History in Transcription and Transcription as History: Charles Bally in Soviet Linguistics
This article describes the results of a systemic study into the history of conveying the name of the Swiss linguist Charles Bally by the means of Russian transcription, in the 20th-century linguistic discussions. The author reconstructs the history of introducing Charles Bally’s works into Russian and Soviet linguistics, particularly, in the context of the publication of Ferdinand de Saussure’s Course of General Linguistics. The article analyses the variants of transcribing the name Bally in...
Acute renal failure and acute kidney injury: The historical aspects of the syndromes
This paper addresses the historical development of the renal failure concept from antiquity to the present. The authors define the term ‘acute renal failure’ and ‘acute kidney injury’. The article presents a classification of these diseases. It is shown that the development of renal failure is associated with a significant increase in age-independent mortality. The main biomarker of a kidney injury, which may be elevated in patients with ischemic heart disease, is creatinine.
1. Rea M...
The ulrasonographic semiotics of diffuse liver disease: Verification using the point shear-wave elastography
This article estimates the severity of ultrasonographic changes in the liver at different stages of fibrosis. Sixty-three patients underwent B-mode ultrasound scanning of the spleen and the liver and ARFI-elastography of the liver. Elastography measured the shear wave speed from the 9th, 8th, and 7th intercostal spaces in the anterior axillary line at a depth of 6.0 cm from the skin surface. It was established that patients with fibrosis stages F1 and F2 exhibited from one to four and those with...
”What is the voice of truth?” The anagram in XVIII century French culture
The paper explores the history of the anagram phenomenon in the French culture of the XVIII century. The author considers tendencies in the development of literature inherited from the Baroque period, including the practice of creating pseudonyms by anagramming and using anagrams in satirical poetry. The reduction of anagrams to the level of the language game and the secondary nature of theorizing are the characteristic features of this century, when a break with the esoteric traditions of the past...
Hermeneutics of Guilt in Johannes Bobrowski’s Works
The poetic destiny of the outstanding German poet and novelist Johannes Bobrowski is being considered. His poetology in the most complicated synthesis of antinomic semantics and metrics is being analyzed. The existence of guilt with its exacerbated spirit of his Christian humanity’s eschatological personalism in creative work of Bobrowski is being emphasized. The conclusion about the essential equality of his poetic language and being/nothingness in his understanding is being made.
Tourism in Border Regions: Theoretical Aspects of a Geographical Study
This article considers theoretical aspects of tourism studies and development in border regions. The work aims to identify key areas of geographical studies into tourism in border regions. Its research significance lies in a review of Russian and international literature on border territory and the role of tourism in socioeconomic development. In terms of methodology, it is an analytical work. The authors stress a need for a systemic approach to analysing tourism in border areas and describe the...
Poland’s Foreign Policy Mechanisms: Legal Framework and Policy Analysis
This article describes the features of Poland’s foreign policy. Special attention is paid to the foreign policy mandate of the president, government, and minister of foreign affairs and the procedure for devising Poland’s foreign policy strategy. Another focus is the contribution of local government to Poland’s foreign policy. The author describes the features of Poland’s foreign policy mechanism and emphasises its potential instability associated with a multi-tier decision-making procedure...
Regional Geographic Information Systems of Health and Environmental Monitoring
The article describes a new scientific and methodological approach to designing geographic information systems of health and environmental monitoring for urban areas. Geographic information systems (GIS) are analytical tools of the regional health and environmental monitoring; they are used for an integrated assessment of the environmental status of a large industrial centre or a part of it. The authors analyse the environmental situation in Voronezh, a major industrial city, located in the Central...
Geography of Electoral Volatility in the Warmia and Mazury Voivodeship of Poland
The authors describe the impact of administrative reforms on the electoral volatility in the Warmia and Mazury voivodeship of Poland. The administrative reforms resulted in the formation of a new territorial organization of power. Using three large administrative units of Poland as an example, the authors analyse the experience of the formation of a geographic region by merging several politically diverse territories. The merger took place in a changing political environment. It inevitably affected...
On crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of the Baltic States
This article considers the legitimacy of political regimes in the Baltic States by analysing three major parameters: confidence in political institutions, level of corruption, and the development of their party systems. The author identifies the major crisis trends in the legitimacy of the political regimes of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. The article stresses the problem of legitimacy reproduction resulting from the limited representation of the national party systems. Special attention is paid...
