How did Lithuania draw up its present borders? Part II
The author analyses the process of the formation of Lithuania’s territory during the Soviet period of its history. Facts and factors influencing decisions on the territorial issues of Lithuanian statehood are considered through the prism of relations between the Soviet republics and the central authorities of the USSR. The economic development of Soviet Lithuania was a decisive factor in the republic’s territorial organization and management. By accepting the existing borders in the ...
Indirect translation: Main trends in practice and research
... translation, and has the aim of facilitating systematic research on this long-standing, widespread yet underexplored phenomenon. The article thus provides an overview of some of the main patterns in ITr practice and research and explores suggestions for related future studies. The overview follows the ‘Five W’s and One H’ approach. The what question concerns terminological and conceptual issues related to ITr and explores the relevance of systematic studies on ITr. The who question considers the ...
How did Lithuania draw up its present borders?
The article describes the formation of the national territory of Lithuania during the interwar period. The author compares factors, which affected the formation of the Lithuanian statehood, analyses the country’s relations with the neighbouring states and describes the Soviet-Polish and the Soviet- German relations. A high degree of dependence on external influence and numerous internal weakness of the country influenced the establishment of the geographical borders ...
The role of customer loyalty programmes in the modern market
This article examines the main trends in the development of customer loyalty programmes and describes companies’ approaches to creating and implementing them. The authors identify the challenges facing companies that modify customer loyalty programmes in accordance with the features of the Russian institutional environment.
1. Гордон Я. Х. Маркетинг партнерских отношений. СПб., 2001.
2. Плотникова Е. А., Куликова З. В. Программа...
The Neuchâtel Crisis of 1856—1857 and the British position
This article focuses on the reasons behind and the diplomatic aspects of the Neuchâtel crisis in Prussian-Swiss relations. The Neuchâtel crisis arose in the end of 1856 as a result of the Prussian territorial claims and interference in Swiss home affairs. The author examines the diplomacy of the leading European powers – mainly England – aimed to resolve the ...
The historical and national sources of the development of the modern Polish-Lithuanian conflict
This article analyzes the origins of the contemporary conflict generating Polish-Lithuanian relations. The authors consider the features of the Polonization of Lithuania and ensuing Russification in the second half of the 19th century, the problems of Polish-Russian relations during the interbellum (1918—1939) and the period of the post-war ...
German-German Relations and Credit Policy of Federal Republic of Germany in 1982-1985
This article investigates the credit policy of the Federal Republic of Germany towards the German Democratic Republic from 1982 to 1985. The author attempts to analyze the role of these credits in the development of German-German relations.
. История современной Германии 1945—2005. М
Politik und deutsch-deutsche Wirtschaftsbeziehungen von 1945 bis 1989. B., 2005.
zu den ...
Do Historians Need Categories of State Cordiality and Incurable Wounds?
Historical examples reveal the peculiarities of bilateral intergovernmental relations. There are two non-convertible variants, based on the positive contribution of the actual international agent into the formation of a new state — the prospective added value variant — or aimed at deliberated suspension/breach of relations ...
On Economic Asymmetry in Russia
... regional economies. The research on the correlation between gross regional product and per capita taxable capacity in the constituents of RF conducted in 2000 and 2007 revealed the disproportions of both objective economic parameters and redistribution relations in the framework of interbudget relations system. The analysis conducted allows outlining the methods of financial and economic mechanisms development aimed at the equalisation of socioeconomic development.
An escape from the embrace of politics. A study into the cultures of remembrance as a means to encourage a historical dialogue in Lithuanian-Russian relations
This article focuses on the factors inhibiting a productive rethinking of the past in contemporary Lithuanian-Russian relations. The rethinking of the past is understood as a process facilitating the reconsideration of historical meanings through adjusting them to the expectations and values of the contemporary society. The author argues that in this process historical ...
International relations of the North-West federal district of the Russian Federation and the New North concept
This article analyses the role of Russia — the North-West federal district — in the New North concept, which encompasses new political relations in the North of Europe in the framework of international organisations and regional cooperation — for instance, the Northern Dimension.
1. Beloborodova, I. N. 2000. POLIS, № 4, pp. 163—166.
2. V Gosdume projdet «kruglyj stol» na temu ...
The Northern Dimension policy: current state and development prospects
This article examines the evolution and current state of the Northern Dimension policy and its role in Russia-EU relations. The authors analyse the discrepancy between the actual achievements of the Northern Dimension and its potential and the over-high expectations, which accompanied the policy renewal.
1. Derjabin, Ju. 2000. Sovremennaja Evropa, № 2. [online] ...
Transformation of the institutional matrix of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania within the Russian Empire
... факультэта БДУ : навук. зб. Вып. 2 / пад рэд. У. К. Коршук. Мінск, 2007. С. 139—142.
Barakhvostov P. A.
social system, institutional approach, basic institutions, institutional matrix, distributive relations, market relations.