The US Congress discussions on the deployment of American antimissile defence system in 1969
This article considers the course of discussions in the US Congress in 1969 in regard to the construction of American antimissile defence system.The author presents the arguments put forward by President Richard Nixon, Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird, senators, and members of the House of Representatives.
. Ф. 129. Оп. 58. П. 249. Д. 59.
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Actor-based network theory in the context of ideology and political ontology
... political processes. The authors analyze B. Latour’s criticism of the traditional political science and sociological approaches to the understanding of different spheres through the prism of ideology and interest. The initial assumptions and main arguments of the actor-network theory are compared with the post-Marxist theory of hegemony by E. Laclau and C. Mouffe. The conclusion draws attention to the limited possibilities of the practical application of STS since it lacks instruments of political ...
GMOs in agriculture: legal regulation and discussion
The article analyses legal arguments for admissibility/inadmissibility of GMOs in agriculture. The authors show that there is still no unanimous opinion of the effects produced by GMOs. Given the uncertainty, the ban on the use of genetic engineering in agriculture leads to the ...
On logical errors in Kant's table of judgements
... that the correct divisions were not unfamiliar to the 18th century German logic, nevertheless, they were not accepted by Kant. The author proposes possible explanations for Kant's violation of logical rules and offers a critical analysis of K. Reich's arguments in favour of the consistency of Kant's table of judgements.
1. Hegel G. W. F. Enzyklopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse.Bd. 1: Wissenschaft der Logik // Werke. Bd. 10. Frankfurt/M, 1983.
2. Heidegger, Martin. Kant und ...
Der Prozess über "Ein Hundert Talers": via eminentiae
The various positions in the suit about “hundred thalers” opened by Kant’s criticism of ontological argument are compared. It is argued that Heidegger’s concept of being as transcendental predicate cannot be identified with Frege’s treatment of existence as a second-order predicate. Furthermore it is shown that the understanding of being as perfection ...
The transcendental theory of experience and modern philoso¬phy of science
15. Круглов А. Н. Трансцендентализм в философии. М., 2000.
16. Хакинг Ян. Представление и вмешательство. М., 1998.
transcendental philosophy, transcendental method (argument), Kant’s theory of experience, philosophy of science, indirect phenomenon, Copernican revolution, transcendental theory of mathematics and physics.
Katrechko S. L.
Modality as a basis of Kant’s philosophical system and its connection to the language structure
... of possibilities, the actual world, and the world of necessity. Grammatical moods correspond to the modal worlds and the ‘faculties of the mind’. All this means that Kant’s system finds a reflection in the system of language, which is another argument in favour of the organicity of his philosophy. However, the philosophical ideas of Kant’s system can serve as basis for a theory of grammatical moods. Kant’s revolutionary idea of values, knowledge, and norms as three aspects of existential ...
Berlin in the contemporary German literature
... Hilbig W. Der Geruch der Bücher // Text und Kritik. München, 1994. H. 123:Wolfgang Hilbig.
9. Hilbig W. Ich. Frankfurt а/M, 1993.
10. Jirgl R. Hundsnächte. München, 1997.
11. Jung W. Idylle und Terrordrom. Berliner Mythen der neunziger Jahre // Das Argument. Jg. 40, H. 6. Berlin, 1998.
12. Jung W. Welch eine Simulation war doch diese Wirklichkeit // Text und Kritik.München, 1994. H. 123: Wolfgang Hilbig.
13. Langer Ph. Kein Ort. Überall. Die Einschreibung von «Berlin» in die deutsche Literatur....
J. N. Tetens’s ‘transcendental philosophy’ as a basic science¬ and criti¬cal propaedeutics to metaphysics
... experience and the bases of its certainty. The main target of his critique is ‘popular philosophy’, which appeals to common understanding; he seeks to defend it from the criticism of systemic knowledge in general and metaphysics in particular. In the argument between the advocates of the Leibniz-Wolff geometric philosophy and their opponents — enlighteners-eclecticists and pietists, Tetens manages to take a neutral position conducting a synthesis of the British observingphilosophy, French ‘reasoning ...
