‘Back to Kant’ or ‘Back to Leibnitz’? A critical view from the history of Russian metaphysical personalism
... philosophy of the 19th/20th centuries. The ideas of metaphysical personalists and neo-Leibnizians (E. A. Bobrov, A. A. Kozlov, S. A. Alekseev (Askoldov), N. O. Lossky, and V. Salagova) are invoked to demonstrate the main arguments of the critique of Kantianism and neo-Kantianism in Russian philosophy. It is shown that the ideas of Russian neo-Leibnizians are closely connected with those of the thinkers of the ‘late and mature phase’ of German idealism (A. Trendelenburg, R. G. Lotze, and G. Teichmüller)....
Russia’s energy policy in the Baltic region: a geoeconomic approach
This article analyses certain issues of implementation of Russian energy policy in the Baltic region fr om the geoeconomic perspective. The purpose of the study is to explain Russian energy policy in the region as dependent solely on the import capacity of its partners. Russian energy policy is viewed as one of the most important activities of the state and its business structures. As such it aims to achieve both general economic goals (generation of profit, market domination) and more specific geoeconomic...
International research cooperation in the Baltic region: a scientometric analysis
This article examines the processes of international research cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. It focuses on research works published in the leading periodicals in 1993—2012. The empirical material is collected from the world’s largest abstract and citation database, SciVerse Scopus, which makes it possible to evaluate macroindicators at the national and global levels as well as the contribution of scholars to the global progress. The article also offers an assessment of the efficiency of...
Early Kantianism in Russia: J.W. L. Mellmann and J. G. Buhle
The early reception of Kantianism in Russia took place at Moscow University at the turn of the 18th century and was connected with the endeavours of two graduates of Göttingen University. J. W. L. Mellmann was the first adherent of Kant's critical philosophy in Russia and ...
Transformationen der Kantischen Postulatenlehre im „Cambridge Pragmatism“ (Charles S. Peirce, William James, Josiah Royce)
... 1981. Von Kant zu Peirce: Die semiotische Transformation der transzendentalen Logik. In: P. Heintel und L. Nagl, Hg. 1981. Zur Kantforschung der Gegenwart. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, S. 405-428.
Carlson, Th., 1997. James and the Kantian Tradition. In: R. A. Putnam, Hg. 1997. The Cambridge Companion to William James. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, S. 363-384.
Ertl, W., 2015. Gott. In: M. Willaschek, J. Stolzenberg, G. Mohr und S. Bacin, Hg. 2015. Kant-Lexikon. Berlin und ...
Transcendental Philosophy as a Scientific Research Programme
... University Press, pp. 49-169.
Kant, I., 2007. Lectures on Pedagogy. In: Anthropology, History, and Education. Edited by G. Zöller and R. B. Louden, translated by R. B. Louden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 434-485.
Katrechko, S. L., 2020. Kantian “Idea [Project] of Transcendental Philosophy”. Transcendental Journal, 1, [online] Available at: <
; [Accessed 02 February 2021]. (In Rus.)
Lakatos, I., 1968. Criticism and the ...
Schelling’s Criticism of Ontological Argument and Interpretation of Kant’s Doctrine of the Ideal of Reason
... reconstruct a critique of the ontological proof of the existence of God in Schelling’s philosophy I examine his interpretation of the ontological argument by Anselm of Canterbury and Descartes as well as Schelling’s assessment of the critique of the Kantian ontological proof of the existence of God. I propose a reconstruction of Schelling’s account of undoubted being which cannot be deduced from the concept of the totality of all that is possible and therefore must come before any thought. He interprets ...
What is Kantian Philosophy of Mathematics? An Overview of Contemporary Studies
This review of contemporary discussions of Kantian philosophy of mathematics is timed for the publication of the essay Kant’s Philosophy of Mathematics. Volume 1: The Critical Philosophy and Its Roots (2020) edited by Carl Posy and Ofra Rechter. The main discussions and comments are based on ...
The Embodied Practical Ideal: Kant’s Ethicotheology and Godmanhood
... pure moral attitude. If these conditions are observed the philosopher and the biblical theologian remain each with their theologies and within their rights.
Belov, V. N. and Fahrudinova, Je. R., 2017. I. Kant on Religion, Faith, God and Church. Kantian Journal, 36(1), pp. 30-40. (In Rus.)
Di Censo, J., 2013. The Concept of Urbild in Kant’s Philosophy of Religion. Kant-Studien, 104(1), pp. 100-132.
Firestone, C. L., 2012. A Response to Critics of In Defense ...