Paul Natorp’s social pedagogic theory and it’s relevance to modern russian education
The paper discusses Paul Natorp’s social pedagogy theory from the point of its relevance to the modern educational discussions. Natorp sees practical task of his pedagogic theory in negation of German society’s crisis tendencies. The theoretical context of social pedagogy was defined by several key factors. The first one is Natorp’s dependency on legacy of Plato, J. Pestalozzi and I. Kant, while second deals with his critic of fundamental grounds of dominant contemporary pedagogical system...
Supranational party system of the EU
The article confirms the hypothesis that a multiplicity of parties of the European and national levels forms the party system of the European Union (EU). The authors describe the main characteristics of Europarties and political groups comprised of them as key actors in the European Parliament’s (EP) political and legislative processes. The authors adopt the institutional approach and make use of the tools of the comparative, structural, and functional analyses. Special attention is paid to the...
Political competition and consolidation in the process of Eurasian in¬tegration
This article focuses on the political processes in the countries of Eurasian continent against the background of Eurasian integration. The author describes the steps of the integration process. The article compares assessments of Eurasian integration given by scholars and political scientists from different countries. The author considers the features of different stages of Eurasian integration in view of the processes of political competition and consolidation within the Eurasian space.
The subspecies affiliation of some birds nesting n the Kaliningrad region. Part 2.2: Рasseriformes
This article presents data on the taxonomy of birds in the Kaliningrad re¬gion as compared to the taxonomic reviews of birds of Belarus, the Baltic States, Poland, and other European territories. This is the final part a study into the subspecies affiliation of some nesting species of the order Passeriformes. Studying ample data collections and analysing publications made it possible to present a review of the subspecies affiliation of ten nesting bird species.
1. Алекс У. (О. А. Олексас)...
Fatih Karimi’s early poems (late 1920s — early 1930s)
In line with the need for a comprehensive system analysis of the poetic works of the influential Tatar poet and literary figure Fatih Karimi, this arti-cles considers the early but the most literary advanced poems created as his poetic voice was emerging. The study shows that the process of the poet’s creative evolution followed a trajectory from the ‘social ideological order’ towards expressing the ‘living’ human feeling and lyrical sacredness.
1. Мазитов З. М. Фатих Карим:...
About the method of estimating the parameters of seismic signals
The advantages of using the method of Matrix pencil method in order spectral analysis of the signals received at seismic sensors. This use will in-crease the effectiveness of application of seismic sensors in a wide range of technical equipments, securing the perimeter, access control, geophysical in-struments, and so on.
Волков А. Д. Применение сейсмодатчика МЕТ1003 в экспериментальной технике // Прикладная физика. 2011...
Verification modified model bio productivity EPIC at regional level
... 1—2. С. 89—93.
10. Torres R. et al. GMES Sentinel-1 mission // Remote Sensing of Environment.2012. Vol. 120. P. 9—24.
11. Евтюшкин А. В., Филатов А. В. Брыксин В. М. Сопровождение архива ERS-2\SAR на территорию России // Вестник Сибирского государственного аэрокосмического университета им. академика М. Ф. Решетнёва. 2013. № 5(51).С. 46—48....
The development of nationalist identities in the Baltics: The Latvian aspect
This article discusses the development of post-Soviet nationalist identity in Latvia under the influence of nationalist neo-Nazi organizations and persuasion. The ethnic component occupies a central place in today's political identification in Latvia. It is proved that major political groups and parties recognize and proclaim nationalist principles regardless of their basic ideology.
1. Parming T. Nationalism in Soviet Estonia since 1964 // Nationalism in the USSR and Eastern Europe in the era of...
The subspecies affiliation of some breeding bird species in the Kaliningrad region. P. 2.1: Passerines — Passeriformes
This article (part 2/1) presents data on the taxonomy of birds of the Kaliningrad region in comparison with the taxonomic reviews of birds in Belarus, the Baltic States, Poland, and other European territories. It is the second part of the work that discusses the issue of subspecies affiliation of some breeding species of the order Passeriformes. Based on the study of extensive data collections and an analysis of publications, the author provides an overview of subspecies affiliation of 23 nesting...