The liberal concept of freedom in the conservative teachings of K. N. Leontyev and L. A. Tikhomirov
... under the influence of political philosophical realism, focuses on analysing the theory and practice of the liberal democratic mechanism. The author pays special attention to the personalist/impersonalist elements in Leontyev’s and Tikhomirov’s argumentation. The correlation between monarchical and revolutionary-conservative principles in the thinkers’ interpretation of liberal “freedom” is revealed
1. Леонтьев К. Н. Два графа: Алексей Вронский и Лев ...
Kant, Radical Agnosticism, and Methodological Eliminativism about Things-in-Themselves
... problems about Kant’s views on the object of knowledge and the nature of things-in-themselves should meet three conditions: (1) it should be reasonably faithful to Kant’s views, (2) it must show that his views are internally consistent and his major arguments are valid, and (3) it must not rest on premises that are themselves philosophically implausible. Howell concludes that it would be philosophically good to find a satisfactory resolution of these problems, but also suspects that no such resolution ...
Pragmatic characteristics of complex sentences with relative clauses (based on German media discourse)
... complex sentences with relative clauses in the German media discourse. The author selects the following pragmatic schemes of hypotaxis structures of the studied type: specification, problematization, irony, simplification, complication, prevention and argument. The single-model and double-model types are identified as pragmatical types of complex sentences with relative clauses.
1. Любимова А. А. Языковые аспекты воздействия на общественное сознание: ...
Die relative Wahrheit der Abbildtheorie in der Interpretation von H. Rickert
This article analyses, first of all, the epistemological theory of reflection (Abbildtheorie) of Heinrich Rickert, the main representative of the Baden Neo-Kantianism School. The author analyses the key arguments put forward by Rickert against the understanding of cognition as a reflection of reality. Rickert’s standpoint is neutral. He criticises the transcendental theory of reflection, but does not reject the idea of reflection as a model of cognition ...
The linguistic paradigm in Kant studies
... Chernenok, I. G., 2005. Sposoby vyrazheniya argumentatsii v etiko-filosofskom diskurse I. Kanta (na materiale proizvedenii «Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten», «Kritik der praktischen Vernunft», «Metaphysik der Sitten») [Ways of expressing arguments in the ethical-philosophical discourse of I. Kant (on the material of works «Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten», «Kritik der praktischen Vernunft», «Metaphysik der Sitten»). Cand. philol. sci. diss. Kaliningrad.
13. Chernenok, I. G....
Kant und das Recht der Lüge
The author analyses the Enlightenment's principle of justifying lie from altruistic motives, which was criticised by Kant in the article "On a supposed right..." The article considers the advantages and disadvantages of arguments drawn in Kant's work. The author proves and specifies the admissibility of lie due to ethical and legal principles put forward by Kant in other publications and lectures, namely: need for self-defence and internal legal duty to humanity (categorical ...
Analytical Kant studies, transcendental idealism, and the thing in itself
... that some consider Kant to be a conceptualist, while others consider him an anti-conceptualist. For some, he is an internalist and, for others, an externalist. For some, he is a constructivist and, for others is a realist. This paper develops the main arguments pro and contra possible interpretations of Kant’s texts and presents the author’s interpretation of some key points of Kant’s theory of knowledge. Contrary to the analytical mainstream in Kant studies, the author argues that Kant’s ‘transcendental ...
Political reconsideration of the Soviet past: attitudes and actions of the Lithuanian elites
... Societies of Design Research) conference paper.
15. Velikonja, M. 2009, Lost in Transition: Nostalgia for Socialism in Postsocialist Countries, East European Politics and Societies, no. 23, p. 535—551.
16. Walzer, M. 1994, Thick and thin: Moral argument at home and abroad, Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press.