Kantian Approaches to Human Reproduction: Both Favourable and Unfavourable
... Have Children? The Ethical Debate. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Parfit, D., 1984. Reasons and Persons. Oxford: Clarendon.
Parfit, D., 2011. On What Matters, Volume 1. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Puls, H., 2016. Kant’s Justification of Parental Duties. Kantian Review, 21(1), pp. 53-75.
Rumbaugh, D. and Washburn, D., 2003. Intelligence of Apes and Other Rational Beings. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Scheffler, S., 2011. Introduction. In: D. Parfit, 2011. On What Matters. Volume 1. Oxford: Oxford ...
On Fire. Dissertation for the Master’s Degree. Translation from the Latin into Russian, Preface and Notes by S. V. Lugovoy
... For the same reason the translator uses the loan translation “moment” instead of the more common “motive force”. “Gradus”, however, is always translated as “degree” for the sake of uniformity. All the translator’s additions to the Kantian text are within square brackets. When the meaning of a word is translated in a form that departs from the original meaning due to context the Latin original is attached within round brackets in the grammatical form used by Kant. To facilitate ...
Revisiting the Maxim-Law Dynamic in the Light of Kant’s Theory of Action
... University Press.
Kant, I., 2012. Lectures on Anthropology. Translated & edited by A. W. Wood & R. B. Louden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCarty, R., 2009. Kant’s Theory of Action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Morrison, I., 2005. On Kantian Maxims: A Reconciliation of the Incorporation Thesis and Weakness of the Will. History of Philosophy Quarterly, 22(1), pp. 73-89.
O’Neill, O., 1975. Acting of Principle: An Essay on Kantian Ethics. Columbia: Columbia University Press.
Moral und Dogma: Alois Riehls Neukantianismus im Spannungsfeld zwischen Religion und Politik
... Renaissance” in Austria was not allowed to succeed Ernst Mach. The analysis of Riehl’s arguments allows us furthermore to understand Riehl as a neo-Kantian as early as 1871/1872, which has been questioned by many authors who think the early Riehl was no Kantian.
Anonym, 1871a. Preßprozeß des „Volksboten“ wegen Verbrechens der Religionsstörung. Der Volksbote (Graz), II(12), 15. Jun., S. 87-92.
Anonym, 1871b. Zum Prozesse des Volksboten. Der Volksbote (Graz), II(13), 1. Jul., S. 95-97.
The Role of the Sublime in Kant’s Religion: Moral Motivation and Empirical Possibility
... Kant: Kritik der Urteilskraft. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter, pp. 99-119.
Forschner, M., 2005. Immanuel Kant über Vernunftglaube und Handlungsmotivation. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung, 59(3), pp. 327-344.
Hare, J., 1996. The Moral Gap: Kantian Ethics, Human Limits, and God’s Assistance. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Hughes, F., 2007. Kant’s Aesthetic Epistemology: Form and World. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Kant, I., 1992. The Jäsche Logic. In: I. Kant, 1992. Lectures on ...
Kants Denkraum: Subjektivität als Prinzip. Interview mit Prof. Dr. Jürgen Stolzenberg
This interview with Professor Dr Jürgen Stolzenberg, board member of the Kant-Gesellschaft and co-editor of the Kant-Lexikon (2015), explores a wide range of topics — from Leibniz and Wolff to Heidegger and Husserl. The leading idea of Stolzenberg’s philosophical research is the justification of the principle of modern subjectivity in Kant’s philosophy and its transformations until our days. He discusses the meaning and development of the concept of self-consciousness and the understanding...
Kantian Philosophy and ‘Linguistic Kantianism’
The expression “linguistic Kantianism” is widely used to refer to ideas about thought and cognition being determined by language — a conception characteristic of 20th century analytic philosophy. In this article, I conduct a comparative analysis of Kant’s philosophy and views ...
Consequences and Design in General and Transcendental Logic
Bonnay, D., Westerståhl, D. 2012, Consequence Mining. Constants versus Consequence Relations. In: Journal of Philosophical Logic, vol. 41, pp. 671—709.
Bryushinkin, V. N. 2006, The Interaction of Formal and Transcendental logic. In: Kantovsky Sbornik [Kantian Journal], no. 26, pp. 148—167. (In Russ.)
Bryushinkin, V. N. 2011, Kant’s Logic and Strawson’s Metaphysics. In: Kantovsky Sbornik [Kantian Journal], no. 37, pp. 3—7. (In Russ.)
Buridan, J. 2001, Summulae de Dialectica, New Haven.