On the illocutionary “responsibility” of the author in a dramatic paratext
This article deals with the heterogeneity of author's illocutionary intentions in the process of creating a dramatic paratext. It is suggested that the pragmatic orientation of typologically different paratextual structures can be purely directive (prescriptive) as well as narrative, which emphasizes the transgenre character of paratext. The article addresses the specific features of implementation of the extradiegetic author category in drama on a paratextual level, as well as its role in the creation...
Daphnia magna Straus (1826) (Cladocera, Crustacea) as a test object for assessing endocrine disorders in aquatic organisms
This article examines the effect of prednisolone – an analogue of the ver-tebrate hormone hydrocortisone – on the activity of somatic growth, blood sys-tem function, fecundity, and reproductive rate in Daphnia Straus (1826) (Cladocera, Crustacea) in three consecutive generations. This hormone had a proven effect on the studied morpho-functional characteristics of Daphnia. It indicates that the test object is sensitive to exogenous hormones, therefore, Daphina can be used in assessing endocrine...
Steroid hormone in marine bivalve molluscs of the annual cycle
This article describes the features of quantitative distribution of glucocorticoid steroid hormones — hydrocortisone and corticosterone – at different stages of the life cycle of the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) and the European flat oyster (Ostrea eduliss). The author identifies a common pattern of hormone dynamics consisting in a reduction in the level of hormones in molluscs in the course of maturation. Interspecies differences in the ratio of hormone levels are described...
The accumulation of heavy metals by wild mushrooms in the Kaliningrad region
This article considers the heavy metal accumulation capacity of wild mushroomson on the basis of calculating the concentration and biological uptake coefficients. An analysis of these data shows that some mushroom species have a high selective capacity for cadmium (B. edulis) and zinc accumulation (R. decolorans) independent of the concentration of these elements in the substrate. A higher concentration of heavy metals was detected in the Russulaceae picked on the Sambia peninsula in comparison to...
A theoretical and methodological framework for the cognitive approach to word formation studies
The present-day stage of scientific knowledge is characterized by a shift of research aims in different scientific spheres to the cognitive aspects of linguistic phenomena. The cognitive approach to research on word-formation processes is supported by many linguists; however, still being insufficiently developed, it requires a systematization of new methodological tools. The author presents her own vision of the methodological and theoretical framework of cognitive word formation studies.
Application of radio physical methods for diagnostics of functional properties of magnetic tunnel transitions
The article presents the main investigation results of the structural and magnetic parameters of a series of samples formed on single-crystal (MgO) and on amorphous substrates Si/SiO2 structures. Were assessed quality indicators such as the paramagnetic phase, the presence of impurities, and an analysis of the functional properties through continued Gilbert was done. The radiophysical methods features for the diagnosis of prospective structures were shown.
1. Zutic I., Fabian J., Das Sarma S. Spintronics...
Filtration activity of mollusks Mya arenaria L. (Bivalvia) in estuaries of the southern Baltic Sea
This article argues that, in the estuaries the South Baltic, the bivalve molluscs Mya arenaria are capable of consuming an average of 6.5 % of the water body primary production. A numerical assessment of the filtration rate of these molluscs shows that they can filter daily an average of 2.41 ± 1.01 m3 of water per a square meter of the river bed. During the vegetation season, molluscs can clear approximately 380 m3 of water in estuaries removing up to 558.9 ± 65.7 g of suspended organic matters...
On the formation and dynamics of eddy at the cost of Southeaster Baltic based on the data of remote sensing
7. Rudolph C., Lehmann A. A model-measurements comparison of atmospheric forcing and surface fluxes of the Baltic Sea // Oceanologia. 2006. № 48 (3). P. 333—360.
Gurova Ye. S.
coastal currents, satellite images, remote sensing, Baltic Sea, SAR, MODIS.
The models and focuses of pscyhoeducation in medical practice
This article describes the basic models, goals and focuses of psychoeducation in the practice of treatment and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. The identification of these components of pscyhoeducation will help introduce effective psychoeducation programmers into the practice of treatment and re-habilitation of people with disabilities.
Групповая психотерапия: теория и практика. М
M., Marsh K.