17. Winter, J. 2000, The generation of memory: Reflections on the “memory boom” in contemporary historical studies, Bulletin of the German Historical Institute, no. 27, p. ...
Innovation centres as growth points for smaller towns and rural areas
... development of surrounding areas beyond large cities. At the same time, the innovative development of rural areas should be of a composite nature; municipality development strategies take innovations into account. International practices serve as a an argument in favour of establishing innovative centres in smaller and medium-sized towns in order to facilitate the socioeconomic development of the territory and surrounding rural areas. Science parks created in smaller towns give a boost to socioeconomic ...
Inadvisable Concession: Kant’s Critique of the Political Philosophy of Christian Garve
The starting point of my study is Kant’s remark to the effect that Garve in his treatise on the connection between morality and politics presents arguments in defence of unjust principles. Recognition of these principles is, according to Kant, an inadvisable concession to those who are inclined to abuse it. I interpret this judgement by making a detailed comparison of the texts of the two treatises....
The communication of persons: Kant’s theory of marriage law held captive by pagan anthropology
... family. Kant's opinions about the reasons of inacceptability of false and, as a matter of fact, contractually based forms of matrimonial unions, proceed in undermining still more the basics of his positive philosophy of family, and supply additional arguments for a reform of Kantian philosophy of matrimonial law. In the expositions of Kant’s philosophy of marriage, when purified from this naturalistic premise, there can be traced some more integral notion of family union, seen as a moral unity ...
Formal terms of reproach in Russian discourse
... (in Russ.).
Shcherbinina, Y. V., 2004. Russkii yazyk: Rechevaya agressiya i puti ee preodoleniya [Russian language: Speech aggression and ways to overcome it]. Moscow (in Russ.).
Goldberg, A., 1995. Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure. Chicago.
Hanson, K. C., 1996. How Honorable! How Shameful! A Cultural Analysis of Matthew's Makarisms and Reproaches. Semeia, 68, pp. 83—114.
Klein, D. B., 2001. A Plea to Economists Who Favour Liberty: Assist the Everyman. London....
Historical memory in the age of globalization: the case of Russian- Estonian relations
... roles and applications of history. On the basis of an analysis of academic discourses on globalization and historical memory, the author arrives at two conclusions. On the one hand, the proponents of globalization use historical memory as one of their arguments: they claim that the history of globalization in international relations stretches back to the 19th century, thus globalization is an irreversible process. On the other hand, globalization attaches international significance to historical events ...
Kant, Nietzsche, and the Enlightenment: A comparative analysis
... filosofii Nitsshe skvoz prizmu ego vospriyatiya ucheniya Kanta [The evolution of Nietzsche’s philosophy through his reception of Kant’s philosophy], Argumentatsyia I intertretatsii: issledovaniya po logike, istorii filosofii i sotsialnoy filosofii… [Argumentation and interpretations: researches in logic, history of philosophy and social philosophy…], p. 150—165.
17. Frank, S. L. 2001, Nitsshe i etika lubvi k dalnemu [Nietzsche and ethics of “love for distant”], Nitsshe: pro et contra [Nietzsche: ...
Feyerabend’s Natural Law Notes and their significance for Kant studies. Preface
... jestestvennaja istorija i teorija neba [Universal Natural History and Theory of the Heavens], Sobranije sochinienij v 8 tt. [Works in 8 vol.], Moscow, Vol. 1.
3. Kant, I. 1994c, Jedinstvenno vozmozhnoje osnovanije dla lokazatelstva bytija Boga [The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God], Sobranije sochinienij v 8 tt. [Works in 8 vol.], Moscow, Vol. 1.
4. Kant, I. 2016, Jestestvennoje pravo Fajerabjenda. Vvedenije [Natural Law of Feyerabend. Introduction], Kantovskij sbornik ...