Darwinism as the Missing Link in Kant’s Critical Philosophy
Hartmann, R.A., 2017. The Evolution of Epistemology to Evolutionary Epistemology: Two Modern Re-Interpretations of Immanuel Kant’s Fundamental Principles of Transcendental Philosophy. Edinburgh: HARALEX Publishing House.
Howell, R., 2013. Kant and Kantian Themes in Recent Analytic Philosophy. Metaphilosophy, 44(1-2), pp. 42-47.
Kant, I., 1998. Critique of Pure Reason. Edited by P. Guyer and A. Wood. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lorenz, K., 1977. Behind the Mirror: A Search for a Natural ...
Kruglov A. N. Kant and Kant’s philosophy in Russian belles-lettres
... // Russian Review. 1979. Vol. 38, № 4.
9. R.B. [Review:] Ya. E. Golosovker, Dostoyevski i Kant. Moscow, Izd. AN SSSR, 1963. 102 pp. 21 kopeks // Soviet Studies. 1964. Vol. 16, № 2.
10. Sheynzon E. M. The Quest for Noumena in Russian Literature: Kantian Trends in Gogol and Bulgakov: Diss. / Northwestern University. Evanston (Illinois), 2005.
Dementyev I. O.
[html]<div align="justify">1. Davydov, D. 2006, Shkola, izbegajushhaja definicij ...
Der frühe Kantianismus in Russland: I. W. L. Melmаn und I. G. Bule
The early reception of Kantianism in Russia at the turn of the 18th century took place at Moscow University and was connected with the endeavours of two graduates of Göttingen University. J. W. L. Mellmann was the first adherent of Kant's critical philosophy in Russia and ...
Russians in Kant-Studien
This article is an introduction to the research project dedicated to the study of the publications of Russian thinkers in "Kant-Studien", the leading periodical of Kant studies and the main journal of the Kant Society. The idea of the project was formulated by V. N. Bryushinkin. The article offers a short history of the journal.
1. Adair-Toteff Ch. Hans Vaihingers’s Kant-Studien // Kant-Studien. 1996. № 87. S. 390—395.
2. Beneke F. E. Kant und die philosophischen Aufgaben unserer...
Die relative Wahrheit der Abbildtheorie in der Interpretation von H. Rickert
This article analyses, first of all, the epistemological theory of reflection (Abbildtheorie) of Heinrich Rickert, the main representative of the Baden Neo-Kantianism School. The author analyses the key arguments put forward by Rickert against the understanding of cognition as a reflection of reality. Rickert’s standpoint is neutral. He criticises the transcendental theory of reflection, but does not reject the idea of reflection as a model of cognition and acknowledges the immanent theory of reflection...
F. A. Stepun, „Musagetes“, E. K. Metner
This historical-philosophical essay is dedicated to the Russian publicist, chief editor of the "Musaget" publishing house Emil Metner and to Fyodor Stepun — the chief editor of the "Logos" magazine — and their contribution to the increasing influence of contemporary German thought on Russian philosophy. Emil Medtner and the "Musaget" publishing house championed Neo-Kantianism in Russia.
1. Безродный М. Из истории русского германофильства:...
The Russians in "Kant-Studien". Part 1: Vaihinger's "Kant- Studien" (1896—1933)
... // Kant-Studien. 1906. N 11. S. 348—378.
52. Vaihinger H. (Recension) W. Lutoslawski “Origin and growth of Platos Logic” // Kant-Studien. 1898. N 2. S. 472—4
Kant studies in Russia, Kant's philosophy, Kant-Studien, Russian philosophy, neo- Kantianism, Russian neo-Kantianism
Salikov A. N.
The Russians in Kant-Studien. Part 2 (1954—2010)
This article is the second part of the research concerning the publications of Russian scholars in Kant-Studien, the leading periodical dedicated to Kantian studies and the most important print of International Kant Society. The article describes the history of publications of Russian authors from 1974 to 2008.
1. Асмус В. Ф. Диалектический материализм и логика....
Kant’s philosophy and foundations of the process of aesthetization in contemporary culture
The article discusses the possibility of detecting the grounds of the aesthetization process in modern culture in the structure of the Kantian philosophy. The connection of Kant's aesthetics with science and morality is traced, and also Kant’s influence on the romantic philosophy of art is revealed. The loss of its classical boundaries by modern aesthetics is shown as originated in ...
“To think of an object and to know an object is… not the same”, or E. T. A. Hoffmann and “Transcendental analytic”
In the article the question is raised about the Kantianism of E. T. A. Hoffmann on the example of the story from “The night stories”, which shows that the transcendental reflection as an important gnoseological form makes the practical sense in the human life.
1. Берковский Н. Я....