The development of emotional culture in primary school children
The article is devoted to the problem of children’s’ emotional culture. The author analyses the possibility of its formation by means of basic educational disciplines. Special attention is paid to the development of emotional culture by psychological centres of education institutions. This problem is considered through the example of the experiment on emotional culture improvement conducted in one of the schools of Saransk
On the development of the "Greater Finland" iIdeology
This article focuses on the role of Länsipohja and Ruija in the "Greater Finland" ideology. The growing interest in the closely related peoples in the 1920s became a prerequisite for the foundation of the Academic Karelia Society (AKS). The author addresses the activity of the AKS concerning Länsipohja and Ruija.
Snellman ja nationalismi // J.
V. Snellman ja sanomalehdistö. Kuopiossa 6. Ja 7. Helmikuuta 1981 pidetyn Snellman ja sanomalehdistö-seminaarin alustukset...
Ferromagnetic resonance research of multilayer structures for magnetic tunnel junctions
The article presents research on magnetic properties and magnetic interaction of a 3-layer ferromagnetic — insulator — ferromagnetic
nanoscale thin film structures by the ferromagnetic resonance method (FRM). The results proved by magnetic hysteresis measurement data
show FRM diagnostic possibilities for the functionality identification for multilayer structures for spintronics applications.
J., Das Sarma
// Rev. Mod. Phys.
V. 76. P. 323.
Ontogenetic Dynamics of Hydrocortisone Quantitative Content of the Common Octopus Octopus vulgaris, Lamark (Cephalopoda: Octopodidae)
The article describes the quantitative content dynamics of the hydrocortisone steroid hormone in different organs and tissues in the course of the common octopus ontogenesis. The author detects general patterns of its quantitative distribution in the octopus organism and formulates a hypothesis on the functional significance of hydrocortisone in the examined tissues of mollusks.
Hydrocortisone level is one of the most important organizers of general adaptation syndrome in the organisms of vertebrates...
The revision of avifauna in the south-eastern Baltic (within the borders of the Kaliningrad region)
This article compares the structure of avifauna within the present-day borders of the Kaliningrad region over the period from the end of 19th century to 2010. The author argues that the species turnover in nesting birds has accelerated and that immigration exceeds local mortality. The unification of regional avifauna is a part of the general process of biosphere homogenisation.
А., Архипов В.
Список птиц Российской...
The development of ideas about the formation of Arctic sea fauna and its biogeographical connections
The author arrives at a conclusion on the vast biogeographical connections of the Arctic, Atlantic and Pacific faunas in the Phanerozoic faunas on the basis of the comparative analysis of modern and ancient communities of invertebrates and the changes in their habitats.
Беклемишев К. В.
Экология и биогеография пелагиали. М., 1969.
Беляев Г. М.
Пути формирования глубоководной фауны //...
The endocrine function organization in flatworms
This article focuses on the endocrine function in flatworms. It is implemented with the help of two groups of hormones. Several centres of neurosecretory cell localisation were discovered in the nervous system of flatworms. The hormonal signal is transmitted with the help of adenylate cyclase system, which is peculiar to vertebrates. Endogenous steroids – sex steroids and glycocorticoids
— were detected in some flatworm species. These data suggest that flatworms have an endocrine system, whose...
Criminal policy: the concept, problems, and prospects
This article analyzes the definition and content of criminal policy. Special attention is paid to the criminological aspect. The authors scrutinize the
trends of development of criminal policy in theory and practice and formulate a number of key elements of the criminal policy concept.
Условно-досрочное освобождение от отбывания наказания: теоретические и правоприменительные проблемы:...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky, to the understanding of the essence of law. He supported methodological pluralism and identified four theoretical and two practical concepts of law. The neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested itself in the reference to the normative nature of legal rules and law in general and its independence of any external authorities or internal motivations of human behavior. According...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
This article considers the key aspects of P. Natorp’s aesthetics in the system of his philosophy and identifies the legitimate position of aesthetics in the structure of philosophical disciplines: logic, ethics, and philosophy of religion. The author analyses the understanding of aesthetics and philosophyof arts and creative works in line with the Neo-Kantian tradition. The article focuses on the thinker’s contribution to the philosophy of the Marburg School and the justification of idealism...
1. Белов В. Н. Неокантианство. Саратов, 2002. Ч. 2 : Пауль Наторп.
2. Гессен С. И. (Sergius). Пауль Наторп // Воля России: Журнал политики и культуры. 1924. № 8—9. С. 263—268.
3. Гессен С. И. Мое жизнеописание // Гессен С. И. Избр. соч. / сост. А. Валицкий, Н. Чистяков. М., 1998. С. 723—782.