Vernunft und Glaube. Zu Kants Deduktion der Gnadenlehre
Kant’s deduction of the Christian doctrine of justification, respectively the doctrine of grace, leads to the question in what sense philosophy can deal with God’s grace without falsely replacing it with its own arguments. Kant’s answer (a) is that the imputation of evil without attempt to justify it by means of one’s own resources requires thinking of God as the external judge in the internal court of justice, respectively as one’s conscience. This reference ...
Cohen and Natorp’s Philosophy of Religion: the Argument about the Boundary of Reason
The philosophy of religion as presented by Hermann Cohen and Paul Natorp, the founders and main representatives of the Marburg School of Neo-Kantianism, is an important and at the same time controversial part of their philosophical systems. The discussion around the problems of religion began within the Marburg School and still continues among those who study that School. The reason for this is that “fitting” philosophical thinking about the phenomenon of religion into the classical triad of any...
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... Reason is not contingent but explains how this figure functions in two essential ways: as a representation of a maximum of morality that can ground our moral disposition and in so doing acts as a standard for morality. More precisely, the following argument is made: 1) the sublime nature of the image of Christ — as an image of universal respect for the law — awakens the moral feeling of subjects in the sense of the possibility of overcoming one’s perverted nature; 2) as moral perfection it ...
Kants Freiheitsargument. Diskussion von Heiko Puls: Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt. Berlin und Boston: De Gruyter, 2016. 318 S.
Heiko Puls’ work Sittliches Bewusstsein und Kategorischer Imperativ in Kants Grundlegung: Ein Kommentar zum dritten Abschnitt, presents an attempt to show that, in the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Kant’s argumentation for the objective value of the categorical imperative is almost based upon the same principle as the one presented in the second Critique. More precisely, Puls claims that, like in the Critique of Practical Reason, the Groundwork operates ...
The transformation of the Swedish political party system in the late 20th/early 21st century
... Sverigedemokraterna och nationen, 2011, Sverigedemokraternas principprogram 2011, Antogs av Landsdagarna 2011, Tryckversion 1.0-2012-02-17, p. 11—12.
33. Andersson, H. 2007, Från Bevara Sverige svenskt, BSS 1979 till Sverigedemokraterna 2006, Stockholm, Fakta / Argument, 63 p.
34. Brandel, T 2010, SD siktar in sig på hbt-röster, Svenska Dagbladet, 28.07.2010, available at: http://www.svd.se/nyheter/inrikes/sd-siktar-in-sig-pa-hbt-roster_5054837.svd (accessed 15 May 2013).
35. 20 röster om 20 år: Sverigedemokraterna ...
The teaching on postulates in Kant’s lectures on philosophical theory of religion
... include an introduction, two parts, and an appendix. The introduction contains an overview of the basic questions and problems of rational theology, namely: the concept of theology, arts of natural theology, the idea of highest essence, possible types of arguments for the existent of God and their limitations etc. The first part is called “Transcendental theology”. It is of limited research interest, since it largely follows contemporary textbooks (first of all, Baumgarten’s Metaphysics). The second ...
The Problem of the Relationship between Apperception, Self-Consciousness and Consciousness in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
... transcendental philosophy. The prime task is to discover the categories of understanding and to prove the legitimacy of their use, a task that is further complicated by the difference between the editions of the Critique of Pure Reason in terms of the argumentation in the section on the deduction of categories and Kant’s concept of apperception. Accordingly, the author seeks to clarify the purpose of each of the above-mentioned faculties and to establish their inter-relationship. To this end the ...
Translation and Discourse Analysis
... Studies. A multidisciplinary introduction, London: Sage. Vol. 1: Discourse as Structure and Process. pp. 1—34.
van Dijk, T. A., 2008. Discourse and Power. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Vermeer, H. J., 1996. A Skopos Theory of Translation (Some arguments for and against). Heidelberg: TEXTconTEXT.
Wetherell, M., Taylor, S., Yates, S. J., 2001. Discourse Theory and Practice. A Reader. London: Sage.
Wood, L. and Kroger, R. O., 2000. Doing Discourse Analysis. Methods for Studying Action in Talk ...
