self-image in a virtual existence. This study highlights the mechanisms and conditions under which escapism becomes dangerous for adolescents, distorts their self-image, and contributes to the loss of its...
Artistic individual image of the language in P.Celan's poetry
... context, the knowledge of which enables to interpret the meanings of lexical units as cognitive phenomena. Among the basic techniques of conceptualization being described are nomination, predication (identifying the main definitional features of the concept, actualized in the utterance) and figurative-descriptive representations (such as ontological cognitive metaphors). The study has shown that the complex use of the above mentioned tools enriches the interpretation field of the existing concept ...
Onomastic component of a linguistic identity of a Russian military officer
... article verifies the proposal that the study of the onomastic component makes it possible to reveal more fully the specific of the language personality of the Russian military officer. Theoretical analysis of existing papers results in a generalized concept of a language personality as an image of a bearer of knowledge, models of behavior and reactions, cultural-linguistic and communicative-activity values. The vocabulary activated in communication is considered from the point of view of stylistic ...