4. Гессен С. И. Педагогические...
The Kant workshop held in Saratov
Belov V., Pankova T.
The EU Vs. Russia: Legal Nature and Implementation of the Union’s Restrictive Measures
The author proposes his take on the EU sanctions against Russia. He aims to understand the legal nature of the EU restrictions, the exact procedure of their implementation, revision, and repeal, as well as their judicial review. To this end, he proposes a system of sanction classification, analyses current EU legislation on the imposition and implementation of sanctions, as well as the case law on the sanction policy. The author also examines EU sanctions imposed on other countries and compares them...
Monotowns: A New Take on the Old Problem
The authors of this paper propose an approach to studying risk management in the most vulnerable monotowns that would account for the relations between major stakeholders and use the tools developed in the framework of the new institutional economic theory. Having compared the existing definitions of the “monotown” concept, the authors present their own approach. They identify key reasons behind monotown vulnerability and systematize stakeholders’ risks. The authors then posit that a study...
Kaliningrad Architectural Landscape as a Tourist Attraction
The authors consider the development of urban tourism as one of the factors behind the socioeconomic development of a territory. They give estimates for tourism revenues associated with the emergence of a new attraction and its inclusion into travel itineraries and landmark maps. The authors look at the experience of development of historical European towns from the perspective of tourist attractiveness and explore the role of architectural landscape in creating a positive image of a town for tourists;...
Supranational Policy of Migrant Integration in the EU
Integration of migrants is an intrinsic part of the modern life of almost all European states pursuing an active migration policy. This article sets out to identify socioeconomic and demographic conditions for the formation of a national migrant integration policy in the framework of implementing European directives. The study contributes to a better understanding of the mechanisms of efficient integration policy development. The article presents an overview of the major forms of social integration...
Current Issues in the Geodemographic Studies in Russia
The article takes stock of the “state of affairs” in contemporary research of geographical demography in the USSR and the RF. The issue, concludes the author, has not received sufficient attention, and the use of geodemographic studies in managing regional development remains limited. This article aims to demonstrate three things: the importance of geodemographic approach in comprehensive regional studies to the needs of regional strategic planning; the key features of geodemographic typology...
The structure of political elite networks in the Republic of Poland in 1993—2013
To identify the structure of network ties within Polish political elites; to study the features of network ties formation and the impact that both primary and labour socialisation periods and diaspora characteristics have on this process; to describe the structural features of the resultant network structures over different periods of time and analyse the structural dynamics of political elites for the purpose of forecasting major trends in the structural transformation of Polish political elites...
The chronosoteriology of the Königsberg text
This article considers the futurological potential of the experience of “salvation of time” reflected in the works of representatives of the so-called ‘Königsberg text’. Despite the differences in diagnosing the modern state of affairs, which is being reduced to the binary opposition of the ‘optimistic belief in progress’ vs the ‘apocalyptic belief in the inevitability of the end of the world’, the chronosoteriologies of the ‘Königsberg text’ represented in the works of Dach...
The methodological bases of comparative evaluation of sci¬entific and technological potential of Russia and the EU: regional and international aspects
This article analyses approaches to the definition of such categories as “scientific and technological potential” and “innovative potential” in view of their resource, structural, procedural and resultant components. The author gives a more accurate definition of the scientific and technological potential through identifying its resources and orientation towards transforming abilities. On the basis of the existing methods of comparative analysis used in Russia and abroad, the author proposes...
Euroregions as a factor of successful international integration in modern conditions
This article focuses on the correlation between the contemporary crisis phenomenon in the Eurozone and some CIS countries, and the existing Euroregions. We attempt to analyze the interdependence of the qualitative aspect of cross-border relations of European countries with their economic sustainability in the context of regional international integration. The theoretical significance of this work lies in the revealed correlation between the efficiency of cross-border Euroregions and the additional...
On the prospects of cooperation between Russian and Lithuanian innovative sectors
From the perspective of the modern system of domestic relations facilitating the development of research and industrial potential of the country and aimed at creating the conditions for the development of science intensive industries, which extract a high surplus value, the authors consider the research and education and innovation sectors of the Republic of Lithuania — the closest neighbour of the Russian Federation in the North-West region. The analysis of competences of Lithuanian research and...