A man as a “citizen of two worlds”: The development of Kantian themes by Rosenzweig
... Rosenzweig stresses that the central position of revelation relates to the notion of freedom.The author believes that Rosenzweig is a thinker that occupies a position between old and new philosophy. For the author of The Star of Redemption, the logical and argumentative aspect (of analysis and synthesis) and the hermeneutical aspect of religious experience are necessary elements of the path to understanding the truth, which can be fully reproduced and implemented only in listening to the word of god.
Is Spinoza’s Ethics Heteronomous in the Kantian Sense of the Term?
The prevailing interpretations of Spinoza’s ethical theory view it as an example of heteronomy in the Kantian sense of the term. I make a case for the claim that is not in harmony with such interpretations. In the course of the argument I discuss Kant’s concepts of autonomy and heteronomy showing how they refer to will and to ethics. Then I describe a group of interpretations which portray Spinoza’s moral theory as heteronomous. My critique begins by presenting some textual ...
‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
... Leibnitz — on the Russian philosophy of the 19th/20th centuries. The ideas of metaphysical personalists and neo-Leibnizians (E. A. Bobrov, A. A. Kozlov, S. A. Alekseev (Askoldov), N. O. Lossky, and V. Salagova) are invoked to demonstrate the main arguments of the critique of Kantianism and neo-Kantianism in Russian philosophy. It is shown that the ideas of Russian neo-Leibnizians are closely connected with those of the thinkers of the ‘late and mature phase’ of German idealism (A. Trendelenburg,...
Kant, Gödel, and the problem of synthetic a priori judgements
... never mentions synthetic a priori judgements, the course of his reasoning about analytical judgements is close to that employed by Kant. As early as the mid-20th century, Gödel’s incompleteness theorems and the works of Church and Turing constituted arguments in favour of the existence of synthetic a priori judgements. The American logician Irving Copi was the first to use Gödel’s first incompleteness theory to that end. While his small work went almost unnoticed, such ideas were expressed by ...
Kant on Human Dignity: Autonomy, Humanity, and Human Rights
... J. Ladd. Cambridge & MA: Hackett Publishing Company.
Kant, I., 2011. Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime and Other Writings. Edited by P. Frierson and P. Guyer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kitcher, P., 2017. A Kantian Argument for the Formula of Humanity. Kant-Studien, 108(2), pp. 218-246.
Klemme, H. F., 2015. “die vernünftige Natur existirt als Zweck an sich selbst.” Überlegungen zu Oliver Sensens Interpretation der Menschheitsformel in der Grundlegung zur Metaphysik ...
Local border traffic and the development of retail trade in the Kaliningrad region and Polish borderlands
... with EU], Deutsche Welle, available at: http://www.dw.de/a-17740616 (accessed 12.05.2015).
4. Lomakin, S. 2014, Druzhim domami? V Pol'she podveli itogi dvuh let dejstvija programmy MPP [Friends houses? Poland summed up two years of the program, WFP], Arguments and Facts, available at: http://www.klg.aif.ru/politic/1366501 (accessed 21.01.2015).
5. Żęgota, K. 2014, Polish-Russian Small Border Traffic in the Context of Russia-EU Relations, Balt. Reg., no. 3, p. 88—99. DOI: 10.5922/2079-8555-2014-3-8....
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... in Kant’s First Critique, in: Kant’s Idealism: New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine (ed. by D. Schulting & J. Verburgt), Dordrecht : Spinger, p. 55—70.
13. Bird, G. 1962 (1974), Kant’s Theory of Knowledge: An Outline of One Central Argument in the Critique of Pure Reason, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
14. der Boer, K. 2014, Kant’s Multi-Layered Conception of Things in Themselves, Transcendental Objects, and Monads, Kant-Studien, vol.105(2), p. 221—260.