Frolova Ye. The theoretical and methodological issues of the revival of natural law
... natural law from the perspective of neo-Kantian legal philosophy of the late 19th/early 20th century and the problem of correlation between changing rules of law and the unchanged form of moral prescriptions.The author focuses on the development of Kantian approach in solving the problem of moral philosophy. The essence of morals is revealed not in the creation of ideal projects but rather in the need for action: the moral law must be implemented in the outside world. The theory of standards and ...
Hermann Cohens Konzept der Anthropodizee in der Sicht Jacob Gordins
The paper focuses on the problem of anthropodicy in the philosophical system of Hermann Cohen and its interpretation by Jacob Gordin (1896—1947). Gordin was one of the last followers of Cohen in Russia. He developes his interpretation in the lecture “Anthropodicy”, which was given in the Philosophical Circle at the Petrograd University in December 1921. For the study of the problem of anthropodicy he was apparently inspired by the discussions at the Free Philosophical Association in 1919—1921...
Kant’s transcendentalism and concept of the thing in itself
... Transcendental Objects, and Monads, Kant-Studien, vol.105(2), p. 221—260.
15. Buchdahl, G. 1992, Kant and the Dynamics of Reason: Essays on the Structure of Kant's Philosophy, Oxford : Blackwell.
16. Buchdahl, G. 1994, Science and God: The Topology of the Kantian World, Kant and Contemporary Epistemology (ed. Paolo Parrini), Dordrecht : Springer, pp. 1—25.
17. Chisholm, R. 1950, The Theory of Appearing, in: Max black, ed. Philosophical Analysis, Ithaca, NY : Cornell University Press, p. 102—118.
Kant’s appearance as an objective-objectual [gegenständlich] representation
... intermediate ontological and epistemological status. Appearance can be correlated with objective (objective-objectual ‘gegenstänslich’) representation. It would be unwise to identify appearance with thing-in-itself, which was characteristic of pre- Kantian philosophy (naïve realism), or appearance with representation, which was the case in phenomenalist interpretations of transcendentalism à la Berkley (interpretation of two objects). Kant’s appearance, as emphasised in BXXVII of his Critique,...
Kant’s family ethics and philosophy of love. Part 2. Critique of Judgement
... relationship worthy of humanity and compatible with morality. This condition is discovered by Kant beyond the borders of ethics. Therefore, it is not discussed within those borders any more. The crucial significance of love based on aesthetic taste to Kantian anthropology evokes some superficial Kantian objections but proves to be justified by the philosophy of the culture of free personality as striving towards the integral self, as it was formulated later in German idealism.
1. Kant, I. 1965, ...
Time in Sergey Trubetskoy’s and Boris Chicherin’s metaphysical concepts: A discussion on Kant
... sensory perception of phenomena. At the same time, Trubetskoy argued that, due to the sobornost of consciousness, the subject is not an individual person but the humanity as a community of sentient and intelligent beings. In addressing Platonism, the Kantian tradition, and the philosophy of all-unity, Trubetskoy argued that the purpose of metaphysics was not to search for and formulate the laws of nature but rather to uncover new levels of the understanding of the interaction between thinking and ...
On the role of religion in N. N. Alekseev’s axiological model of law
This paper is devoted to investigation of destination of religion in the process of forming of the concept of law in determined cultural circumstances. This study is actualizes the essential link between comprehension of content of domain of law and concept of subjectivity. Nikolay Alexeev overcomes concept of subjectivity represented in philosophy of early modern period of European history, (primarily in the rationalistic tradition of Rene Descartes). The crucial significant in his concept of law...
Paul Natorp’s social pedagogic theory and it’s relevance to modern russian education
... dominant contemporary pedagogical system. The major Natorp’s objection was directed against positioning psychology at the basis of a pedagogical theory. In principle this point of critique was matter of continuation of much broader debate between Neo- Kantianism and Positivism which for this time took place on pedagogical “territory”. In addition to ethics and psychology Natorp proposes to broaden theoretical ground of pedagogy by adding “pure normative sciences” such as logic and aesthetics ...
The work of the dissertation panel D 212.084.03 in 2011—2015
The article presents a brief analysis of the topics of dissertations, defended in the Council 201.084.03 at the I. Kant Baltic Federal University in 2011—2015. Problems solved, regional applications and propagation of results, as well as future prospects are discussed.
1. Состав диссертационного совета 212.084.03. URL:
postgraduate/doc/sostav%20soveta.doc (дата обращения: 10.02.2016).
2. Список диссертаций, размещенных...