15. Buchdahl, G. 1992,...
Georges Gurvitch and Sergey Hessen on the Possibility of Forming Social Unity
... and Publicity // Con-Textos Kantianos. International Journal of Philosophy, 4, pp. 70-88.
Zilber, A. S., 2016b. Knowing Humanity without Knowing the Human Being: the Structure of Polemic in Kant’s Political Argumentation. Kantian Journal, 3(57), pp. 28-47.
social law, society, individual, state, solidarity, sobornost, Neo-Kantianism
Zagirnyak M. Yu.
Kant and the Crusians in the Debate on Optimism
n this article, which completes a two-part series on the problem of optimism in Kant’s works, I explore in detail the arguments advanced by the Crusians A. F. Reinhard and D. Weymann against the actual world as the best of all possible worlds and in favour of the actual world as one of the good worlds, Kant’s counterarguments put forward in the mid-1750s drafts and ...
‘Reaching out’ beyond the text: philosophical notes
..., 2009. Zhitie prepodobnogo Paisiya Galichskogo [The life of Saint Paisii Galichski. Investigations and texts]. Moscow: PSTGU Publishing House (in Russ.).
Alekseev, A., 2006. Filosofskii tekst: idei, argumentatsia, obrazy [Philosophical text: ideas, arguments, images]. Moscow: Progress-Traditsiya (in Russ.).
Anisin, A., 2002. Philosophy of the text. Text dynamics. Topos. Literaturno-filosofskii zhurnal [Topos. A literary-philosophical journal]. Available at: http://
Was heißt Fortschritt im Wissen? Gnoseotopische Überlegungen zur Aufklärung und ihren Folgen
... shift from ignorance as a given to ignorance as a systematically reflected part of the conditions of human knowledge from a historical point of view through the examples of Christian Wolff, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, and Johann Georg Sulzer. The argument does not focus on the ‘completion’ of the rationalist system of 18th-century philosophy, but rather on the subversive quality of the introduction of subrational elements into that system, resulting in the ultimate breakdown of the system ...
Moral und Dogma: Alois Riehls Neukantianismus im Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Politik
... the state, and a strong anti-Kantianism in Austrian Philosophy as a consequence. We can agree with this thesis insofar as Riehl in the period of the “Catholic Renaissance” in Austria was not allowed to succeed Ernst Mach. The analysis of Riehl’s arguments allows us furthermore to understand Riehl as a neo-Kantian as early as 1871/1872, which has been questioned by many authors who think the early Riehl was no Kantian.
Anonym, 1871a. Preßprozeß des „Volksboten“ wegen Verbrechens der ...
On the Role of Gesinnung in Kant’s Ethics and Philosophy of Religion. Part I
... of English versions of translations of Kant’s term Gesinnung (disposition, attitude, conviction, sentiment, comportment of mind, intention, Gesinnung) and their more important differences and have shown the unhistorical character of the translation arguments in modern English-speaking Kant scholarship which totally ignores pre-Kantian history and the context of Kant’s contemporaries. Proceeding from this study the next part of the article will offer my own interpretation of Kant’s concept of ...
Kant’s Dissertation for the Master’s Degree On Fire and the Transformations of his Ideas of Ethereal Matter
... Sample I Contains the Physical Monadology. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, I755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford in collaboration with R. Meerbote. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 47-66.
Kant, I., 1992c. The Only Possible Argument in Support of a Demonstration of the Existence of God. In: I. Kant, 1992. Theoretical philosophy, I755-1770. Translated and edited by D. Walford in collaboration with R. Meerbote. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 107-202.
Kant, I., ...
Kant and the Problem of Optimism: The Origin of the Debate
... that the actual world is the best of all possible worlds. However, Kant’s epistolary legacy leads one to the conclusion that the philosopher examined the problem in the framework of a polemic on Crusian philosophy. This article presents Crusius’s arguments against the theory that this is the best of all possible worlds and in favour of the theory that there are several good worlds. God’s choice of the actual world owes therefore to the freedom of contradiction (libertas contradictionis) and ...