The role of religion in G. Gurvich’s philosophy of law
This article demonstrates how G.D Gurvich combines the ideas of axiology of Neo-Kantianism and phenomenology. The author considers the features of a religious act in G. D. Gurvich’s philosophy and analyses the characteristics of religious experience in the doctrine of auto-theurgy. G. D. Gurvich’s position on the social role of religion in religious philosophy is identified.
1. Гурвич Г. Д. Идея социального права // Гурвич Г. Д. Философия и социология...
Kant and the contemporary theory of international relations
The main purpose of this article is to answer the question of the role of Kantian political philosophy for the theory of international relations. The answer is giving through the examination of the main trends in the interpretation of Kant's place in one of the major paradigms of the theory of international relations: realism,...
The thinking of nature and the nature of thinking — Cohen on Spinoza
... importance of ethics and logic through the metaphysics of identity of the divine substance.
1. Kogen G. 2012, Teorija opita Kanta [Theory of experience of Kant], Per. s nem. V. N. Be¬lova, Moscow.
2. Kogen G. 2008, Obosnovanie etiki Kantom [Kantian justification of ethics] / Per. s nem. V. N. Belova // Immanuil Kant i aktualnije problem sovremennoj filosofii. Sb. nauch. trudov / pod obchej red. V. N. Belova i L. I. Tetjueva. T. 2. Moscow.
3. Poma A. 2012, Kriticheskaja filosofija Germana ...
Kant in Nikolai Strakhov’s philosophical research (An experience of epistemological orientation)
... contra, St Petersburg, p. 847—878.
8. Ilyin, N. P. 2008. Tragedija russkoj filosofii [The tragedy of Russian philosophy], Moscow, 608 p.
9. Kruglov, А. N. 2012. Kant i kantovskaja filosofija v russkoj hudozhestvennoj literature [Kant and Kantian philosophy in the Russian fiction], Moscow, 480 p.
10. Kruglov, А. N. 2009. Filosofija Kanta v Rossii v kontse XVIII — pervoj polovine XIX vekov [The Kantian philosophy in Russia in the late XVIII — first half XIX centuries], Mos-cow,...
From Marburg to Odessa: A contribution to a scientific bio-graphy of S. L. Rubinstein
This article reconstructs certain episodes of the early intellectual biography (1889—1960) of S. L. Rubinstein — a Russian Neo-Kantian, philosopher, and psychologist — and presents the fol-lowing archive documents: the letter of Martha Cohen (1918), the widow of the German neo-Kantian Hermann Cohen, S. L. Rubinstein’s teacher; two Rubinstein’s autobiographies of the early 1920s; a review of Rubinstein’s thesis, which was supervised by H. Cohen and P. Natorp and de-fended at Marburg University...
A man as a “citizen of two worlds”: The development of Kantian themes by Rosenzweig
This article focuses on Rosenzweig’s major work The Star of Redemption. The author attempts to answer the principal question as to whether Rosenzweig’s thought belongs to the tradition of Kantian philosophy.The author addresses the Rosenzweig’s interpretation of Kant’s concept of freedom as a hermeneutical cipher to expose some of his considerations on human nature. Rosenzweig acknowledges Kant’s achievement in attributing a human ...
Kistyakovsky on the nature of law
This article explores the contribution of the Russian philosopher and theorist of law, neo-Kantian Kistyakovsky, to the understanding of the essence of law. He supported methodological pluralism and identified four theoretical and two practical concepts of law. The neo-Kantian motive in Kistyakovsky's theory manifested itself in the reference to the normative nature of legal rules and law in general and its independence of any external authorities or internal motivations of human behavior. According...
Aesthetics in the system of Paul Natorp’s philosophy
This article considers the key aspects of P. Natorp’s aesthetics in the system of his philosophy and identifies the legitimate position of aesthetics in the structure of philosophical disciplines: logic, ethics, and philosophy of religion. The author analyses the understanding of aesthetics and philosophyof arts and creative works in line with the Neo-Kantian tradition. The article focuses on the thinker’s contribution to the philosophy of the Marburg School and the justification of idealism...
Kant’s transcendentalism as a transcendental paradigm of philo¬so¬phiz¬ing
16. Prauss G. Kant und das Problem der Dinge an sich. Bonn, 1974.
17. Rohlf M. Immanuel Kant. 2010. URL: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/kant/ (дата обращения: 01.032014).
18. Sellars W. Science and Metaphysics: Variations on Kantian Themes. L. ; N. Y., 1968.
19. Strawson P. The Bounds of Sense. The Bounds of Sense: An Essay on Kant's Critique of Pure Reason. L. ; N. Y., 1966.
Kant’s transcendental philosophy (transcendentalism), transcendental method, Copernican revolution,...